results for au:Wang_L in:hep-ex

- May 16 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1805.05613v2Using a data sample of $(1310.6 \pm 7.0)\times 10^6$ $J/\psi$ events collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider, we perform the first experimental search for invisible decays of a light vector meson ($V=\omega,\phi$) via $J/\psi \to V \eta$ decays. The decay of $\eta \to \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ is utilized to tag the $V$ meson decaying into the invisible final state. No evidence for a significant invisible signal is observed, and the upper limits on the ratio of branching fractions at the 90\% confidence level are determined to be $\frac{\mathcal{B}(\omega \rightarrow \rm{invisible})}{\mathcal{B}(\omega \to \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0)} < 8.1 \times 10^{-5}$ and $\frac{\mathcal{B}(\phi \to \rm{invisible})}{\mathcal{B}(\phi \to K^+K^-)} < 3.4\times 10^{-4}$. By using the world average values of $\mathcal{B}(\omega \to \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0)$ and $\mathcal{B}(\phi\to K^+K^-)$, the upper limits on the decay branching fractions at the $90\%$ confidence level are set as $\mathcal{B}(\omega \to \rm{invisible})< 7.3 \times 10^{-5}$ and $\mathcal{B}(\phi \to \rm{invisible})< 1.7\times 10^{-4}$, respectively.
- Apr 17 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1804.05536v1Using $1.31 \times 10^9$ $J/\psi$ events collected by the BESIII detector at the BEPCII $e^+e^-$ collider, we report the first observation of the $h_1(1380)$ in $J/\psi \to \eta^{\prime} h_1(1380)$ with a significance of more than ten standard deviations. The mass and width of the possible axial-vector strangeonium candidate $h_1(1380)$ are measured to be $M = (1423.2 \pm 2.1 \pm 7.3)\mevcc$ and $\Gamma = (90.3 \pm 9.8 \pm 17.5)\mev$. The product branching fractions, assuming no interference, are determined to be $\mathcal{B}(J/\psi \to \eta^{\prime}h_1(1380)) \times \mathcal{B}(h_1(1380) \to K^{*}(892)^{+} K^{-} +c.c.) = (1.51 \pm 0.09 \pm 0.21) \times 10^{-4}$ and $\mathcal{B}(J/\psi \to \eta^{\prime}h_1(1380)) \times \mathcal{B}(h_1(1380) \to K^{*}(892)\bar K +c.c.) = (2.16 \pm 0.12 \pm 0.29) \times 10^{-4}$. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. Isospin symmetry violation is observed in the decays $h_1(1380) \to K^{*}(892)^{+} K^{-} +c.c.$ and $h_1(1380) \to K^{*}(892)^{0}\bar K^{0} +c.c.$. Based on the measured $h_1(1380)$ mass, the mixing angle between the states $h_1(1170)$ and $h_1(1380)$ is determined to be $(35.9\pm2.6)^{\circ}$, consistent with theoretical expectations.
- Mar 28 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.09714v1Using a data sample of $448.1 \times 10^6$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we report the first observation of the electromagnetic Dalitz decay $\psi(3686) \to \eta' e^+ e^-$, with significances of 7.0$\sigma$ and 6.3$\sigma$ when reconstructing the $\eta'$ meson via its decay modes $\eta'\to\gamma \pi^+ \pi^-$ and $\eta'\to\pi^+\pi^-\eta$ ($\eta \to \gamma\gamma$), respectively. The weighted average branching fraction is determined to be $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686) \to \eta' e^+ e^-)= (1.64 \pm 0.22 \pm 0.09) \times 10^{-6}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.
- Mar 19 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.06293v1We report new measurements of the cross sections for the production of D Dbar final states at the psi(3770) resonance. Our data sample consists of an integrated luminosity of 2.93/fb of e+e- annihilation data produced by the BEPCII collider and collected and analyzed with the BESIII detector. We exclusively reconstruct three D0 and six D+ hadronic decay modes and use the ratio of the yield of fully reconstructed D Dbar events ("double tags") to the yield of all reconstructed D or Dbar mesons ("single tags") to determine the number of D0 D0bar and D+D- events, benefiting from the cancellation of many systematic uncertainties. Combining these yields with an independent determination of the integrated luminosity of the data sample, we find the cross sections to be \sigma(e+e- --> D0 D0bar)=(3.615 +- 0.010 +- 0.035) nb and \sigma(e+e- --> D+D-)=(2.830 +- 0.011 +- 0.026) nb, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively.
- Mar 16 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.05570v1The charm semileptonic decays $D^+\to\eta e^+\nu_{e}$ and $D^+\to\eta'e^+\nu_{e}$ are studied with a sample of $e^+e^-$ collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ collected at $\sqrt{s}$ = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector. We measure the branching fractions for $D^+\to\eta e^+\nu_{e}$ to be $(10.74\pm0.81\pm0.51)\times10^{-4}$, and for $D^+\to\eta'e^+\nu_{e}$ to be $(1.91\pm0.51\pm0.13)\times10^{-4}$, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. In addition, we perform a measurement of the form factor in the decay $D^+\to\eta e^+\nu_{e}$. All the results are consistent with those obtained by the CLEO-c experiment.
- Mar 16 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.05769v3Using a data sample of $e^+e^-$ collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.93 $fb^{-1}$ collected with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}= 3.773~GeV$,we search for the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays $D^{0}\to\pi^{0}\pi^{0}\pi^{0}$, $\pi^{0}\pi^{0}\eta$, $\pi^{0}\eta\eta$ and $\eta\eta\eta$ using the double tag method. The absolute branching fractions are measured to be $\mathcal{B}(D^{0}\to\pi^{0}\pi^{0}\pi^{0}) = (2.0 \pm 0.4 \pm 0.3)\times 10^{-4}$, $\mathcal{B}(D^{0}\to\pi^{0}\pi^{0}\eta) = (3.8 \pm 1.1 \pm 0.7)\times 10^{-4}$ and $\mathcal{B}(D^{0}\to\pi^{0}\eta\eta) = (7.3 \pm 1.6 \pm 1.5)\times 10^{-4}$ with the statistical significances of $4.8\sigma$, $3.8\sigma$ and $5.5\sigma$, respectively, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones systematic. No significant signal of $D^{0}\to\eta\eta\eta$ is found, and the upper limit on its decay branching fraction is set to be $\mathcal{B}(D^{0}\to\eta\eta\eta) < 1.3 \times 10^{-4}$ at the $90\%$ confidence level.
- Mar 16 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.05706v1Based on an $e^+e^-$ collision data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 567$\,\rm{pb}^{-1}$ taken at the center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 4.6$ GeV with the BESIII detector, we measure the absolute branching fraction of the inclusive decay $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to \Lambda + X$ to be $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to \Lambda + X)=(38.2^{+2.8}_{-2.2}\pm0.8)\%$ using the double-tag method, where $X$ refers to any possible final state particles. In addition, we search for direct CP violation in the charge asymmetry of this inclusive decay for the first time, and obtain $\mathcal{A}_{CP} \equiv \frac{\mathcal{B}(\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to \Lambda + X)-\mathcal{B}(\bar{\Lambda}_{c}^{-} \to \bar{\Lambda} + X)}{\mathcal{B}(\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to \Lambda + X)+\mathcal{B}(\bar{\Lambda}_{c}^{-} \to \bar{\Lambda} + X)} = (2.1^{+7.0}_{-6.6}\pm1.4)\%$, a statistically limited result with no evidence of CP violation.
- Mar 14 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.04789v1Using $1.31\times10^9$ $J/\psi$ events collected by the BESIII detector at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider, we search for the process $J/\psi\to\Lambda_c^+e^-+c.c.$ for the first time. In this process, both baryon and lepton number conservation is violated. No signal is found and the upper limit on the branching fraction $\mathcal{B}(J/\psi\to\Lambda_c^+e^-+c.c.)$ is set to be $6.9\times10^{-8}$ at the 90\% Confidence Level.
