results for au:Tiedau_J in:quant-ph

- May 16 2018 quant-ph arXiv:1805.05881v1Detecting light is fundamental to all optical experiments and applications. At the single photon level, the quantised nature of light requires specialised detectors, which typically saturate for more than one photon, rendering the measurement of bright light impossible. Saturation can be partially overcome by multiplexing single-photon-sensitive detectors, enabling measurement up to tens of photons. However, current approaches are still far from bridging the gap to bright light levels. Here, we report on a massively-multiplexed single-photon detector, which exhibits a dynamic range of 123 dB, from optical energies as low as $\mathbf{10^{-7}}$ photons per pulse to $\mathbf{\sim2.5\times10^{5}}$ photons per pulse. This allows us to calibrate a single photon detector directly to a power meter. The use of a single-photon sensitive detector further allows us to characterise the nonclassical features of a variety of quantum states. This device will find application where high dynamic range and single-photon sensitivity are required.
- Nov 30 2017 quant-ph arXiv:1711.10962v2We implement the direct sampling of negative phase-space functions via unbalanced homodyne measurement using click-counting detectors. The negativities significantly certify nonclassical light in the high-loss regime using a small number of detectors which cannot resolve individual photons. We apply our method to heralded single-photon states and experimentally demonstrate the most significant certification of nonclassicality for only two detection bins. By contrast, the frequently applied Wigner function fails to indicate such quantum characteristics for the quantum efficiencies present in our setup. In addition, it would require ideal photon-number resolution. Hence, we realize a robust, reliable, and resource-efficient approach to characterize nonclassical light in phase space under realistic conditions.
- Aug 30 2017 quant-ph arXiv:1708.08463v1Quantum states and the modes of the optical field they occupy are intrinsically connected. Here, we show that one can trade the knowledge of a quantum state to gain information about the underlying mode structure and, vice versa, the knowledge about the modal shape allows one to perform a complete tomography of the quantum state. Our scheme can be executed experimentally using the interference between the signal and probe states on an unbalanced beam splitter with a single on/off-type detector. By changing the temporal overlap between the signal and the probe, the imperfect interference is turned into a powerful tool to extract the information about the signal mode structure. A single on/off detector is already sufficient to collect the necessary measurement data for the reconstruction of the diagonal part of the density matrix of an arbitrary multi-mode signal. Moreover, we experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of our scheme with just one control parameter -- the time-delay of a coherent probe field.
- Feb 21 2017 quant-ph arXiv:1702.05501v3Photon pairs produced by parametric down-conversion or four-wave mixing can interfere with each other in multiport interferometers, or carry entanglement between distant nodes for use in entanglement swapping. This requires the photons be spectrally pure to ensure good interference, and have high heralding efficiency to know accurately the number of photons involved and to maintain high rates as the number of photons grows. Spectral filtering is often used to remove noise and define spectral properties. For heralded single photons high purity and heralding efficiency is possible by filtering the heralding arm, but when both photons in typical pair sources are filtered, we show that the heralding efficiency of one or both of the photons is strongly reduced even by ideal spectral filters with 100% transmission in the passband: any improvement in reduced-state spectral purity from filtering comes at the cost of lowered heralding efficiency. We consider the fidelity to a pure, lossless single photon, symmetrize it to include both photons of the pair, and show this quantity is intrinsically limited for sources with spectral correlation. We then provide a framework for this effect for benchmarking common photon pair sources, and present an experiment where we vary the photon filter bandwidths and measure the increase in purity and corresponding reduction in heralding efficiency.
- Nov 15 2016 quant-ph arXiv:1611.04360v2The progress in building large quantum states and networks requires sophisticated detection techniques to verify the desired operation. To achieve this aim, a cost- and resource-efficient detection method is the time multiplexing of photonic states. This design is assumed to be efficiently scalable; however, it is restricted by inevitable losses and limited detection efficiencies. Here, we investigate the scalability of time-multiplexed detectors under the effects of fiber dispersion and losses. We use the distinguishability of Fock states up to $n=20$ after passing the time-multiplexed detector as our figure of merit and find that, for realistic setup efficiencies of $\eta=0.85$, the optimal size for time-multiplexed detectors is 256 bins.
- Sep 12 2016 quant-ph arXiv:1609.02797v2The physical nature of any quantum source guarantees the existence of an effective Hilbert space of finite dimension, the physical sector, in which its state is completely characterized with arbitrarily high accuracy. The extraction of this sector is essential for state tomography. We show that the physical sector of a state, defined in some pre-chosen basis, can be systematically retrieved with a procedure using only data collected from a set of commuting quantum measurement outcomes, with no other assumptions about the source. We demonstrate the versatility and efficiency of the physical-sector extraction by applying it to simulated and experimental data for quantum light sources, as well as quantum systems of finite dimensions.
- Jun 15 2016 quant-ph arXiv:1606.04369v2The statistical properties of photons are fundamental to investigating quantum mechanical phenomena using light. In multi-photon, two-mode systems, correlations may exist between outcomes of measurements made on each mode which exhibit useful properties. Correlation in this sense can be thought of as increasing the probability of a particular outcome of a measurement on one subsystem given a measurement on a correlated subsystem. Here, we show a statistical property we call "discorrelation," in which the probability of a particular outcome of one subsystem is reduced to zero, given a measurement on a discorrelated subsystem. We show how such a state can be constructed using readily available building blocks of quantum optics, namely coherent states, single photons, beam splitters and projective measurement. We present a variety of discorrelated states, show that they are entangled, and study their sensitivity to loss.