results for au:Williamson_G in:math

- The Hecke category is emerging as a fundamental object in representation theory. We give a motivated introduction to this category in both its geometric (via parity sheaves) and diagrammatic (generators and relations) incarnations. We also discuss the p-canonical basis and Koszul duality for the Hecke category.
- Jul 27 2017 math.RT arXiv:1707.08249v1A basic question concerning indecomposable Soergel bimodules is to understand their endomorphism rings. In characteristic zero all degree-zero endomorphisms are isomorphisms (a fact proved by Elias and the second author) which implies the Kazhdan-Lusztig conjectures. More recently, many examples in positive characteristic have been discovered with larger degree zero endomorphisms. These give counter-examples to expected bounds in Lusztig's conjecture. Here we prove the existence of indecomposable Soergel bimodules in type A having non-zero endomorphisms of negative degree. This gives the existence of a non-perverse parity sheaf in type A.
- Jun 02 2017 math.RT arXiv:1706.00183v1We establish a character formula for indecomposable tilting modules for connected reductive groups in characteristic p in terms of p-Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials, for p>h the Coxeter number. Using results of Andersen, one may deduce a character formula for simple modules if p>2h-3. Our results are a consequence of an extension to modular coefficients of a monoidal Koszul duality equivalence established by Bezrukavnikov and Yun.
- Mar 20 2017 math.RT arXiv:1703.05843v1In this paper we propose a construction of a monoidal category of "free-monodromic" tilting perverse sheaves on (Kac-Moody) flag varieties in the setting of the "mixed modular derived category" introduced by the first and third authors. This category shares most of the properties of their counterpart in characteristic 0, defined by Bezrukavnikov-Yun using certain pro-objects in triangulated categories. This construction is the main new ingredient in the forthcoming construction of a "modular Koszul duality" equivalence for constructible sheaves on flag varieties.
- Mar 20 2017 math.RT arXiv:1703.05898v3We formulate a conjecture for the second generation characters of indecomposable tilting modules for ${\rm SL}_3$. This gives many new conjectural decomposition numbers for symmetric groups. Our conjecture can be interpreted as saying that these characters are governed by a discrete dynamical system ("billiards bouncing in alcoves"). The conjecture implies that decomposition numbers for symmetric groups display (at least) exponential growth.
- We study a diagrammatic categorification (the "anti-spherical category") of the anti-spherical module for any Coxeter group. We deduce that Deodhar's (sign) parabolic Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials have non-negative coefficients, and that a monotonicity conjecture of Brenti's holds. The main technical observation is a localisation procedure for the anti-spherical category, from which we construct a "light leaves" basis of morphisms. Our techniques may be used to calculate many new elements of the $p$-canonical basis in the anti-spherical module. The results use generators and relations for Soergel bimodules ("Soergel calculus") in a crucial way.
- Oct 21 2016 math.RT arXiv:1610.06261v1These are notes for my Takagi lecture at the University of Tokyo in November, 2016. I survey what is known about simple modules for reductive algebraic groups. The emphasis is on characteristic p>0 and Lusztig's character formula. I explain ideas connecting representations and constructible sheaves (Finkelberg-Mirkovic conjecture) in the spirit of the Kazhdan-Lusztig conjecture. I also discuss a conjecture with S. Riche (a theorem for GL_n) which should eventually make computations more feasible.
- Ideas from Hodge theory have found important applications in representation theory. We give a survey of joint work with Ben Elias which uncovers Hodge theoretic structure in the Hecke category ("Soergel bimodules"). We also outline similarities and differences to other combinatorial Hodge theories.
- We prove the relative hard Lefschetz theorem for Soergel bimodules. It follows that the structure constants of the Kazhdan-Lusztig basis are unimodal. We explain why the relative hard Lefschetz theorem implies that the tensor category associated by Lusztig to any 2-sided cell in a Coxeter group is rigid and pivotal.