- Mar 13 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.04299v2We report the first measurements of absolute branching fractions for the $W$-exchange-only processes $\Lambda^+_c\to\Xi^0K^+$ and $\Lambda^+_c\to\Xi(1530)^0K^+$ with the double-tag technique, by analyzing an $e^{+}e^{-}$ collision data sample, that corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 567~pb$^{-1}$ collected at a center-of-mass energy of 4.6~GeV by the BESIII detector. The branching fractions are measured to be $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda^+_c\to\Xi^0K^+)=(5.90\pm0.86\pm0.39)\times10^{-3}$ and $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda^+_c\to\Xi(1530)^0K^+)=(5.02\pm0.99\pm0.31)\times10^{-3}$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. Our results are more precise than the previous relative measurements.
- Mar 13 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.03802v2To investigate the nature of the $\psi(3770)$ resonance and to measure the cross section for $e^+e^- \to D\bar{D}$, a cross-section scan data sample, distributed among 41 center-of-mass energy points from 3.73 to 3.89~GeV, was taken with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider in the year 2010. By analyzing the large angle Bhabha scattering events, we measure the integrated luminosity of the data sample at each center-of-mass energy point. The total integrated luminosity of the data sample is $76.16\pm0.04\pm0.61$~pb$^{-1}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.
- Mar 07 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.02039v1We observe the decay $\psi(3686) \to n \bar{n}$ for the first time and measure $\psi(3686) \to p \bar{p}$ with improved accuracy by using $1.07\times 10^8$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector. The measured branching fractions are $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686) \to n \bar{n}) = (3.06 \pm 0.06 \pm 0.14)\times 10^{-4}$ and $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686) \to p \bar{p}) = (3.05 \pm 0.02 \pm 0.12) \times 10^{-4}$. Here, the first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones systematic. With the hypothesis that the polar angular distributions of the neutron and proton in the center-of-mass system obey $1+\alpha \cos^2\theta$, we determine the $\alpha$ parameters to be $\alpha_{n\bar{n}} = 0.68 \pm 0.12 \pm 0.11$ and $\alpha_{p\bar{p}} = 1.03 \pm 0.06 \pm 0.03$ for $\psi(3686)\to n\bar{n}$ and $\psi(3686)\to p\bar{p}$, respectively.
- Mar 07 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1803.02166v1Using an $e^+e^-$ collision data sample of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ collected at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV by the BESIII detector at BEPCII, we report the observation of $D^0 \to a_0(980)^- e^+ \nu_e$ and evidence for $D^+ \to a_0(980)^0 e^+ \nu_e~$ with significances of $6.4\sigma$ and $2.9\sigma$, respectively. The absolute branching fractions are determined to be $\mathcal{B}(D^0 \to a_0(980)^- e^+ \nu_e)\times\mathcal{B}(a_0(980)^- \to \eta \pi^-) = (1.33_{-0.29}^{+0.33}({\rm stat})\pm0.09({\rm syst}))\times10^{-4}~$ and $\mathcal{B}(D^+ \to a_0(980)^0 e^+ \nu_e)\times\mathcal{B}(a_0(980)^0 \to \eta \pi^0) = (1.66_{-0.66}^{+0.81}({\rm stat})\pm0.11({\rm syst}))\times10^{-4}~$. An upper limit of $\mathcal{B}(D^+ \to a_0(980)^0 e^+ \nu_e)\times\mathcal{B}(a_0(980)^0 \to \eta \pi^0)<3.0\times10^{-4}~$ is also determined at the $90\%~$ confidence level.
- Feb 28 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1802.09752v2We search for rare decays of $D$ mesons to hadrons accompany with an electron-positron pair (h(h')$e^+e^-$), using an $e^+e^-$ collision sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the BESIII detector at $\sqrt{s}$ = 3.773 GeV. No significant signals are observed, and the corresponding upper limits on the branching fractions at the $90\%$ confidence level are determined. The sensitivities of the results are at the level of $10^{-5} \sim 10^{-6}$, providing a large improvement over previous searches.
- Feb 28 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1802.09854v1Using a sample of $4.48\times10^{8}$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we study the two-photon decays of the pseudoscalar mesons $\pi^0$, $\eta$, $\eta^\prime$, $\eta(1405)$, $\eta(1475)$, $\eta(1760)$, and $X(1835)$ in $J/\psi$ radiative decays using $\psi(3686)\to\pi^{+}\pi^{-}J/\psi$ events. The $\pi^0$, $\eta$ and $\eta^\prime$ mesons are clearly observed in the two-photon mass spectra, and the branching fractions are determined to be $B(J/\psi\to\gamma\pi^{0}\to3\gamma)=(3.57\pm0.12\pm0.16)\times10^{-5}$, $B(J/\psi\to\gamma\eta\to3\gamma)=(4.42\pm0.04\pm0.18)\times10^{-4}$, and $B(J/\psi\to\gamma\eta'\to3\gamma)=(1.26\pm0.02\pm0.05)\times10^{-4}$, where the first errors are statistical and the second systematic. No clear signal for $\eta(1405)$, $\eta(1475)$, $\eta(1760)$ or $X(1835)$ is observed in the two-photon mass spectra, and upper limits at the $90\%$ confidence level on the product branching fractions are obtained.
- Feb 27 2018 hep-ex physics.ins-det arXiv:1802.09016v1We report the first results of light Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) search from the CDEX-10 experiment with a 10 kg germanium detector array immersed in liquid nitrogen at the China Jinping Underground Laboratory with an exposure of 102.8 kg-days. At an analysis threshold of 160 eVee, improved limits of 8 $\times 10^{-42}$ cm$^{2}$ and 3 $\times 10^{-36}$ cm$^{2}$ at 90% confidence level on spin-independent and spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon cross-sections, respectively, at a WIMP mass (m$_{\chi}$) of 5 GeV/$c^2$ are achieved. The lower reach of m$_{\chi}$ is extended to 2 GeV/$c^2$.
- A study on cosmogenic activation in germanium was carried out to evaluate the cosmogenic background level of natural and $^{70}$Ge depleted germanium detectors. The production rates of long-lived radionuclides were calculated with Geant4 and CRY, and the results were validated by comparing the simulated and experimental spectra of CDEX-1B detector. Based on the validated codes, a prediction was made on the cosmogenic background level for further tonne-scale CDEX experiment. The suppression of cosmogenic background level could be achieved by underground germanium crystal growth and high purity germanium detector fabrication to reach the sensitivity requirement in direct detection of dark matter. With low cosmogenic background, new physics channels would also be open such as solar neutrino research and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, and corresponding simulations and evaluations were also carried out.
- Feb 16 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1802.05492v1Using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $2.93\,\rm fb^{-1}$ taken at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773\u2009GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider, we perform an analysis of the semi-leptonic decays $D^{0(+)}\to \pi^{-(0)}\mu^+\nu_\mu$. The branching fractions of ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to \pi^-\mu^+\nu_\mu)$ and ${\mathcal B}(D^+\to \pi^0\mu^+\nu_\mu)$ are measured to be $(0.267 \pm 0.007_{\rm stat.} \pm 0.007_{\rm syst.})\%$ and $(0.342 \pm 0.011_{\rm stat.} \pm 0.010_{\rm syst.})\%$, respectively, where the former is of much improved precision compared to previous results and the latter is determined for the first time. Using these results along with previous BESIII measurements, we calculate ${\mathcal B}(D^{0}\to \pi^{-}\mu^+\nu_\mu)/{\mathcal B}(D^{0}\to \pi^{-}e^+\nu_e)$ and ${\mathcal B}(D^{+}\to \pi^{0}\mu^+\nu_\mu)/{\mathcal B}(D^{+}\to \pi^{0}e^+\nu_e)$ to be $0.905\pm 0.027_{\rm stat.}\pm0.023_{\rm syst.}$ and $0.942\pm 0.037_{\rm stat.}\pm0.027_{\rm syst.}$, which are compatible with the theoretical prediction of lepton universality within $1.9\sigma$ and $0.6\sigma$, respectively. Combining these results with the world-average lifetimes of $D^{0(+)}$, the ratio of the partial widths is determined to be $\Gamma(D^0\to \pi^-\mu^+\nu_\mu)/2\Gamma(D^+\to \pi^0\mu^+\nu_\mu)= 0.990\pm 0.041_{\rm stat.}\pm0.035_{\rm syst.}$, which is consistent with unity within the uncertainty and supports isospin conservation in the two decays.
