results for au:Englert_C in:hep-ph

- Gravitational wave detector technology provides high-precision measurement apparatuses that, if combined with a modulated particle source, have the potential to measure and constrain particle interactions in a novel way, by measuring the pressure caused by scattering particle beams off the mirror material. Such a measurement does not rely on tagging a final state. This strategy has the potential to allow us to explore novel ways to constrain the presence of new interactions beyond the Standard Model of Particle Physics and provide additional constraints to poorly understood cross sections in the non-perturbative regime of QCD and Nuclear Physics, which are limiting factors of dark matter and neutrino physics searches. Beyond high-energy physics, if technically feasible, the proposed method to measure nucleon-nucleon interactions can lead to practical applications in material and medical sciences.
- Trilinear $Z$ boson interactions are sensitive probes both of new sources of $CP$ violation in physics Beyond the Standard Model and of new particle thresholds. Measurements of trilinear $Z$ interactions are typically interpreted in the frameworks of anomalous couplings and effective field theory, both of which require care in interpretation. To obtain a quantitative picture of the power of these measurements when interpreted in a TeV-scale context, we investigate the anatomy of $ZZZ$ interactions and consider two minimal and perturbative simplified models which induce such interactions through new scalar and fermion loops at the weak scale. We show that both threshold and non-threshold effects often are small compared to the sensitivity of the LHC, while the increased sensitivity of a future lepton collider should allow us to constrain such scenarios complementary to direct searches at hadron colliders.
- While the Higgs characterisation programme is well underway, direct signs for new physics beyond the Standard Model remain elusive. Performing a fit of fully differential Higgs production cross sections at the LHC to a subset of Higgs-relevant effective operators, we discuss the extent to which theoretical uncertainties can limit the sensitivity in such a new physics search programme. Extending the dimension-6 Higgs Effective Field Theory framework by introducing new light degrees of freedom that can contribute to an invisible (or undetectable) Higgs decay width $h \to \phi\phi$, we show how differential coupling fits can disentangle effects from non-Standard Model couplings and an invisible decay width, as present in many new physics scenarios, such as Higgs-portal dark matter. Including the so-called off-shell measurement that has been advocated as a sensitive determination of the Higgs width in the $\kappa$ framework, we show explicitly that this method does not provide complementary sensitivity for scale-separated new physics $\Lambda\gg m_h \gg m_\phi$, which is favoured in beyond the Standard Model scenarios that relate astrophysics and collider phenomenology in light of non-observation of new physics during run 1 of the LHC.
- We present a model-independent study aimed at characterizing the nature of possible resonances in the jet-photon or jet-$Z$ final state at hadron colliders. Such resonances are expected in many models of compositeness and would be a clear indication of new physics. At leading order, in the narrow width approximation, the matrix elements are parameterized by just a few constants describing the coupling of the various helicities to the resonance. We present the full structure of such amplitudes up to spin two and use them to simulate relevant kinematic distributions that could serve to constrain the coupling structure. This also generalizes the signal generation strategy that is currently pursued by ATLAS and CMS to the most general case in the considered channels. While the determination of the P/CP properties of the interaction seems to be out of reach within this framework, there is a wealth of information to be gained about the spin of the resonance and the relative couplings of the helicities.
- Apr 07 2017 hep-ph arXiv:1704.01782v2We perform a comparative study of the reach of future $e^+e^-$ collider options for the scale of non-resonant new physics effects in the top quark sector, phrased in the language of higher-dimensional operators. Our focus is on the electroweak top quark pair production process $e^+e^- \to Z^*/\gamma \to t\bar t $, and we study benchmark scenarios at the ILC and CLIC. We find that both are able to constrain mass scales up to the few TeV range in the most sensitive cases, improving by orders of magnitude on the forecasted capabilities of the LHC. We discuss the role played by observables such as forward-backward asymmetries, and making use of different beam polarisation settings, and highlight the possibility of lifting a degeneracy in the allowed parameter space by combining top observables with precision $Z$-pole measurements from LEP1.