- In its simplest form the Decomposition Theorem asserts that the rational intersection cohomology of a complex projective variety occurs as a summand of the cohomology of any resolution. This deep theorem has found important applications in algebraic geometry, representation theory, number theory and combinatorics. It was originally proved in 1981 by Beilinson, Bernstein, Deligne and Gabber as a consequence of Deligne's proof of the Weil conjectures. A different proof was given by Saito in 1988, as a consequence of his theory of mixed Hodge modules. More recently, de Cataldo and Migliorini found a much more elementary proof which uses only classical Hodge theory and the theory of perverse sheaves. We present the theorem and outline the main ideas involved in the new proof.
- Dec 29 2015 math.RT arXiv:1512.08296v3In this paper we propose a new approach to tilting modules for reductive algebraic groups in positive characteristic. We conjecture that translation functors give an action of the (diagrammatic) Hecke category of the affine Weyl group on the principal block. Our conjecture implies character formulas for the simple and tilting modules in terms of the p-canonical basis, as well as a description of the principal block as the anti-spherical quotient of the Hecke category. We prove our conjecture for GL_n using the theory of 2-Kac-Moody actions. Finally, we prove that the diagrammatic Hecke category of a general crystallographic Coxeter group may be described in terms of parity complexes on the flag variety of the corresponding Kac-Moody group.
- We prove that the prime torsion in the local integral intersection cohomology of Schubert varieties in the flag variety of the general linear group grows exponentially in the rank. The idea of the proof is to find a highly singular point in a Schubert variety and calculate the Euler class of the normal bundle to the (miraculously smooth) fibre in a particular Bott-Samelson resolution. The result is a geometric version of an earlier result established using Soergel bimodule techniques.
- We describe a positive characteristic analogue of the Kazhdan-Lusztig basis of the Hecke algebra of a crystallographic Coxeter system and investigate some of its properties. Using Soergel calculus we describe an algorithm to calculate this basis. We outline some known or expected applications in modular representation theory. We conclude by giving several examples.
- Feb 18 2015 math.RT arXiv:1502.04914v2We reduce some key calculations of compositions of morphisms between Soergel bimodules ("Soergel calculus") to calculations in the nil Hecke ring ("Schubert calculus"). This formula has several applications in modular representation theory.
- Feb 18 2015 math.RT arXiv:1502.04904v1Let G be a semisimple group over an algebraically closed field of characteristic p>0. We give a (partly conjectural) simple, closed formula for the character of many indecomposable tilting rational G-modules, assuming that p is large.
- Oct 09 2014 math.RT arXiv:1410.2028v3We prove the local hard Lefschetz theorem and local Hodge-Riemann bilinear relations for Soergel bimodules. Using results of Soergel and Kübel one may deduce an algebraic proof of the Jantzen conjectures. We observe that the Jantzen filtration may depend on the choice of non-dominant regular deformation direction.
- We give a monoidal presentation of Coxeter and braid 2-groups, in terms of decorated planar graphs. This presentation extends the Coxeter presentation. We deduce a simple criterion for a Coxeter group or braid group to act on a category.
- We show that simple highest weight modules for sl_12 may have reducible characteristic variety. This answers a question of Borho-Brylinski and Joseph from 1984. The relevant singularity under Beilinson-Bernstein localization is the (in)famous Kashiwara-Saito singularity. We sketch the rather indirect route via the p-canonical basis, W-graphs and decomposition numbers for perverse sheaves that led us to examine this singularity.
- Mar 10 2014 math.RT arXiv:1403.1647v1We show that tilting modules and parity sheaves on the affine Grassmannian are related through the geometric Satake correspondence, when the characteristic is bigger than an explicit bound.
- Mar 10 2014 math.RT arXiv:1403.1650v2We give an informal introduction to the authors' work on some conjectures of Kazhdan and Lusztig, building on work of Soergel and de Cataldo-Migliorini. This article is an expanded version of a lecture given by the second author at the Arbeitstagung in memory of Friedrich Hirzebruch.
- Sep 20 2013 math.RT arXiv:1309.5055v3We observe that certain numbers occurring in Schubert calculus for SL_n also occur as entries in intersection forms controlling decompositions of Soergel bimodules and parity sheaves in higher rank. These numbers grow exponentially. This observation gives many counterexamples to Lusztig's conjecture on the characters of simple rational modules for SL_n over a field of positive characteristic. We explain why our examples also give counter-examples to the James conjecture on decomposition numbers for symmetric groups.
