results for au:Rahman_H in:cs
Mar 20 2017 cs.CV
Paleness or pallor is a manifestation of blood loss or low hemoglobin concentrations in the human blood that can be caused by pathologies such as anemia. This work presents the first automated screening system that utilizes pallor site images, segments, and extracts color and intensity-based features for multi-class classification of patients with high pallor due to anemia-like pathologies, normal patients and patients with other abnormalities. This work analyzes the pallor sites of conjunctiva and tongue for anemia screening purposes. First, for the eye pallor site images, the sclera and conjunctiva regions are automatically segmented for regions of interest. Similarly, for the tongue pallor site images, the inner and outer tongue regions are segmented. Then, color-plane based feature extraction is performed followed by machine learning algorithms for feature reduction and image level classification for anemia. In this work, a suite of classification algorithms image-level classifications for normal (class 0), pallor (class 1) and other abnormalities (class 2). The proposed method achieves 86% accuracy, 85% precision and 67% recall in eye pallor site images and 98.2% accuracy and precision with 100% recall in tongue pallor site images for classification of images with pallor. The proposed pallor screening system can be further fine-tuned to detect the severity of anemia-like pathologies using controlled set of local images that can then be used for future benchmarking purposes.
Existing research in crowdsourcing has investigated how to recommend tasks to workers based on which task the workers have already completed, referred to as \em implicit feedback. We, on the other hand, investigate the task recommendation problem, where we leverage both implicit feedback and explicit features of the task. We assume that we are given a set of workers, a set of tasks, interactions (such as the number of times a worker has completed a particular task), and the presence of explicit features of each task (such as, task location). We intend to recommend tasks to the workers by exploiting the implicit interactions, and the presence or absence of explicit features in the tasks. We formalize the problem as an optimization problem, propose two alternative problem formulations and respective solutions that exploit implicit feedback, explicit features, as well as similarity between the tasks. We compare the efficacy of our proposed solutions against multiple state-of-the-art techniques using two large scale real world datasets.
Feb 19 2015 cs.DB
In this work, we initiate the investigation of optimization opportunities in collaborative crowdsourcing. Many popular applications, such as collaborative document editing, sentence translation, or citizen science resort to this special form of human-based computing, where, crowd workers with appropriate skills and expertise are required to form groups to solve complex tasks. Central to any collaborative crowdsourcing process is the aspect of successful collaboration among the workers, which, for the first time, is formalized and then optimized in this work. Our formalism considers two main collaboration-related human factors, affinity and upper critical mass, appropriately adapted from organizational science and social theories. Our contributions are (a) proposing a comprehensive model for collaborative crowdsourcing optimization, (b) rigorous theoretical analyses to understand the hardness of the proposed problems, (c) an array of efficient exact and approximation algorithms with provable theoretical guarantees. Finally, we present a detailed set of experimental results stemming from two real-world collaborative crowdsourcing application us- ing Amazon Mechanical Turk, as well as conduct synthetic data analyses on scalability and qualitative aspects of our proposed algorithms. Our experimental results successfully demonstrate the efficacy of our proposed solutions.
In state-of-the-art Pervasive Computing, it is envisioned that unlimited access to information will be facilitated for anyone and anything. Wireless sensor networks will play a pivotal role in the stated vision. This reflects the phenomena where any situation can be sensed and analyzed anywhere. It makes heterogeneous context ubiquitous. Clustering context is one of the techniques to manage ubiquitous context information efficiently to maximize its potential. Logical-clustering is useful to share real-time context where sensors are physically distributed but logically clustered. This paper investigates the network performance of logical-clustering based on ns-3 simulations. In particular reliability, scalability, and reachability in terms of delay, jitter, and packet loss for the logically clustered network have been investigated. The performance study shows that jitter demonstrates 40 % and 44 % fluctuation for 200 % increase in the node per cluster and 100 % increase in the cluster size respectively. Packet loss exhibits only 18 % increase for 83 % increase in the packet flow-rate.