- We investigate a recently proposed UV-complete composite Higgs scenario in the light of the first LHC runs. The model is based on a $SU(4)$ gauge group with global flavour symmetry breaking $SU(5) \to SO(5)$, giving rise to pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons in addition to the Higgs doublet. This includes a real and a complex electroweak triplet with exotic electric charges. Including these, as well as constraints on other exotic states, we show that LHC measurements are not yet sensitive enough to significantly constrain the model's low energy constants. The Higgs potential is described by two parameters which are on the one hand constrained by the LHC measurement of the Higgs mass and Higgs decay channels and on the other hand can be computed from correlation functions in the UV-complete theory. Hence to exclude the model at least one constant needs to be determined and to validate the Higgs potential both constants need to be reproduced by the UV-theory. Due to its UV-formulation, a certain number of low energy constants can be computed from first principle numerical simulations of the theory formulated on a lattice, which can help in establishing the validity of this model. We assess the potential impact of lattice calculations for phenomenological studies, as a preliminary step towards Monte Carlo simulations.
- We provide a comprehensive analysis of the power of including top quark-polarisation information to kinematically challenging $t\bar t$ resonance searches, for which ATLAS and CMS start losing sensitivity. Following the general modeling and analysis strategies pursued by the experiments, we analyse the semi-leptonic and the di-lepton $t\bar t$ channels and show that including polarisation information can lead to large improvements in the limit setting procedures with large data sets. This will allow us to set limits for parameter choices where sensitivity from $m(t\bar t)$ is not sufficient. This highlights the importance of spin observables as part of a more comprehensive set of observables to gain sensitivity to BSM resonance searches.
- Several UV complete models of physics beyond the Standard Model are currently under scrutiny, their low-energy dynamics being compared with the experimental data from the LHC. Lattice simulations can play a role in these studies by providing a first principles computations of the low-energy constants that describe this low-energy dynamics. In this work, we study in detail a specific model recently proposed by Ferretti, and discuss the potential impact of lattice calculations.
- ${\rm W}^\pm {\rm W}^\pm {\rm H}$ production at hadron colliders through vector boson scattering is a so far unconsidered process, which leads to a clean signature of two same-sign charged leptons and two widely separated jets. This process is sensitive to the ${\rm HHH}$ and ${\rm WWHH}$ couplings and any deviation of these couplings from their SM predictions serves as direct evidence of new physics beyond the SM. In this paper we perform a Monte Carlo study of this process for the $\sqrt{s}=14$ TeV LHC and a $100$ TeV pp-collider, and provide projections of the constraints on the triple-Higgs and ${\rm WWHH}$ quartic couplings for these environments. In particular, we consider the impact of pileup on the expected sensitivity in this channel. Our analysis demonstrates that although the sensitivity to the ${\rm HHH}$ coupling is rather low, the ${\rm WWHH}$ coupling can be constrained in this channel within $\sim 100\%$ and $\sim 20\%$ at 95\% confidence level around the SM prediction at the HL-LHC and a 100 TeV pp-collider, respectively.
- Dec 08 2016 hep-ph arXiv:1612.02294v2We discuss a global fit of top quark BSM couplings, phrased in the model-independent language of higher-dimensional effective operators, to the currently available data from the LHC and Tevatron. We examine the interplay between inclusive and differential measurements, and the complementarity of LHC and Tevatron results. We conclude with a discussion of projections for improvement over LHC Run II.
- Perturbative probability conservation provides a strong constraint on the presence of new interactions of the Higgs boson. In this work we consider CP violating Higgs interactions in conjunction with unitarity constraints in the gauge-Higgs and fermion-Higgs sectors. Injecting signal strength measurements of the recently discovered Higgs boson allows us to make concrete and correlated predictions of how CP-violation in the Higgs sector can be directly constrained through collider searches for either characteristic new states or tell-tale enhancements in multi-Higgs processes.