- Feb 12 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1802.03119v1Using a data sample of $e^+e^-$ collision data with an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ taken at the center-of-mass energy $\sqrt s= 3.773$~GeV with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage rings, we measure the absolute branching fractions of the two-body hadronic decays $D^+\to \pi^+\pi^0$, $K^+ \pi^0$, $\pi^+ \eta$, $K^+\eta$, $\pi^+\eta^\prime$, $K^+\eta^\prime$, $K_S^0 \pi^+$, $K_S^0 K^+$, and $D^0\to \pi^+ \pi^-$, $K^+ K^-$, $K^\mp \pi^\pm$, $K_S^0 \pi^0$, $K_S^0 \eta$, $K_S^0 \eta^\prime$. Our results are consistent with previous measurements within uncertainties. Among them, the branching fractions for $D^+\to\pi^+\pi^0$, $K^+\pi^0$, $\pi^+\eta$, $\pi^+\eta^\prime$, $K_S^0 \pi^+$, $K_S^0 K^+$ and $D^0 \to K_S^0 \pi^0$, $K_S^0 \eta$, $K_S^0 \eta^\prime$ are determined with improved precision compared to the world average values.
- Feb 06 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1802.01216v1We investigate the process $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow K\bar{K}J/\psi$ at center-of-mass energies from 4.189 to 4.600 GeV using 4.7 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider. The Born cross sections for the reactions $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow K^{+}K^{-}J/\psi$ and $K_{S}^{0} K_{S}^{0} J/\psi$ are measured as a function of center-of-mass energy. The energy dependence of the cross section for $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow K^{+}K^{-}J/\psi$ is shown to differ from that for $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}J/\psi$ in the region around the $Y(4260)$. In addition, there is evidence for a structure around 4.5 GeV in the $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow K^{+}K^{-}J/\psi$ cross section that is not present in $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}J/\psi$.
- Feb 05 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1802.00583v2We report the first observation of $a^{0}_{0}(980)$-$f_{0}(980)$ mixing in the decays of $J/\psi\to\phi f_{0}(980)\to\phi a^{0}_{0}(980)\to\phi\eta\pi^{0}$ and $\chi_{c1}\to a^{0}_{0}(980)\pi^{0}\to f_{0}(980)\pi^{0}\to\pi^{+}\pi^{-}\pi^{0}$, using data samples of $1.31\times10^{9}$ $J/\psi$ events and $4.48\times10^{8}$ $\psi(3686)$ events accumulated with the BESIII detector. The signals of $f_{0}(980)\to a^{0}_{0}(980)$ and $a^{0}_{0}(980)\to f_{0}(980)$ mixing are observed with a statistical significance of $7.4\sigma$ and $5.5\sigma$, respectively. The corresponding branching fractions and mixing intensities are measured, and the constraint regions on the coupling constants, $g_{a_{0}K^{+}K^{-}}$ and $g_{f_{0}K^{+}K^{-}}$, are estimated. The results improve the understanding of the nature of $a^{0}_{0}(980)$ and $f_{0}(980)$.
- Feb 01 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1801.10384v1Using a data sample of $e^+e^-$ collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 108 pb$^{-1}$ collected with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of 2.125 GeV, we study the process $e^+e^-\rightarrow \phi\pi\pi$, and search for a strangeonium-like structure $Z_s$ decaying into $\phi \pi$. No signal is observed in the $\phi\pi$ mass spectrum around 1.4 GeV/$c^2$. Upper limits on the cross sections for $Z_s$ production at the 90\% confidence level are determined. In addition, the cross sections of $e^+e^-\rightarrow\phi\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ and $e^+e^-\rightarrow \phi\pi^{0}\pi^{0}$ at 2.125 GeV are measured to be $(343.0\pm5.1\pm25.1)$ pb and $(208.3\pm7.6\pm13.5)$ pb, respectively, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.
- Jan 19 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1801.05988v2By analyzing a data sample of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ collected at $\sqrt s=$ 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII storage rings, we measure the branching fractions ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to\omega\eta)=(2.15\pm0.17_{\rm stat.}\pm0.15_{\rm sys.})\times 10^{-3}$, ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to\eta\pi^0)=(0.58\pm0.05_{\rm stat.}\pm0.05_{\rm sys.})\times 10^{-3}$, ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to\eta^\prime\pi^0)=(0.93\pm0.11_{\rm stat.}\pm0.09_{\rm sys.})\times 10^{-3}$, ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to\eta\eta)=(2.20\pm0.07_{\rm stat.}\pm0.06_{\rm sys.})\times 10^{-3}$ and ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to\eta^\prime\eta)=(0.94\pm0.25_{\rm stat.}\pm0.11_{\rm sys.})\times 10^{-3}$. We note that ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to \omega\eta)$ is measured for the first time and that ${\mathcal B}(D^0\to \eta\eta)$ is measured with much improved precision.
- Jan 16 2018 physics.ins-det hep-ex arXiv:1801.04838v2Neutron production in lead by cosmic muons has been studied with a Gadolinium doped liquid scintillator detector. The detector was installed next to the Muon-Induced Neutron Indirect Detection EXperiment (MINIDEX), permanently located in the Tübingen shallow underground laboratory where the mean muon energy is approximately 7 GeV. The MINIDEX plastic scintillators were used to tag muons; the neutrons were detected through neutron capture and neutron-induced nuclear recoil signals in the liquid scintillator detector. Results on the rates of observed neutron captures and nuclear recoils are presented and compared to predictions from GEANT4-9.6 and GEANT4-10.3. The predicted rates are significantly too low for both versions of GEANT4. For neutron capture events, the observation exceeds the predictions by factors of $ 1.65\,\pm\,0.02\,\textrm{(stat.)}\,\pm\,0.07\,\textrm{(syst.)} $ and $ 2.58\,\pm\,0.03\,\textrm{(stat.)}\,\pm\,0.11\,\textrm{(syst.)} $ for GEANT4-9.6 and GEANT4-10.3, respectively. For neutron nuclear recoil events, which require neutron energies above approximately 5 MeV, the factors are even larger, $ 2.22\,\pm\,0.05\,\textrm{(stat.)}\,\pm\,0.25\,\textrm{(syst.)} $ and $ 3.76\,\pm\,0.09\,\textrm{(stat.)}\,\pm\,0.41\,\textrm{(syst.)} $, respectively. Also presented is the first statistically significant measurement of the spectrum of neutrons induced by cosmic muons in lead between 5 and 40 MeV. It was obtained by unfolding the nuclear recoil spectrum. The observed neutron spectrum is harder than predicted by GEANT4. An investigation of the distribution of the time difference between muon tags and nuclear recoil signals confirms the validity of the unfolding procedure and shows that GEANT4 cannot properly describe the time distribution of nuclear recoil events. In general, the description of the data is worse for GEANT4-10.3 than for GEANT4-9.6.
- Jan 12 2018 physics.ins-det hep-ex arXiv:1801.03620v2A measurement is reported for the response to charged particles of a liquid scintillator named EJ-335 doped with 0.5% gadolinium by weight. This liquid scintillator was used as the detection medium in a neutron detector. The measurement is based on the in-situ $\alpha$-particles from the intrinsic Uranium and Thorium contamination in the scintillator. The $\beta$-$\alpha$ and the $\alpha$-$\alpha$ cascade decays from the U/Th decay chains were used to select $\alpha$-particles. The contamination levels of U/Th were consequently measured to be $(5.54\pm0.15)\times 10^{-11}$ g/g, $(1.45\pm0.01)\times 10^{-10}$ g/g and $(1.07\pm0.01)\times 10^{-11}$ g/g for $^{232}$Th, $^{238}$U and $^{235}$U, respectively, assuming secular equilibrium. The stopping power of $\alpha$-particles in the liquid scintillator was simulated by the TRIM software. Then the Birks constant, $kB$, of the scintillator for $\alpha$-particles was determined to be $(7.28\pm0.23)$ mg/(cm$^{2}\cdot$MeV) by Birks' formulation. The response for protons is also presented assuming the $kB$ constant is the same as for $\alpha$-particles.