- The monoidal category of Soergel bimodules is an incarnation of the Hecke category, a fundamental object in representation theory. We present this category by generators and relations, using the language of planar diagrammatics. We show that Libedinsky's light leaves give a basis for morphism spaces and give a new proof of Soergel's classification of the indecomposable Soergel bimodules.
- Given a hypercube of Frobenius extensions between commutative algebras, we provide a diagrammatic description of some natural transformations between compositions of induction and restriction functors, in terms of colored transversely-intersecting planar 1-manifolds. The relations arise in the first and third authors' work on (singular) Soergel bimodules.
- Dec 05 2012 math.RT arXiv:1212.0794v2We give a counterexample to the most optimistic analogue (due to Kleshchev and Ram) of the James conjecture for Khovanov-Lauda-Rouquier algebras associated to simply-laced Dynkin diagrams. The first counterexample occurs in type A_5 for p = 2 and involves the same singularity used by Kashiwara and Saito to show the reducibility of the characteristic variety of an intersection cohomology D-module on a quiver variety. Using recent results of Polo one can give counterexamples in type A in all characteristics.
- Dec 05 2012 math.RT arXiv:1212.0791v2We prove Soergel's conjecture on the characters of indecomposable Soergel bimodules. We deduce that Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials have positive coefficients for arbitrary Coxeter systems. Using results of Soergel one may deduce an algebraic proof of the Kazhdan-Lusztig conjecture.
- Sep 18 2012 math.RT arXiv:1209.3760v1We prove an analogue of Koszul duality for category $\mathcal{O}$ of a reductive group $G$ in positive characteristic $\ell$ larger than 1 plus the number of roots of $G$. However there are no Koszul rings, and we do not prove an analogue of the Kazhdan--Lusztig conjectures in this context. The main technical result is the formality of the dg-algebra of extensions of parity sheaves on the flag variety if the characteristic of the coefficients is at least the number of roots of $G$ plus 2.
- Aug 07 2012 math.AG arXiv:1208.1198v3We observe that the characteristic cycle of a D-module gives bounds for decomposition numbers of intersection cohomology complexes.
- May 21 2012 math.RT arXiv:1205.4206v2For any Coxeter system we establish the existence (conjectured by Rouquier) of analogues of standard and costandard objects in 2-braid groups. This generalizes a known extension vanishing formula in the BGG category O.
- We prove that equivariant multiplicities may be used to determine whether attractive fixed points on T-varieties are p-smooth. This gives a combinatorial criterion for the determination of the p-smooth locus of Schubert varieties for all primes p.
- We define and study categories of singular Soergel bimodules, which are certain natural generalisations of Soergel bimodules. Indecomposable singular Soergel bimodules are classified, and we conclude that the split Grothendieck group of the 2-category of singular Soergel bimodules is isomorphic to the Schur algebroid. Soergel's conjecture on the characters of indecomposable Soergel bimodules in characteristic zero is shown to imply a similar conjecture for the characters of singular Soergel bimodules.
- We show that, with coefficients in a field or a complete local ring k, the Braden-MacPherson algorithm computes the stalks of parity sheaves with coefficients in k. As a consequence we deduce that the Braden-MacPherson algorithm may be used to calculate the characters of tilting modules for algebraic groups and show that the p-smooth locus of (Kac-Moody) Schubert varieties agrees with the rationally smooth locus, if the underlying Bruhat graph satisfies a GKM-condition.
- We give a geometric interpretation of the Jones-Ocneanu trace on the Hecke algebra, using the equivariant cohomology of sheaves on SL(n). This construction makes sense for all simple algebraic groups, so we obtain a generalization of the Jones-Ocneanu trace to Hecke algebras of other types. We give a geometric expansion of this trace in terms of the irreducible characters of the Hecke algebra, and conclude that it agrees with a trace defined independently by Gomi. Based on our proof, we also prove that certain simple perverse sheaves on a reductive algebraic group G are equivariantly formal for the conjugation action of a Borel B, or equivalently, that the Hochschild homology of any Soergel bimodule is free, as the authors had previously conjectured. This construction is closely tied to knot homology. This interpretation of the Jones-Ocneanu trace is a more elementary manifestation of the geometric construction of HOMFLYPT homology given by the authors in a previous paper.