- This Report summarizes the results of the activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group in the period 2014-2016. The main goal of the working group was to present the state-of-the-art of Higgs physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first part compiles the most up-to-date predictions of Higgs boson production cross sections and decay branching ratios, parton distribution functions, and off-shell Higgs boson production and interference effects. The second part discusses the recent progress in Higgs effective field theory predictions, followed by the third part on pseudo-observables, simplified template cross section and fiducial cross section measurements, which give the baseline framework for Higgs boson property measurements. The fourth part deals with the beyond the Standard Model predictions of various benchmark scenarios of Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, extended scalar sector, Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model and exotic Higgs boson decays. This report follows three previous working-group reports: Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Inclusive Observables (CERN-2011-002), Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 2. Differential Distributions (CERN-2012-002), and Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 3. Higgs properties (CERN-2013-004). The current report serves as the baseline reference for Higgs physics in LHC Run 2 and beyond.
- Oct 25 2016 hep-ph arXiv:1610.07354v1Non-minimal composite Higgs scenarios can contain exotic Higgs states which, if getting observed at the Large Hadron Collider, will help to constrain the underlying UV structure of the strong dynamics. Doubly charged Higgs bosons are well-motivated scalar degrees of freedom in this context. Their phenomenology in typical composite scenarios can differ from well-established Higgs triplet extensions of the SM. Related search strategies are not necessarily adapted to such a scenario as a consequence. In this paper we discuss the sensitivity reach to doubly charged Higgs bosons with decays into pairs of same-sign $W$ bosons. While production cross sections are small, we show that significant constraints on $H^{\pm\pm}\to W^{\pm}W^{\pm}$ can be obtained, providing a new opportunity to constrain the potential composite structure of the TeV scale up to $m_{H^{\pm\pm}}\simeq 800$~GeV.
- In this paper we argue that monojet and monophoton searches can be a sensitive test of very highly ionizing particles such as particles with charges $\gtrsim 150e$ and more generally particles that do not reach the outer parts of the detector. 8 TeV monojet data from the CMS experiment excludes such objects with masses in the range $\lesssim 650~{\text{GeV}}$ and charges $\gtrsim 100e$. This nicely complements searches for highly ionizing objects at ALICE, ATLAS, CMS and LHCb. Expected improvements in these channels will extend the sensitivity range to $m\lesssim 750~{\text{GeV}}$. This search strategy can directly be generalized to other particles that strongly interact with the detector material, such as e.g. magnetic monopoles.
- We investigate the prospects to systematically improve generic effective field theory-based searches for new physics in the top sector during LHC run 2 as well as the high luminosity phase. In particular, we assess the benefits of high momentum transfer final states on top EFT-fit as a function of systematic uncertainties in comparison with sensitivity expected from fully-resolved analyses focusing on $t\bar t$ production. We find that constraints are typically driven by fully-resolved selections, while boosted top quarks can serve to break degeneracies in the global fit. This demystifies and clarifies the importance of high momentum transfer final states for global fits to new interactions in the top sector from direct measurements.
- This report summarises the physics opportunities for the study of Higgs bosons and the dynamics of electroweak symmetry breaking at the 100 TeV pp collider.
- Jun 20 2016 hep-ph arXiv:1606.05359v2Dark sectors with strong interactions have received considerable interest. Assuming the existence of a minimally coupled dark sector which runs to strong interactions in the infrared, we address the question whether the scaling behavior of this dark sector can be observed in missing energy signatures at present and future hadron colliders. We compare these findings to the concrete case of self-interacting dark matter and demonstrate that the energy dependence of high-momentum transfer final states can in principle be used to gain information about the UV structure of hidden sectors at future hadron colliders, subject to large improvements in systematic uncertainties, which could complement proof-of-principle lattice investigations. We also comment on the case of dark Abelian $U(1)$ theories.
