results for au:Vieira_C in:cond-mat

- May 16 2018 cond-mat.stat-mech arXiv:1805.05892v1We investigate the dynamics of overdamped $D$-dimensional systems of particles repulsively interacting through short-ranged power-law potentials, $V(r)\sim r^{-\lambda}\;(\lambda/D>1)$. We show that such systems obey a non-linear diffusion equation, and that their stationary state extremizes a $q$-generalized nonadditive entropy. Here we focus on the dynamical evolution of these systems. Our first-principle $D=1,2$ many-body numerical simulations (based on Newton's law) confirm the predictions obtained from the time-dependent solution of the non-linear diffusion equation, and show that the one-particle space-distribution $P(x,t)$ appears to follow a compact-support $q$-Gaussian form, with $q=1-\lambda/D$. We also calculate the velocity distributions $P(v_x,t)$ and, interestingly enough, they follow the same $q$-Gaussian form (apparently precisely for $D=1$, and nearly so for $D=2$). The satisfactory match between the continuum description and the molecular dynamics simulations in a more general, time-dependent, framework neatly confirms the idea that the present dissipative systems indeed represent suitable applications of the $q$-generalized thermostatistical theory.
- Mar 01 2016 cond-mat.stat-mech arXiv:1602.09086v1We propose a general coarse-graining method to derive a continuity equation that describes any dissipative system of repulsive particles interacting through short-ranged potentials. In our approach, the effect of particle-particle correlations is incorporated to the overall balance of energy, and a non-linear diffusion equation is obtained to represent the overdamped dynamics. In particular, when the repulsive interaction potential is a short-ranged power-law, our approach reveals a distinctive correspondence between particle-particle energy and the generalized thermostatistics of Tsallis for any non-positive value of the entropic index q. Our methodology can also be applied to microscopic models of superconducting vortices and complex plasma, where particle-particle correlations are pronounced at low concentrations. The resulting continuum descriptions provide elucidating and useful insights on the microdynamical behavior of these physical systems. The consistency of our approach is demonstrated by comparison with molecular dynamics simulations.