results for au:Soares_J in:cs
Flight delays have a negative effect on airlines, airports and passengers. Their prediction is crucial during the decision-making process for all players of commercial aviation. Moreover, the development of accurate prediction models for flight delays became cumbersome due to the complexity of air transportation system, the amount of methods for prediction, and the deluge of data related to such system. In this context, this paper presents a thorough literature review of approaches used to build flight delay prediction models from the Data Science perspective. We propose a taxonomy and summarize the initiatives used to address the flight delay prediction problem, according to scope, data and computational methods, giving special attention to an increasing usage of machine learning methods. Besides, we also present a timeline of major works that depicts relationships between flight delay prediction problems and research trends to address them.
Jan 10 2017 cs.CV
In recent years two sets of planar (2D) shape attributes, provided with an intuitive physical meaning, were proposed to the remote sensing community by, respectively, Nagao & Matsuyama and Shackelford & Davis in their seminal works on the increasingly popular geographic object based image analysis (GEOBIA) paradigm. These two published sets of intuitive geometric features were selected as initial conditions by the present R&D software project, whose multi-objective goal was to accomplish: (i) a minimally dependent and maximally informative design (knowledge/information representation) of a general purpose, user and application independent dictionary of 2D shape terms provided with a physical meaning intuitive to understand by human end users and (ii) an effective (accurate, scale invariant, easy to use) and efficient implementation of 2D shape descriptors. To comply with the Quality Assurance Framework for Earth Observation guidelines, the proposed suite of geometric functions is validated by means of a novel quantitative quality assurance policy, centered on inter feature dependence (causality) assessment. This innovative multivariate feature validation strategy is alternative to traditional feature selection procedures based on either inductive data learning classification accuracy estimation, which is inherently case specific, or cross correlation estimation, because statistical cross correlation does not imply causation. The project deliverable is an original general purpose software suite of seven validated off the shelf 2D shape descriptors intuitive to use. Alternative to existing commercial or open source software libraries of tens of planar shape functions whose informativeness remains unknown, it is eligible for use in (GE)OBIA systems in operating mode, expected to mimic human reasoning based on a convergence of evidence approach.
Oct 04 2005 cs.CV
We present a method for automated segmentation of the vasculature in retinal images. The method produces segmentations by classifying each image pixel as vessel or non-vessel, based on the pixel's feature vector. Feature vectors are composed of the pixel's intensity and continuous two-dimensional Morlet wavelet transform responses taken at multiple scales. The Morlet wavelet is capable of tuning to specific frequencies, thus allowing noise filtering and vessel enhancement in a single step. We use a Bayesian classifier with class-conditional probability density functions (likelihoods) described as Gaussian mixtures, yielding a fast classification, while being able to model complex decision surfaces and compare its performance with the linear minimum squared error classifier. The probability distributions are estimated based on a training set of labeled pixels obtained from manual segmentations. The method's performance is evaluated on publicly available DRIVE and STARE databases of manually labeled non-mydriatic images. On the DRIVE database, it achieves an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.9598, being slightly superior than that presented by the method of Staal et al.