- We present the activities of the 'New Physics' working group for the 'Physics at TeV Colliders' workshop (Les Houches, France, 1-19 June, 2015). Our report includes new physics studies connected with the Higgs boson and its properties, direct search strategies, reinterpretation of the LHC results in the building of viable models and new computational tool developments. Important signatures for searches for natural new physics at the LHC and new assessments of the interplay between direct dark matter searches and the LHC are also considered.
- Apr 28 2016 hep-ph arXiv:1604.07975v1The ultraviolet structure of $s$-channel mediator dark matter simplified models at hadron colliders is considered. In terms of commonly studied $s$-channel mediator simplified models it is argued that at arbitrarily high energies the perturbative description of dark matter production in high energy scattering at hadron colliders will break down in a number of cases. This is analogous to the well documented breakdown of an EFT description of dark matter collider production. With this in mind, to diagnose whether or not the use of simplified models at the LHC is valid, perturbative unitarity of the scattering amplitude in the processes relevant to LHC dark matter searches is studied. The results are as one would expect: at the LHC and future proton colliders the simplified model descriptions of dark matter production are in general valid. As a result of the general discussion, a simple new class of previously unconsidered `Fermiophobic Scalar' simplified models is proposed, in which a scalar mediator couples to electroweak vector bosons. The Fermiophobic simplified model is well motivated and exhibits interesting collider and direct detection phenomenology.
- Apr 18 2016 hep-ph astro-ph.CO arXiv:1604.04299v1Scalar dark energy fields that couple to the Standard Model can give rise to observable signatures at the LHC. In this work we show that $t\bar t+$missing energy and mono-jet searches are suitable probes in the limit where the dark energy scalar is stable on collider distances. We discuss the prospects of distinguishing the dark energy character of new physics signals from dark matter signatures and the possibility of probing the self-interactions of the dark energy sector.
- We re-investigate electroweak signal-background interference in associated Higgs production via gluon fusion in the presence of new physics in the top-Higgs sector. Considering the full final state $pp \to b \bar b \ell^+\ell^-$ ($\ell=e,\mu$), we discuss how new physics in the top-Higgs sector that enhances the $ZZ$ component can leave footprints in the $HZ$ limit setting. In passing we investigate the phenomenology of a class of new physics interactions that can be genuinely studied in this process.
- We study Higgs production through weak boson fusion with subsequent decay to bottom quarks. By combining jet substructure techniques and matrix element methods in different limits we motivate this channel as a probe of the bottom-Yukawa interactions in the boosted regime. In particular we ameliorate the "no-go" results of cut-and-count analyses in this channel. After applying a data-driven reconstruction approach we find that the Higgs-bottom coupling can be limited to $0.82 < y_b/y_b^{\text{SM}} <1.14$ with $600~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$.
- We perform an up-to-date global fit of top quark effective theory to experimental data from the Tevatron, and from LHC Runs I and II. Experimental data includes total cross-sections up to 13 TeV, as well as differential distributions, for both single top and pair production. We also include the top quark width, charge asymmetries, and polarisation information from top decay products. We present bounds on the coefficients of dimension six operators, and examine the interplay between inclusive and differential measurements, and Tevatron / LHC data. All results are currently in good agreement with the Standard Model.
- Nov 18 2015 hep-ph arXiv:1511.05170v3Due to the absence of tantalising hints for new physics during the LHC's run 1, the extension of the Higgs sector by dimension six operators will provide the new phenomenological standard for searches of non-resonant extensions of the Standard Model. Using all dominant and subdominant Higgs production mechanisms at the LHC, we compute the constraints on Higgs physics-relevant dimension six operators in a global and correlated fit. We show in how far these constraints can be improved by new Higgs channels becoming accessible at higher energy and luminosity, both through inclusive cross sections as well as through highly sensitive differential distributions. This allows us to discuss the sensitivity to new effects in the Higgs sector that can be reached at the LHC if direct hints for physics beyond the SM remain elusive and the impact of these constraints on well-motivated BSM scenarios.
