results for au:Hortua_H in:gr-qc
The origin of large-scale magnetic fields is an unsolved problem in cosmology. In order to overcome, a possible scenario comes from the idea that these fields emerged from a small primordial magnetic field (PMF), produced in the early universe. This field could lead to the observed large-scales magnetic fields but also, would have left an imprint on the cosmic microwave background (CMB). In this work we summarize some statistical properties of this PMFs on the FLRW background. Then, we show the resulting PMF power spectrum using cosmological perturbation theory and some effects of PMFs on the CMB anisotropies.
Jul 22 2014 gr-qc
Nowdays, Cosmological Perturbation Theory is a standard and useful tool in theoretical cosmology. In this work, we compare the 1+3 covariant formalism in perturbation theory (Ellis et al.) to the gauge invariant approach (Bruni et al.), and we show the equivalence of these formalisms to fix the choice of the perturbed variables (gauge choice) in magnetogenesis. We analyze the evolution of primordial magnetic fields through perturbation theory and we discuss the similarities and differences between these two approaches. We get the Maxwell's equations and show a cosmic dynamo like equation written in Poisson gauge, computing the evolution of primordial magnetic fields. Finally, prospects around these formalisms in the study of magnetogenesis are discussed.
The origin of large scale magnetic fields is one of the most puzzling topics in cosmology and astrophysics. It is assumed that the observed magnetic fields result from the amplification of an initial field produced in the early universe. In this paper we compute the exact power spectrum of magnetic fields created after inflation best known as post inflationary magnetic fields, using the first order cosmological perturbation theory. Our treatment differs from others works because we include an infrared cutoff which encodes only causal modes in the spectrum. The cross-correlation between magnetic energy density with Lorentz force and the anisotropic part of the electromagnetic field are exactly computed. We compare our results with previous works finding agreement in cases where the ratio between lower and upper cutoff is very small. However, we found that spectrum is strongly affected when this ratio is greater than 0.2. Moreover, the effect of a post inflationary magnetic field with a lower cutoff on the angular power spectrum in the temperature distribution of CMB was also exactly calculated. The main feature is a shift of the spectrum's peak as function of the infrared cutoff, therefore analyzing this effect we could infer the value of this cutoff and thus constraining the primordial magnetic fields generation models.
In this paper we contrasted two cosmological perturbation theory formalisms, the 1+3 covariant gauge invariant and the gauge invariant by comparing their gauge invariant variables associated with magnetic field defined in each approach. In the first part we give an introduction to each formalism assuming the presence of a magnetic field. We found that gauge invariant quantities defined by 1+3 covariant approach are related with spatial variations of the magnetic field (defined in the gauge invariant formalism) between two closed fundamental observers. This relation was computed by choosing the comoving gauge in the gauge invariant approach in a magnetized universe. Furthermore, we have derived the gauge transformations for electromagnetic potentials in the gauge invariant approach and the Maxwell's equations have been written in terms of these potentials.
The origin of galactic and extra-galactic magnetic fields is an unsolved problem in modern cosmology. A possible scenario comes from the idea of these fields emerged from a small field, a seed, which was produced in the early universe (phase transitions, inflation, ...) and it evolves in time. Cosmological perturbation theory offers a natural way to study the evolution of primordial magnetic fields. The dynamics for this field in the cosmological context is described by a cosmic dynamo like equation, through the dynamo term. In this paper we get the perturbed Maxwell's equations and compute the energy momentum tensor to second order in perturbation theory in terms of gauge invariant quantities. Two possible scenarios are discussed, first we consider a FLRW background without magnetic field and we study the perturbation theory introducing the magnetic field as a perturbation. The second scenario, we consider a magnetized FLRW and build up the perturbation theory from this background. We compare the cosmological dynamo like equation in both scenarios.
Jan 26 2009 gr-qc
In this paper, we study the thermodynamical properties of the (2+1) dimensional black hole with a non-linear electrodynamics and with a negative cosmological constant, using the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP). This approach shows that there is a minimum mass or remnant for the black hole, corresponding to the minimum radius of the event horizon that has a size of the order of the Planck scale. We also show that the heat capacity for this black hole is always positive.