- Jan 11 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1801.03485v2Using a data sample of $448.1\times10^6$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII, we perform search for the hadronic transition $h_c\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-J/\psi$ via $\psi(3686)\rightarrow\pi^0h_c$. No signals of the transition are observed, and the upper limit on the product branching fraction $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686)\rightarrow\pi^0h_c)\mathcal{B}(h_c\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-J/\psi)$ at the 90% confidence level is determined to be $2.0\times10^{-6}$. This is the most stringent upper limit to date.
- Jan 09 2018 hep-ex arXiv:1801.02127v1The decay $J/\psi \rightarrow \gamma \gamma \phi$ is studied using a sample of $1.31 \times10^{9}$ $J/\psi$ events collected with the BESIII detector. Two structures around 1475 MeV/c$^2$ and 1835 MeV/c$^2$ are observed in the $\gamma \phi$ invariant mass spectrum for the first time. With a fit on the $\gamma \phi$ invariant mass, which takes into account the interference between the two structures, and a simple analysis of the angular distribution, the structure around 1475 MeV/c$^2$ is found to favor an assignment as the $\eta(1475)$ and the mass and width for the structure around 1835 MeV/c$^2$ are consistent with the $X(1835)$. The statistical significances of the two structures are $13.5 \sigma$ and $6.3 \sigma$, respectively. The results indicate that both $\eta(1475)$ and $X(1835)$ contain a sizeable $s\bar{s}$ component.
- Dec 27 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1712.09240v2Using a data sample collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=4.600$ GeV, we search for the production of $e^{+}e^{-} \to \phi\chi_{c0,1,2}$ and the charmonium-like state $Y(4140)$ in the radiative transition $e^{+}e^{-} \to \gamma Y(4140)$ with $Y(4140)$ subsequently decaying into $\phi J/\psi$. The processes $e^{+}e^{-} \to \phi\chi_{c1}$ and $\phi\chi_{c2}$ are observed for the first time, each with a statistical significance of more than 10\sigma, and the Born cross sections are measured to be $(4.2^{+1.7}_{-1.0}\pm 0.3)$ pb and $(6.7^{+3.4}_{-1.7}\pm 0.5)$ pb, respectively, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. No significant signals are observed for $e^{+}e^{-} \to \phi\chi_{c0}$ and $e^{+}e^{-} \to \gamma Y(4140)$ and upper limits on the Born cross sections at $90\%$ confidence level are provided at $\sqrt{s}=4.600$ GeV.
- Dec 19 2017 hep-ex physics.ins-det arXiv:1712.06046v1The China Dark Matter Experiment (CDEX) aims at direct searches of light Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) at the China Jinping Underground Laboratory (CJPL) with an overburden of about 2400m rock. Results from a prototype CDEX-1 994 g p-type Point Contact Germanium(pPCGe) detector are reported. Research programs are pursued to further reduce the physics threshold by improving hardware and data analysis. The CDEX-10 experiment with a pPCGe array of 10 kg target mass range is being tested. The evolution of CDEX program into "CDEX-1T Experiment" with ton-scale germanium detector arrays will also be introduced in this study.
- Dec 06 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1712.01525v2Using a low background data sample of $9.7\times10^{5}$ $J\psi\rightarrow\gamma\eta^\prime$, $\eta^\prime\rightarrow\gamma\pi^+\pi^-$ events recorded with the BESIII detector at BEPCII, the decay dynamics of $\eta^\prime\rightarrow\gamma\pi^+\pi^-$ are studied with both model-dependent and -independent approaches. The contributions of $\omega$ and the $\rho(770)-\omega$ interference are observed for the first time in both approaches. Additionally, a contribution from the box anomaly or the $\rho(1450)$ resonance is required in the model-dependent approach, while the process specific part of the decay amplitude is determined in the model-independent approach.
- High energy cosmic ray electrons plus positrons (CREs), which lose energy quickly during their propagation, provide an ideal probe of Galactic high-energy processes and may enable the observation of phenomena such as dark-matter particle annihilation or decay. The CRE spectrum has been directly measured up to $\sim 2$ TeV in previous balloon- or space-borne experiments, and indirectly up to $\sim 5$ TeV by ground-based Cherenkov $\gamma$-ray telescope arrays. Evidence for a spectral break in the TeV energy range has been provided by indirect measurements of H.E.S.S., although the results were qualified by sizeable systematic uncertainties. Here we report a direct measurement of CREs in the energy range $25~{\rm GeV}-4.6~{\rm TeV}$ by the DArk Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE) with unprecedentedly high energy resolution and low background. The majority of the spectrum can be properly fitted by a smoothly broken power-law model rather than a single power-law model. The direct detection of a spectral break at $E \sim0.9$ TeV confirms the evidence found by H.E.S.S., clarifies the behavior of the CRE spectrum at energies above 1 TeV and sheds light on the physical origin of the sub-TeV CREs.
- Nov 23 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1711.08293v1The process $e^+ e^- \to D_{s}^{*+} D_{s0}^{*-}(2317)+c.c.$ is observed for the first time with the data sample of 567~pb$^{-1}$ collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 4.6$~GeV. The statistical significance of the $D_{s0}^{*-}(2317)$ signal is $5.8\sigma$ and the mass is measured to be ($2318.3\pm 1.2\pm 1.2$)~MeV/$c^{2}$. The absolute branching fraction $\mathcal{B}(D_{s0}^{*-}(2317)\to \pi^0 D_{s}^{-})$ is measured as $1.00^{+0.00}_{-0.14}\pm 0.14$ for the first time. The uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively.
- The Circular Electron-Positron Collider (CEPC) is a future Higgs factory proposed by the Chinese high energy physics community. It will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240-250 GeV and is expected to accumulate an integrated luminosity of 5 ab$^{\rm{-1}}$ with ten years of operation. At CEPC, Higgs bosons are dominantly produced from $ZH$ associated process. Vast amount of Higgs events collected will enable precise studies of its properties including Yukawa couplings to massive particles. With \sc GEANT4-based simulation of detector effects, we study CEPC feasibility on measuring Higgs boson decaying into a pair of muons. The results with or without information from Z boson decay products are provided, which show a signal significance of over 10 standard deviations can be achieved and the H-$\mathrm{\mu}$-$\mathrm{\mu}$ coupling can be measured within $10\%$ accuracy.
- The exclusive Born cross sections of the production of $D^0$, $D^+$ and $D_s^+$ mesons in $e^+e^-$ annihilation at 13 energy points between 3.970 and 4.260 GeV are obtained by applying corrections for initial state radiation and vacuum polarization to the observed cross sections measured by CLEO-c experiment. Both the statistical and the systematic uncertainties for the obtained Born cross sections are properly estimated.
- Oct 31 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1710.10740v1Using $e^{+}e^{-}$ collision data collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.2 $fb^{-1}$ at center-of-mass energies ($\sqrt{s}$) from 4.009 to 4.600 GeV, the process $e^{+}e^{-} \to \pi^{0} \pi^{0}\psi(3686)$ is studied for the first time. The corresponding Born cross sections are measured and found to be half of those of the reaction $e^{+}e^{-} \to \pi^{+}\pi^{-}\psi(3686)$. This is consistent with the expectation from isospin symmetry. Furthermore, the Dalitz plots for $\pi^{0}\pi^{0}\psi(3686)$ are accordant with those of $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}\psi(3686)$ at all energy points, and a neutral analogue to the structure in $\pi^\pm \psi(3686)$ around 4040 MeV/$c^{2}$ first observed at $\sqrt{s}$=4.416 GeV is observed in the isospin neutral mode at the same energy.
- Oct 19 2017 hep-ex physics.ins-det arXiv:1710.06650v1We report results of a search for light weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) dark matter from CDEX-1 experiment at the China Jinping Underground Laboratory (CJPL). Constraints on WIMP-nucleon spin-independent (SI) and spin-dependent (SD) couplings are derived with a physics threshold of 160 eVee, from an exposure of 737.1 kg-days. The SI and SD limits extend the lower reach of light WIMPs to 2 GeV and improve over our earlier bounds at WIMPs mass less than 6 GeV.