- Jul 01 2015 hep-ph arXiv:1506.08845v2In this paper we present a global fit of beyond the Standard Model (BSM) dimension six operators relevant to the top quark sector to currently available data. Experimental measurements include parton-level top-pair and single top production from the LHC and the Tevatron. Higher order QCD corrections are modelled using differential and global K-factors, and we use novel fast-fitting techniques developed in the context of Monte Carlo event generator tuning to perform the fit. This allows us to provide new, fully correlated and model-independent bounds on new physics effects in the top sector from the most current direct hadron-collider measurements in light of the involved theoretical and experimental systematics. As a by-product, our analysis constitutes a proof-of-principle that fast fitting of theory to data is possible in the top quark sector, and paves the way for a more detailed analysis including top quark decays, detector corrections and precision observables.
- The search for di-Higgs production at the LHC in order to set limits on Higgs trilinear coupling and constraints on new physics is one of the main motivations for the LHC high luminosity phase. Recent experimental analyses suggest that such analyses will only be successful if information from a range of channels is included. We therefore investigate di-Higgs production in association with two hadronic jets and give a detailed discussion of both the gluon- and weak boson fusion contributions, with a particular emphasis on the phenomenology with modified Higgs trilinear and quartic gauge couplings. We perform a detailed investigation of the full hadronic final state and find that $hhjj$ production should add sensitivity to a di-Higgs search combination at the HL-LHC with 3 ab$^{-1}$. Since the WBF and GF contributions are sensitive to different sources of physics beyond the Standard Model, we devise search strategies to disentangle and isolate these production modes. While gluon fusion remains non-negligible in WBF-type selections, sizeable new physics contributions to the latter can still be constrained. As an example of the latter point we investigate the sensitivity that can be obtained for a measurement of the quartic Higgs-gauge boson couplings.
- Jun 15 2015 hep-ph astro-ph.CO arXiv:1506.04057v1Disformally coupled, light scalar fields arise in many of the theories of dark energy and modified gravity that attempt to explain the accelerated expansion of the universe. They have proved difficult to constrain with precision tests of gravity because they do not give rise to fifth forces around static non-relativistic sources. However, because the scalar field couples derivatively to standard model matter, measurements at high energy particle colliders offer an effective way to constrain and potentially detect a disformally coupled scalar field. Here we derive new constraints on the strength of the disformal coupling from LHC run 1 data and provide a forecast for the improvement of these constraints from run 2. We additionally comment on the running of disformal and standard model couplings in this scenario under the renormalisation group flow.
- Apr 10 2015 hep-ph arXiv:1504.02458v1The correlation of on- and off-shell Higgs boson production at the LHC in $gg \to h^* \to ZZ$ to bound the Higgs width, under specific model-dependent assumptions, has recently received a lot of attention. As off-shell cross section measurements in this channel suffer from a small signal yield, large backgrounds, and theoretical uncertainties, we propose an alternative complementary constraint which is only possible through the combination of LEP and LHC measurements. Previous precision electroweak measurements at LEP allow for the determination of indirect constraints on Higgs couplings to vector bosons by considering one-loop processes involving virtual Higgs exchange. As the Higgs is off-shell in these diagrams we venture that LEP can be interpreted as an off-shell `Higgs Factory'. By combining these LEP constraints with current LHC 8 TeV Higgs measurements a stronger limit on the Higgs width can be achieved than with LHC data alone for models with rescaled Higgs couplings. Looking to the future, avoiding ambiguities arising due to new physics modifications of the $hGG$ coupling, a theoretically more robust constraint can be achieved by correlating LEP measurements with WBF Higgs production followed by Higgs decays to $WW$ and $ZZ$. This method for indirectly constraining the Higgs width is very effective for specific BSM scenarios and is highly complementary to other proposed methods. The limits we obtain particularly highlight the power of a concrete LEP+LHC combination, not only limited to Higgs width measurements.
