results for au:Verma_M in:hep-th

- Feb 14 2018 hep-th arXiv:1802.04486v1We construct the integrated vertex operator for the first massive states of open superstrings with $(mass)^2=1/\alpha'$ in the pure spinor formalism of the superstring theory. This vertex operator is expressed in terms of the ten dimensional $\mathcal{N}=1$ superfields describing the massive supermultiplet which appear in the unintegrated vertex operator of the same states.
- Nov 22 2017 hep-th arXiv:1711.07929v1We define Mellin amplitudes for the fermion-scalar four point function and the fermion four point function. The Mellin amplitude thus defined has multiple components each associated with a tensor structure. In the case of three spacetime dimensions, we explicitly show that each component factorizes on dynamical poles onto components of the Mellin amplitudes for the corresponding three point functions. The novelty here is that for a given exchanged primary, each component of the Mellin amplitude may in general have more than one series of poles. We present a few examples of Mellin amplitudes for tree-level Witten diagrams and tree-level conformal Feynman integrals with fermionic legs, which illustrate the general properties.
- Sep 26 2017 hep-th arXiv:1709.07883v2In arXiv:1707.06803 we derived the subleading multiple soft graviton theorem in a generic quantum theory of gravity for arbitrary number of soft external gravitons and arbitrary number of finite energy external states carrying arbitrary mass and spin. In this paper we verify this explicitly using the CHY formula for tree level scattering amplitudes of arbitrary number of gravitons in Einstein gravity. We pay special care to fix the signs of the amplitudes and resolve an apparent discrepancy between our general results in arXiv:1707.06803 and previous results on soft graviton theorem from CHY formula.
- We derive the subleading soft graviton theorem in a generic quantum theory of gravity for arbitrary number of soft external gravitons and arbitrary number of finite energy external states carrying arbitrary mass and spin. Our results are valid to all orders in perturbation theory when the number of non-compact space-time dimensions is six or more, but only for tree amplitudes for five or less non-compact space-time dimensions due to enhanced contribution to loop amplitudes from the infrared region.
- Jun 06 2017 hep-th arXiv:1706.01196v1We provide the covariant superspace equations that are sufficient to determine the complete $\theta$ expansion of the vertex operator of the open string massive states with $(mass)^2=1/\alpha'$ in pure spinor formalism of superstring theory. These equations get rid of the redundant degrees of freedom in superfields and are consistent with the BRST conditions derived in [1]. Further, we give the explicit $\theta$ expansion of the superfields appearing in the unintegrated vertex to $O(\theta^3)$. Finally, we compute the contribution to a 3-point tree amplitude with the resulting vertex operator upto $O(\theta^3)$ and find its kinematic structure to be identical to the corresponding RNS computation.
- Mar 21 2017 hep-th arXiv:1703.06410v2We review recent developments in the construction of heterotic and type II string field theories and their various applications. These include systematic procedures for determining the shifts in the vacuum expectation values of fields under quantum corrections, computing renormalized masses and S-matrix of the theory around the shifted vacuum and a proof of unitarity of the S-matrix. The S-matrix computed this way is free from all divergences when there are more than 4 non-compact space-time dimensions, but suffers from the usual infrared divergences when the number of non-compact space-time dimensions is 4 or less.
- Mar 20 2017 hep-th arXiv:1703.06132v2We explore the connection between the operator product expansion (OPE) in the boundary and worldsheet conformal field theories in the context of AdS$_{d+1}$/CFT$_d$ correspondence. Considering single trace scalar operators in the boundary theory and using the saddle point analysis of the worldsheet OPE [1], we derive an explicit relation between OPE coefficients in the boundary and worldsheet theories for the contribution of single trace spin $\ell$ operators to the OPE. We also consider external vector operators and obtain the relation between OPE coefficients for the exchange of single trace scalar operators in the OPE. We revisit the relationship between the bulk cubic couplings in the Supergravity approximation and the OPE coefficients in the dual boundary theory. Our results match with the known examples from the case of AdS$_3$/CFT$_2$. For the operators whose two and three point correlators enjoy a non renormalization theorem, this gives a set of three way relations between the bulk cubic couplings in supergravity and the OPE coefficients in the boundary and worldsheet theories.
- Jul 26 2016 hep-th arXiv:1607.07334v3We explore the Mellin representation of correlation functions in conformal field theories in the weak coupling regime. We provide a complete proof for a set of Feynman rules to write the Mellin amplitude for a general tree level Feynman diagram involving only scalar operators. We find a factorised form involving beta functions associated to the propagators, similar to tree level Feynman rules in momentum space for ordinary QFTs. We also briefly consider the case where a generic scalar perturbation of the free CFT breaks conformal invariance. Mellin space still has some utility and one can consider non-conformal Mellin representations. In this context, we find that the beta function corresponding to conformal propagator uplifts to a hypergeometric function.
- In a metastable de Sitter space any object has a finite life expectancy beyond which it undergoes vacuum decay. However, by spreading into different parts of the universe which will fall out of causal contact of each other in future, a civilization can increase its collective life expectancy, defined as the average time after which the last settlement disappears due to vacuum decay. We study in detail the collective life expectancy of two comoving objects in de Sitter space as a function of the initial separation, the horizon radius and the vacuum decay rate. We find that even with a modest initial separation, the collective life expectancy can reach a value close to the maximum possible value of 1.5 times that of the individual object if the decay rate is less than 1% of the expansion rate. Our analysis can be generalized to any number of objects, general trajectories not necessarily at rest in the comoving coordinates and general FRW space-time. As part of our analysis we find that in the current state of the universe dominated by matter and cosmological constant, the vacuum decay rate is increasing as a function of time due to accelerated expansion of the volume of the past light cone. Present decay rate is about 3.7 times larger than the average decay rate in the past and the final decay rate in the cosmological constant dominated epoch will be about 56 times larger than the average decay rate in the past. This considerably weakens the lower bound on the half-life of our universe based on its current age.
- We numerically calculate the energy spectrum, intermittency exponents, and probability density $P(u')$ of the one-dimensional Burgers and KPZ equations with correlated noise. We have used pseudo-spectral method for our analysis. When $\sigma$ of the noise variance of the Burgers equation (variance $\propto k^{-2 \sigma}$) exceeds 3/2, large shocks appear in the velocity profile leading to $<|u(k)|^2> \propto k^{-2}$, and structure function $<|u(x+r,t)-u(x,t)|^q> \propto r$ suggesting that the Burgers equation is intermittent for this range of $\sigma$. For $-1 \le \sigma \le 0$, the profile is dominated by noise, and the spectrum $<|h(k)|^{2}>$ of the corresponding KPZ equation is in close agreement with Medina et al.'s renormalization group predictions. In the intermediate range $0 < \sigma <3/2$, both noise and well-developed shocks are seen, consequently the exponents slowly vary from RG regime to a shock-dominated regime. The probability density $P(h)$ and $P(u)$ are gaussian for all $\sigma$, while $P(u')$ is gaussian for $\sigma=-1$, but steadily becomes nongaussian for larger $\sigma$; for negative $u'$, $P(u') \propto \exp(-a x)$ for $\sigma=0$, and approximately $\propto u'^{-5/2}$ for $\sigma > 1/2$. We have also calculated the energy cascade rates for all $\sigma$ and found a constant flux for all $\sigma \ge 1/2$.
- withdrawn; Earlier versions of chao-dyn/9904020 & chao-dyn/9904021 have been combined into one paper.