- Oct 17 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1710.05738v2Using a sample of $1.31 \times 10^{9}$ $J/\psi$ events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we study the decays of $J/\psi \rightarrow K_S K_L$ and $K_S K_S$. The branching fraction of$J/\psi\rightarrow K_S K_L$ is determined to be ${\cal B}(J/\psi \rightarrow K_S K_L)=(1.93\pm0.01~(\rm{stat.})\pm0.05~(\rm{syst.}))\times10^{-4}$, which significantly improves on previous measurements. No clear signal is observed for the $J/\psi \rightarrow K_S K_S$ process, and the upper limit at the 95% confidence level for its branching fraction is determined to be ${\cal B}(J/\psi \rightarrow K_S K_S)<1.4\times10^{-8}$, which improves on the previous searches by two orders in magnitude and reaches the order of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen expectation.
- Oct 09 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1710.02278v1Using the data samples of $(1310.6\pm7.2 )\times 10^{6}$ $J/\psi$ events and $(448.1\pm2.9)\times 10^{6}$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector, we search for the rare decays $J/\psi \to D^{0} e^{+}e^{-} +c.c.$ and $\psi(3686) \to D^{0} e^{+}e^{-} +c.c.$. No significant signals are observed and the corresponding upper limits on the branching fractions at the $90\%$ confidence level are determined to be $Br(J/\psi \to D^{0} e^{+}e^{-} +c.c.)< 8.5\times 10^{-8}$ and $Br (\psi(3686) \to D^{0} e^{+}e^{-} +c.c.)<1.4\times 10^{-7}$, respectively. Our limit on $Br(J/\psi \to D^{0} e^{+}e^{-} +c.c.)$ is more stringent by two orders of magnitude than the previous results, and the $Br(\psi(3686) \to D^{0} e^{+}e^{-} +c.c.)$ is measured for the first time.
- Oct 03 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1710.00150v2The Born cross section of the $e^{+}e^{-}~\rightarrow~\Lambda_{c}^{+} \bar{\Lambda}_{c}^{-}$ process is measured with unprecedented precision using data collected with the BESIII detector at $\sqrt{s}=4574.5$, $45580.0$, $4590.0$ and $4599.5$ $\mathrm{MeV}$. The non-zero cross section near the $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \bar{\Lambda}_{c}^{-}$ production threshold is discerned. At center-of-mass energies $\sqrt{s}=4574.5$ and $4599.5 $ $\mathrm{MeV}$, the higher statistics data enable us to measure the $\Lambda_{c}$ polar angle distributions. From these, the ratio between the $\Lambda_{c}$ electric and magnetic form factors ($|G_{E}/G_{M}|$) is measured for the first time. They are found to be $1.14\pm0.14\pm0.07$ and $1.23\pm0.05\pm0.03$ respectively, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic.
- Oct 02 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1709.10236v2The process $e^{+}e^{-}\rightarrow\Lambda\bar{\Lambda}$ is studied using data samples at $\sqrt{s}=2.2324$, 2.400, 2.800 and 3.080$\sim$GeV collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider. The Born cross section is measured at $\sqrt{s}$=2.2324$\sim$GeV, which is 1.0$\sim$MeV above the $\Lambda\bar{\Lambda}$ mass threshold, to be $305\pm45^{+66}_{-36}$~pb, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The substantial cross section near threshold is significantly larger than that expected from theory, which predicts the cross section to vanish at threshold. The Born cross sections at $\sqrt{s}$=2.400, 2.800 and 3.080$\sim$GeV are measured and found to be consistent with previous experimental results, but with improved precision. Finally, the corresponding effective electromagnetic form factors of $Lambda$ are deduced.
- Sep 21 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1709.06742v1Based on $448.1 \times 10^6$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector, the decays $\psi(3686)\to\gamma\chi_{cJ}, \chi_{cJ} \to \gamma\gamma~(J=0, 1, 2)$ are studied. The decay branching fractions of $\chi_{c0,c2} \to \gamma\gamma$ are measured to be $\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c0}\to\gamma\gamma) = (1.93 \pm 0.08 \pm 0.05 \pm 0.05)\times 10^{-4}$ and $\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c2}\to\gamma\gamma) = (3.10 \pm 0.09 \pm 0.07 \pm 0.11)\times 10^{-4} $, which correspond to two-photon decay widths of $\Gamma_{\gamma\gamma}(\chi_{c0}) = 2.03 \pm 0.08 \pm 0.06 \pm 0.13 ~\rm{keV}$ and $\Gamma_{\gamma\gamma}(\chi_{c2}) = 0.60 \pm 0.02 \pm 0.01 \pm 0.04 ~\rm{keV}$ with a ratio of $\mathcal{R}=\Gamma_{\gamma\gamma}(\chi_{c2})/\Gamma_{\gamma\gamma}(\chi_{c0})= 0.295 \pm 0.014 \pm 0.007 \pm 0.027$, where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic and associated with the uncertainties of $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686)\to\gamma\chi_{c0,c2})$ and the total widths $\Gamma(\chi_{c0,c2})$, respectively. For the forbidden decay of $\chi_{c1}\to\gamma\gamma$, no signal is observed, and an upper limit on the two-photon width is obtained to be $\Gamma_{\gamma\gamma}(\chi_{c1})<5.3 ~\rm{eV}$ at the 90\% confidence level. The ratio of the two-photon widths between helicity-zero and helicity-two components in the decay $\chi_{c2}\to\gamma\gamma$ is also measured to be $f_{0/2} = \Gamma^{\lambda=0}_{\gamma\gamma}(\chi_{c2})/\Gamma^{\lambda=2}_{\gamma\gamma}(\chi_{c2}) = (0.0 \pm 0.6 \pm 1.2)\times 10^{-2}$, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively.
- The QCD axion's coupling to photons is often assumed to lie in a narrow band as a function of the axion mass. We demonstrate that several simple mechanisms, in addition to the photophilic clockwork axion already in the literature, can significantly extend the allowed range of couplings. Some mechanisms we present generalize the KNP alignment scenario, widely studied as a model of inflation, to the phenomenology of a QCD axion. In particular we present KSVZ-like realizations of two-axion KNP alignment and of the clockwork mechanism. Such a "confinement tower" realization of clockwork may prove useful in a variety of model-building contexts. We also show that kinetic mixing of the QCD axion with a lighter axion-like particle can dramatically alter the QCD axion's coupling to photons, differing from the other models we present by allowing non-quantized couplings. The simple models that we present fully cover the range of axion-photon couplings that could be probed by experiments. They motivate growing axion detection efforts over a wide space of masses and couplings.
- Sep 15 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1709.04627v2Based on a sample of $1.31\times10^9$ $J/\psi$ events collected with the BESIII detector, the matrix elements for the decays $\eta^{\prime}\to\eta\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ and $\eta^{\prime}\to\eta \pi^{0}\pi^{0}$ are determined using 351,016 $\eta^{\prime}\to(\eta\to\gamma\gamma)\pi^+\pi^-$ and 56,249 $\eta^{\prime}\to(\eta\to\gamma\gamma)\pi^0\pi^0$ events with background levels less than 1\%. Two commonly used representations are used to describe the Dalitz plot density. We find that an assumption of a linear amplitude does not describe the data well. A small deviation of the obtained matrix elements between $\eta^{\prime}\to\eta\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ and $\eta^{\prime}\to\eta \pi^{0}\pi^{0}$ is probably caused by the mass difference between charged and neutral pions or radiative corrections. No cusp structure in $\eta^{\prime}\to\eta \pi^{0}\pi^{0}$ is observed.