- Given a stratified variety X with strata satisfying a cohomological parity-vanishing condition, we define and show the uniqueness of "parity sheaves", which are objects in the constructible derived category of sheaves with coefficients in an arbitrary field or complete discrete valuation ring. This construction depends on the choice of a parity function on the strata. If X admits a resolution also satisfying a parity condition, then the direct image of the constant sheaf decomposes as a direct sum of parity sheaves, and the multiplicities of the indecomposable summands are encoded in certain refined intersection forms appearing in the work of de Cataldo and Migliorini. We give a criterion for the Decomposition Theorem to hold in the semi-small case. Our framework applies to many stratified varieties arising in representation theory such as generalised flag varieties, toric varieties, and nilpotent cones. Moreover, parity sheaves often correspond to interesting objects in representation theory. For example, on flag varieties we recover in a unified way several well-known complexes of sheaves. For one choice of parity function we obtain the indecomposable tilting perverse sheaves. For another, when using coefficients of characteristic zero, we recover the intersection cohomology sheaves and in arbitrary characteristic the special sheaves of Soergel, which are used by Fiebig in his proof of Lusztig's conjecture.
- The aim of this paper is two-fold. First, we give a fully geometric description of the HOMFLYPT homology of Khovanov-Rozansky. Our method is to construct this invariant in terms of the cohomology of various sheaves on certain algebraic groups, in the same spirit as the authors' previous work on Soergel bimodules. All the differentials and gradings which appear in the construction of HOMFLYPT homology are given a geometric interpretation. In fact, with only minor modifications, we can extend this construction to give a categorification of the colored HOMFLYPT polynomial, colored HOMFLYPT homology. We show that it is in fact a knot invariant categorifying the colored HOMFLYPT polynomial and that this coincides with the categorification proposed by Mackaay, Stosic and Vaz.
- This paper is an introduction to the use of perverse sheaves with positive characteristic coefficients in modular representation theory. In the first part, we survey results relating singularities in finite and affine Schubert varieties and nilpotent cones to modular representations of reductive groups and their Weyl groups. The second part is a brief introduction to the theory of perverse sheaves with an emphasis on the case of positive characteristic and integral coefficients. In the final part, we provide some explicit examples of stalks of intersection cohomology complexes with integral or positive characteristic coefficients in nilpotent cones, mostly in type $A$. Some of these computations might be new.
- We present a combinatorial procedure (based on the W-graph of the Coxeter group) which shows that the characters of many intersection cohomology complexes on low rank complex flag varieties with coefficients in an arbitrary field are given by Kazhdan-Lusztig basis elements. Our procedure exploits the existence and uniqueness of parity sheaves. In particular we are able to show that the characters of all intersection cohomology complexes with coefficients in a field on the flag variety of type A_n for n < 7 are given by Kazhdan-Lusztig basis elements. By results of Soergel, this implies a part of Lusztig's conjecture for SL(n) with n \le 7. We also give examples where our techniques fail. In the appendix by Tom Braden examples are given of intersection cohomology complexes on the flag varities for SL(8) and SO(8) which have torsion in their stalks or costalks.
- An important step in the calculation of the triply graded link homology theory of Khovanov and Rozansky is the determination of the Hochschild homology of Soergel bimodules for SL(n). We present a geometric model for this Hochschild homology for any simple group G, as equivariant intersection homology of B x B-orbit closures in G. We show that, in type A these orbit closures are equivariantly formal for the conjugation T-action. We use this fact to show that in the case where the corresponding orbit closure is smooth, this Hochschild homology is an exterior algebra over a polynomial ring on generators whose degree is explicitly determined by the geometry of the orbit closure, and describe its Hilbert series, proving a conjecture of Jacob Rasmussen.