results for au:McDonald_N in:cs
Mar 20 2017 cs.NE
A framework for implementing reservoir computing (RC) and extreme learning machines (ELMs), two types of artificial neural networks, based on 1D elementary Cellular Automata (CA) is presented, in which two separate CA rules explicitly implement the minimum computational requirements of the reservoir layer: hyperdimensional projection and short-term memory. CAs are cell-based state machines, which evolve in time in accordance with local rules based on a cells current state and those of its neighbors. Notably, simple single cell shift rules as the memory rule in a fixed edge CA afforded reasonable success in conjunction with a variety of projection rules, potentially significantly reducing the optimal solution search space. Optimal iteration counts for the CA rule pairs can be estimated for some tasks based upon the category of the projection rule. Initial results support future hardware realization, where CAs potentially afford orders of magnitude reduction in size, weight, and power (SWaP) requirements compared with floating point RC implementations.
In this paper, we propose a multi-kernel classifier learning algorithm to optimize a given nonlinear and nonsmoonth multivariate classifier performance measure. Moreover, to solve the problem of kernel function selection and kernel parameter tuning, we proposed to construct an optimal kernel by weighted linear combination of some candidate kernels. The learning of the classifier parameter and the kernel weight are unified in a single objective function considering to minimize the upper boundary of the given multivariate performance measure. The objective function is optimized with regard to classifier parameter and kernel weight alternately in an iterative algorithm by using cutting plane algorithm. The developed algorithm is evaluated on two different pattern classification methods with regard to various multivariate performance measure optimization problems. The experiment results show the proposed algorithm outperforms the competing methods.