- Sep 14 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1709.04323v1The state $Y(2175)$ is observed in the process $e^+ e^- \to \eta Y(2175)$ at center-of-mass energies between 3.7 and 4.6$\sim$GeV with a statistical significance larger than $10\sigma$ using data collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring. This is the first observation of the $Y(2175)$ in this process. The mass and width of the $Y(2175)$ are determined to be ($2135\pm 8\pm 9$)~MeV/$c^2$ and ($104\pm 24\pm 12$)~MeV, respectively, and the production cross section of $e^+ e^- \to \eta Y(2175)\to \eta\phi f_{0}(980)\to \eta\phi \pi^+ \pi^-$ is at a several hundred femtobarn level. No significant signal for the process $e^+ e^- \to \eta' Y(2175)$ is observed and the upper limit on $\sigma(e^+ e^- \to \eta' Y(2175))/\sigma(e^+ e^- \to \eta Y(2175))$ is estimated to be 0.43 at the 90\% confidence level. We also search for $\psi(3686) \to \eta Y(2175)$. No significant signal is observed, indicating a strong suppression relative to the corresponding $J/\psi$ decay, in violation of the "12\% rule."
- Sep 13 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1709.03680v1By analyzing 482 pb$^{-1}$ of $e^+e^-$ collision data collected at the center-of-mass energy $\sqrt s=4.009$ GeV with the BESIII detector, we measure the %absolute branching fractions for the semi-leptonic decays $D_{s}^{+}\to \phi e^{+}\nu_{e}$, $\phi \mu^{+}\nu_{\mu}$, $\eta \mu^{+}\nu_{\mu}$ and $\eta'\mu^{+}\nu_{\mu}$ to be ${\mathcal B}(D_{s}^{+}\to\phi e^{+}\nu_{e})=(2.26\pm0.45\pm0.09)$\%, ${\mathcal B}(D_{s}^{+}\to\phi \mu^{+}\nu_{\mu})=(1.94\pm0.53\pm0.09)$\%, ${\mathcal B}(D_{s}^{+}\to\eta \mu^{+}\nu_{\mu})=(2.42\pm0.46\pm0.11)$\% and ${\mathcal B}(D_{s}^{+}\to\eta'\mu^{+} \nu_{\mu}) = (1.06\pm0.54\pm0.07)$\%, where the first and second uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The branching fractions for the three semi-muonic decays $D_s^+\to\phi \mu^+\nu_\mu, \eta \mu^+\nu_\mu$ and $\eta' \mu^+\nu_\mu$ are determined for the first time and that of $D^+_s\to \phi e^+\nu_e$ is consistent with the world average value within uncertainties.
- Sep 13 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1709.03653v1The numbers of $\psi(3686)$ events accumulated by the BESIII detector for the two rounds of data taking during 2009 and 2012 are determined to be $(107.0\pm0.8)\times 10^6$ and $(341.1\pm 2.1)\times 10^6$, respectively, by counting inclusive hadronic events, where the uncertainty is dominated by systematics and the statistical uncertainty is negligible. The number of events for the sample taken in 2009 is consistent with that of the previous measurement. The total number of $\psi(3686)$ events for the two data-taking periods is $(448.1\pm2.9)\times10^6$.
- Sep 04 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1709.00018v3Using the data samples of $1.31\times 10^9$ $J/\psi$ events and $4.48\times 10^8$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector, partial wave analyses on the decays $J/\psi$ and $\psi(3686) \to \pi^+\pi^-\eta^\prime$ are performed with a relativistic covariant tensor amplitude approach. The dominant contribution is found to be $J/\psi$ and $\psi(3686)$ decays to $\rho\eta^\prime$. In the $J/\psi$ decay, the branching fraction ${\cal B}(J/\psi\to \rho\eta^\prime)$ is determined to be $(7.90\pm0.19(\mathrm{stat})\pm0.49(\mathrm{sys}))\times 10^{-5}$. Two solutions are found in the $\psi(3686)$ decay, and the corresponding branching fraction ${\cal B}(\psi(3686)\to \rho\eta^\prime)$ is $(1.02\pm0.11(\mathrm{stat})\pm0.24(\mathrm{sys}))\times 10^{-5}$ for the case of constructive interference, and $(5.69\pm1.28(\mathrm{stat})\pm2.36(\mathrm{sys}))\times 10^{-6}$ for destructive interference. As a consequence, the ratios of branching fractions between $\psi(3686)$ and $J/\psi$ decays to $\rho\eta^\prime$ are calculated to be $(12.9\pm1.4(\mathrm{stat})\pm3.1(\mathrm{sys}))$\% and $(7.2\pm1.6(\mathrm{stat})\pm3.0(\mathrm{sys}))$\%, respectively. We also determine the inclusive branching fractions of $J/\psi$ and $\psi(3686)$ decays to $\pi^+\pi^-\eta^\prime$ to be $(1.36\pm0.02(\mathrm{stat})\pm0.08(\mathrm{sys}))\times 10^{-4}$ and $(1.51\pm0.14(\mathrm{stat})\pm 0.23(\mathrm{sys}))\times 10^{-5}$, respectively.
- Aug 24 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1708.06856v1We search for the rare decay $D^+\to D^0 e^+\nu_{e}$, using a data set with an integrated luminosity of 2.93 $\rm fb^{-1}$ collected at $\sqrt{s}=3.773$ GeV with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage rings. No signals are observed. We set the upper limit on the branching fraction for $D^+\to D^0 e^+\nu_e$ to be $1.0\times 10^{-4}$ at the 90\% confidence level.
- Aug 11 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1708.03103v1Using a data sample of $448\times10^{6}$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring, the decays $\psi(3686)\rightarrow\gamma\eta$ and $\psi(3686)\rightarrow\gamma\pi^{0}$ are observed with a statistical significance of $7.3\sigma$ and $ 6.7\sigma$, respectively. The branching fractions are measured to be $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686)\rightarrow\gamma\eta)=(0.85\pm0.18\pm0.05)\times10^{-6}$ and $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686)\rightarrow\gamma\pi^{0})=(0.95\pm0.16\pm0.05)\times10^{-6}$. In addition, we measure the branching fraction of $\psi(3686)\rightarrow\gamma\eta'$ to be $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686)\rightarrow\gamma\eta')=(125.1\pm2.2\pm6.2)\times 10^{-6}$, with improved precision compared to previous results.
- Jul 25 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1707.07042v2Using a sample of $447.9\times 10^6$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector in 2009 and 2012, we study the decays $\chi_{c0,2}\to$ $\eta'\eta'$ and $\eta\eta'$. The decays $\chi_{c2}\to\eta'\eta'$, $\chi_{c0}\to\eta\eta'$ and $\chi_{c2}\to\eta\eta'$ are observed for the first time with statistical significances of $9.6\sigma$, $13.4\sigma$ and $7.5\sigma$, respectively. The branching fractions are determined to be $\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c0}\to\eta'\eta') =(2.19\pm0.03\pm0.14)\times10^{-3}$, $\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c2}\to\eta'\eta') = (4.76\pm0.56\pm0.38)\times10^{-5}$, $\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c0}\to\eta\eta') = (8.92\pm0.84\pm0.65)\times10^{-5}$ and $\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c2}\to\eta\eta') = (2.27\pm0.43\pm0.25)\times10^{-5}$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. The precision for the measurement of $\mathcal{B}(\chi_{c0}\to\eta'\eta')$ is significantly improved compared to previous measurements. Based on the measured branching fractions, the role played by the doubly and singly Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka disconnected transition amplitudes for $\chi_{c0,2}$ decays into pseudoscalar meson pairs can be clarified.
- Jul 18 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1707.05178v2Using a sample of $448.1\times10^{6}$ $\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector, a search for the isospin violating decay $\eta_{c}\to\pi^{+}\pi^{-}\pi^{0}$ via $\psi(3686)\to\gamma\eta_{c}$ is presented. No signal is observed, and the upper limit on $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686)\to \gamma\eta_{c}\to \gamma\pi^{+}\pi^{-}\pi^{0} )$ is determined to be $1.6\times10^{-6}$ at the $90\%$ confidence level. In addition, a search for $\eta(1405)\to f_{0}(980)\pi^{0}$ in $\psi(3686)$ radiative decays is performed. No signal is observed, and the branching fraction $\mathcal{B}(\psi(3686)\to\gamma\eta(1405)\to \gamma f_{0}(980)\pi^{0}\to\gamma \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0 )$ is calculated to be less than $ 5.0\times10^{-7}$ at the $90\%$ confidence level.
- The DArk Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE), one of the four scientific space science missions within the framework of the Strategic Pioneer Program on Space Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is a general purpose high energy cosmic-ray and gamma-ray observatory, which was successfully launched on December 17th, 2015 from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. The DAMPE scientific objectives include the study of galactic cosmic rays up to $\sim 10$ TeV and hundreds of TeV for electrons/gammas and nuclei respectively, and the search for dark matter signatures in their spectra. In this paper we illustrate the layout of the DAMPE instrument, and discuss the results of beam tests and calibrations performed on ground. Finally we present the expected performance in space and give an overview of the mission key scientific goals.
- Jun 26 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1706.07490v3Using data samples collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider at six center-of-mass energies between 4.008 and 4.600 GeV, we observe the processes $e^+e^-\rightarrow \phi\phi\omega$ and $e^+e^-\rightarrow \phi\phi\phi$. The Born cross sections are measured and the ratio of the cross sections $\sigma(e^+e^-\rightarrow \phi\phi\omega)/\sigma(e^+e^-\rightarrow \phi\phi\phi)$ is estimated to be $1.75\pm0.22\pm0.19$ averaged over six energy points, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The results represent first measurements of these interactions.
- We report on the measurements of the fluxes and spectra of the environmental fast neutron background at the China Jinping Underground Laboratory (CJPL) with a rock overburden of about 6700 meters water equivalent, using a liquid scintillator detector doped with 0.5% gadolinium. The signature of a prompt nuclear recoil followed by a delayed high energy $\gamma$-ray cascade is used to identify neutron events. The large energy deposition of the delayed $\gamma$-rays from the $(n, \gamma)$ reaction on gadolinium, together with the excellent n-$\gamma$ discrimination capability provides a powerful background suppression which allows the measurement of a low intensity neutron flux. The neutron flux of $(1.51\pm0.03(stat.)\pm0.10(syst.))\times10^{-7}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ in the energy range of 1 -- 10 MeV in the Hall A of CJPL was measured based on 356 days of data. In the same energy region, measurement with the same detector placed in a one meter thick polyethylene room gives a significantly lower flux of $(4.9\pm0.9(stat.)\pm0.5(syst.))\times10^{-9}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ with 174 days of data. This represents a measurement of the lowest environmental fast neutron background among the underground laboratories in the world, prior to additional experiment-specific attenuation. Additionally, the fast neutron spectra both in the Hall A and the polyethylene room were reconstructed with the help of GEANT4 simulation.
- Jun 14 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1706.04100v1The spin and parity of the $Z_c(3900)^\pm$ state are determined to be $J^P=1^+$ with a statistical significance larger than $7\sigma$ over other quantum numbers in a partial wave analysis of the process $e^+e^-\to \pi^+\pi^-J/\psi$. We use a data sample of 1.92 fb$^{-1}$ accumulated at $\sqrt{s}=4.23$ and 4.26 GeV with the BESIII experiment. When parameterizing the $Z_c(3900)^\pm$ with a Flatte-like formula, we determine its pole mass $M_\textrm{pole}=(3881.2\pm4.2_\textrm{stat}\pm52.7_\textrm{syst})\textrm{MeV}/c^2$ and pole width $\Gamma_\textrm{pole}=(51.8\pm4.6_\textrm{stat}\pm36.0_\textrm{syst})\textrm{MeV}$. We also measure cross sections for the process $e^+e^-\to Z_c(3900)^+\pi^-+c.c.\to J/\psi\pi^+\pi^-$ and determine an upper limit at the 90\% confidence level for the process $e^+e^-\to Z_c(4020)^+\pi^-+c.c.\to J/\psi\pi^+\pi^-$.
- Jun 01 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1705.11109v1We report the first observation of the decay $\Lambda^+_{c}\rightarrow \Sigma^- \pi^+\pi^+\pi^0$, based on data obtained in $e^+e^-$ annihilations with an integrated luminosity of 567~pb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}=4.6$~GeV. The data were collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage rings. The absolute branching fraction $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda^+_{c}\rightarrow\Sigma^-\pi^+\pi^+\pi^0)$ is determined to be $(2.11\pm0.33({\rm stat.})\pm0.14({\rm syst.}))\%$. In addition, an improved measurement of $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda^+_{c}\rightarrow\Sigma^-\pi^+\pi^+)$ is determined as $(1.81\pm0.17({\rm stat.})\pm0.09({\rm syst.}))\%$.
- May 30 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1705.09722v4To study the nature of the state $Y(2175)$, a dedicated data set of $e^+e^-$ collision data was collected at the center-of-mass energy of 2.125 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider. By analyzing large-angle Bhabha scattering events, the integrated luminosity of this data set is determined to be $108.49\pm0.02\pm0.85$ pb$^{-1}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second one is systematic. In addition, the center-of-mass energy of the data set is determined with radiative dimuon events to be $2126.55\pm0.03\pm0.85$ MeV, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second one is systematic.
- May 22 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1705.06853v1We present first evidence for the process $e^+e^-\to \gamma\eta_c(1S)$ at six center-of-mass energies between 4.01 and 4.60~GeV using data collected by the BESIII experiment operating at BEPCII. These data sets correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 4.6~fb$^{-1}$. We measure the Born cross section at each energy using a combination of twelve $\eta_c(1S)$ decay channels. Because the significance of the signal is marginal at each energy ($\le3.0\sigma$), we also combine all six energies under various assumptions for the energy-dependence of the cross section. If the process is assumed to proceed via the $Y(4260)$, we measure a peak Born cross section $\sigma_{\mathrm{ peak}}(e^+e^-\to\gamma\eta_c(1S)) = 2.11 \pm 0.49 (\mathrm{stat.}) \pm 0.36 (\mathrm{syst.})$~pb with a statistical significance of 4.2$\sigma$.
- The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a future Higgs factory proposed by the Chinese high energy physics community. It will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240-250 GeV. The CEPC will accumulate an integrated luminosity of 5 ab$^{\rm{-1}}$ in ten years' operation. With GEANT4-based full simulation samples for CEPC, Higgs boson decaying into electron pair is studied at the CEPC. The upper limit of ${\cal B}(H \rightarrow e^+ e^-)$ could reach 0.024\% at 95\% confidence level. The signal process is generated by MadGraph, with Initial State Radiation (ISR) implemented, as a first step to adjust MadGraph for a electron positron Collider.
- May 12 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1705.04265v2Using a data set of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ taken at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$ = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we perform a search for an extra U(1) gauge boson, also denoted as a dark photon. We examine the initial state radiation reactions $e^+e^-\rightarrow e^+e^-\gamma_{\rm ISR}$ and $e^+e^-\rightarrow \mu^+\mu^-\gamma_{\rm ISR}$ for this search, where the dark photon would appear as an enhancement in the invariant mass distribution of the leptonic pairs. We observe no obvious enhancement in the mass range between 1.5 and 3.4 GeV/$c^{2}$ and set a 90% confidence level upper limit on the mixing strength of the dark photon and the Standard Model photon. We obtain a competitive limit in the tested mass range.
- Stimulated by the BESIII observation of $X(2100)$, $X(2500)$, and $\eta(2225)$, we try to pin down new pseudoscalar meson nonets including these states. The analysis of mass spectra and the study of strong decays indicate that $X(2120)$ and $\eta(2225)$ associated with $\pi(2070)$ and the predicted kaon $K(2150)$ may form a new pseudoscalar meson nonet. In addition, more experimental data for $X(2100)$ are necessary to determine its structure of nonets. Then, $X(2500)$, $X(2370)$, $\pi(2360)$, and the predicted kaon $K(2414)$ can be grouped into another new nonet. These assignments to the discussed pseudoscalar states can be further tested in experiment.
- Apr 27 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1704.08033v3We observe for the first time the process $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow \eta h_c$ with data collected by the BESIII experiment. Significant signals are observed at the center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=4.226$ GeV, and the Born cross section is measured to be $(9.5^{+2.2}_{-2.0} \pm 2.7)$ pb. Evidence for $\eta h_c$ is observed at $\sqrt{s}=4.358$ GeV with a Born cross section of $(10.0^{+3.1}_{-2.7} \pm 2.6)$ pb, and upper limits on the production cross section at other center-of-mass energies between 4.085 and 4.600 GeV are determined.
- Mar 28 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1703.09084v1Using 2.93~fb$^{-1}$ of data taken at 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider, we study the semileptonic decays $D^+ \to \bar K^0e^+\nu_e$ and $D^+ \to \pi^0 e^+\nu_e$. We measure the absolute decay branching fractions $\mathcal B(D^+ \to \bar K^0e^+\nu_e)=(8.60\pm0.06\pm 0.15)\times10^{-2}$ and $\mathcal B(D^+ \to \pi^0e^+\nu_e)=(3.63\pm0.08\pm0.05)\times10^{-3}$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. We also measure the differential decay rates and study the form factors of these two decays. With the values of $|V_{cs}|$ and $|V_{cd}|$ from Particle Data Group fits assuming CKM unitarity, we obtain the values of the form factors at $q^2=0$, $f^K_+(0) = 0.725\pm0.004\pm 0.012$ and $f^{\pi}_+(0) = 0.622\pm0.012\pm 0.003$. Taking input from recent lattice QCD calculations of these form factors, we determine values of the CKM matrix elements $|V_{cs}|=0.944 \pm 0.005 \pm 0.015 \pm 0.024$ and $|V_{cd}|=0.210 \pm 0.004 \pm 0.001 \pm 0.009$, where the third uncertainties are theoretical.
- Mar 28 2017 physics.ins-det hep-ex arXiv:1703.09144v1In this Technical Design Report (TDR) we describe the LZ detector to be built at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF). The LZ dark matter experiment is designed to achieve sensitivity to a WIMP-nucleon spin-independent cross section of three times ten to the negative forty-eighth square centimeters.
- Mar 28 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1703.08787v3We study the process $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow \pi^{+}\pi^{-}\psi(3686)$ using 5.1 $fb^{-1}$ of data collected at 16 center-of-mass energy ($\sqrt{s}$) points from 4.008 to 4.600$\sim$GeV by the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider. The measured Born cross sections for $e^{+}e^{-}\rightarrow \pi^{+}\pi^{-}\psi(3686)$ are consistent with previous results, but with much improved precision. A fit to the cross section shows contributions from two structures: the first has $M=4209.5\pm7.4\pm1.4$$\sim$MeV/$c^{2}$ and $\Gamma=80.1\pm24.6\pm2.9$$\sim$MeV, and the second has $M=4383.8\pm4.2\pm0.8$$\sim$MeV/c$^{2}$ and $\Gamma=84.2\pm12.5\pm2.1$$\sim$MeV, where the first errors are statistical and the second systematic. The lower-mass resonance is observed in the process $e^{+}e^{-}\rightarrow \pi^{+}\pi^{-}\psi(3686)$ for the first time with a statistical significance of $5.8\sigma$. A charged charmonium-like structure is observed in the $\pi^{\pm}\psi(3686)$ invariant mass spectrum for data at $\sqrt{s} = 4.416~$GeV. A fit with an $S$-wave Breit-Wigner function yields a mass $M=4032.1\pm2.4$~$MeV$^2$, where the errors are statistical only. However, there are still unresolved discrepancies between the fit model and data. The width of the intermediate state varies in a wide range for different kinematic regions within the data set. Therefore no simple interpretation of the data has been found, and a future data sample with larger statistics and more theoretical input will be required to better understand this issue.
- We report the first result on Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decay from CDEX-1 experiment at China Jinping Underground Laboratory. A mass of 994 g p-type point-contact high purity germanium detector has been installed to search the neutrinoless double beta decay events, as well as to directly detect dark matter particles. An exposure of 304 kg*day has been analyzed. The wideband spectrum from 500 keV to 3 MeV was obtained and the average event rate at the 2.039 MeV energy range is about 0.012 count per keV per kg per day. The half-life of Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decay has been derived based on this result as: T 1/2 > 6.4*10^22 yr (90% C.L.). An upper limit on the effective Majorana-neutrino mass of 5.0 eV has been achieved. The possible methods to further decrease the background level have been discussed and will be pursued in the next stage of CDEX experiment.
- Mar 02 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1703.00077v2Using a sample of 106 million $\psi(3686)$ decays, the branching fractions of $\psi(3686) \to \gamma \chi_{c0}, \psi(3686) \to \gamma \chi_{c1}$, and $\psi(3686) \to \gamma \chi_{c2}$ are measured with improved precision to be $(9.389 \pm 0.014 \pm 0.332)\,\%$, $(9.905 \pm 0.011 \pm 0.353)\,\% $, and $(9.621 \pm 0.013 \pm 0.272)\,\% $, respectively, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones are systematic. The product branching fractions of $\psi(3686) \to \gamma \chi_{c1}, \chi_{c1} \to \gamma J/\psi$ and $\psi(3686) \to \gamma \chi_{c2}, \chi_{c2} \to \gamma J/\psi$ and the branching fractions of $\chi_{c1} \to \gamma J/\psi$ and $\chi_{c2} \to \gamma J/\psi$ are also presented.
- Feb 21 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1702.05837v2Using an electron-positron collision data sample of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ collected at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=3.773$ GeV with the BESIII detector, we present the first search for the radiative leptonic decay $D^{+} \rightarrow \gamma e^{+}{\nu}_{e}$. The analysis is performed with a double tag method. We do not observe a significant $D^{+} \rightarrow \gamma e^{+}{\nu}_{e}$ signal, and obtain an upper limit on the branching fraction of $D^{+} \rightarrow \gamma e^{+}{\nu}_{e}$ decay with the energy of radiative photon larger than 10 MeV of $3.0\times10^{-5}$ at the 90% confidence level.
- Feb 20 2017 hep-ex arXiv:1702.05279v3We study the singly-Cabibbo-suppressed decays $\Lambda_c^{+}\to p\eta$ and $\Lambda_{c}^{+}\to p\pi^{0}$ using $\Lambda_{c}^{+}\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ pairs produced by $e^+e^-$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 4.6\; GeV$. The data sample was collected by the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 567 $pb^{-1}$. We find the first evidence for the decay $\Lambda_{c}^{+}\to p \eta$ with a statistical significance of $4.2\sigma$ and measure its branching fraction to be $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda_c^+\to p\eta)= (1.24\pm0.28({\rm{stat.}})\pm0.10({\rm{syst.}}))\times10^{-3}$. No significant $\Lambda_c^+ \to p\pi^0$ signal is observed. We set an upper limit on its branching fraction $\mathcal{B}(\Lambda_c^+ \to p\pi^{0}) < 2.7 \times 10^{-4}$ at the 90% confidence level.
- Feb 17 2017 hep-ex physics.data-an arXiv:1702.04977v1By analyzing the large-angle Bhabha scattering events $e^{+}e^{-}$ $\to$ ($\gamma$)$e^{+}e^{-}$ and diphoton events $e^{+}e^{-}$ $\to$ $\gamma\gamma$ for the data sets collected at center-of-mass (c.m.) energies between 2.2324 and 4.5900 GeV (131 energy points in total) with the upgraded Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII) at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPCII), the integrated luminosities have been measured at the different c.m. energies, individually. The results are the important inputs for R value and $J/\psi$ resonance parameter measurements.
- ${\rm W}^\pm {\rm W}^\pm {\rm H}$ production at hadron colliders through vector boson scattering is a so far unconsidered process, which leads to a clean signature of two same-sign charged leptons and two widely separated jets. This process is sensitive to the ${\rm HHH}$ and ${\rm WWHH}$ couplings and any deviation of these couplings from their SM predictions serves as direct evidence of new physics beyond the SM. In this paper we perform a Monte Carlo study of this process for the $\sqrt{s}=14$ TeV LHC and a $100$ TeV pp-collider, and provide projections of the constraints on the triple-Higgs and ${\rm WWHH}$ quartic couplings for these environments. In particular, we consider the impact of pileup on the expected sensitivity in this channel. Our analysis demonstrates that although the sensitivity to the ${\rm HHH}$ coupling is rather low, the ${\rm WWHH}$ coupling can be constrained in this channel within $\sim 100\%$ and $\sim 20\%$ at 95\% confidence level around the SM prediction at the HL-LHC and a 100 TeV pp-collider, respectively.