- A comprehensive review of physics at an e+e- Linear Collider in the energy range of sqrts=92 GeV--3 TeV is presented in view of recent and expected LHC results, experiments from low energy as well as astroparticle physics.The report focuses in particular on Higgs boson, Top quark and electroweak precision physics, but also discusses several models of beyond the Standard Model physics such as Supersymmetry, little Higgs models and extra gauge bosons. The connection to cosmology has been analyzed as well.
- If the recently discovered Higgs boson's couplings deviate from the Standard Model expectation, we may anticipate new resonant physics in the weak boson fusion channels resulting from high scale unitarity sum rules of longitudinal gauge boson scattering. Motivated by excesses in analyses of multi-leptons+missing energy+jets final states during run 1, we perform a phenomenological investigation of these channels at the LHC bounded by current Higgs coupling constraints. Such an approach constrains the prospects to observe such new physics at the LHC as a function of very few and generic parameters and allows the investigation of the strong requirement of probability conservation in the electroweak sector to high energies. Our analysis is directly relevant for the 2 TeV excess reported recently by the CMS and ATLAS collaborations.
- Top quark loops in Higgs production via gluon fusion at large invariant final state masses can induce important interference effects in searches for additional Higgs bosons as predicted in, e.g., Higgs portal scenarios and the MSSM when the heavy scalar is broad or the final state resolution is poor. Currently, the limit setting as performed by both ATLAS and CMS is based on injecting a heavy Higgs-like signal neglecting interference effects. In this paper, we perform a study of such "on-shell" interference effects in $pp\to ZZ$ and find that they lead to a $\lesssim{\cal{O}}(30%)$ width scheme-dependent modification of the signal strength. Including the continuum contributions to obtain e.g. the full $pp\to ZZ \to 4\ell$ final state, this modification is reduced to the 10% level in the considered intermediate mass range.
- An important physics goal of a possible next-generation high-energy hadron collider will be precision characterisation of the Higgs sector and electroweak symmetry breaking. A crucial part of understanding the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking is measuring the Higgs self-interactions. We study dihiggs production in proton-proton collisions at 100 TeV centre of mass energy in order to estimate the sensitivity such a machine would have to variations in the trilinear Higgs coupling around the Standard Model expectation. We focus on the two b-jets plus diphotons final state, including possible enhancements in sensitivity by exploiting dihiggs recoils against a hard jet. We find that it should be possible to measure the trilinear self-coupling with 40% accuracy given 3/ab and 12% with 30/ab of data.
- Proposals of measuring the off-shell Higgs contributions and first measurements at the LHC have electrified the Higgs phenomenology community for two reasons: Firstly, probing interactions at high invariant masses and momentum transfers is intrinsically sensitive to new physics beyond the Standard Model, irrespective of a resonant or non-resonant character of a particular BSM scenario. Secondly, under specific assumptions a class of models exists for which the off-shell coupling measurement together with a measurement of the on-shell signal strength can be re-interpreted in terms of a bound on the total Higgs boson width. In this paper, we provide a first step towards a classification of the models for which a total width measurement is viable and we discuss examples of BSM models for which the off-shell coupling measurement can be important in either constraining or even discovering new physics in the upcoming LHC runs. Specifically, we discuss the quantitative impact of the presence of dimension six operators on the (de)correlation of Higgs on- and off-shell regions keeping track of all interference effects. We furthermore investigate off-shell measurements in a wider context of new (non-)resonant physics in Higgs portal scenarios and the MSSM.
- Searches for multi-Higgs final states allow to constrain parameters of the SM (or extensions thereof) that directly relate to the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking. Multi-Higgs production cross sections, however, are small and the phenomenologically accessible final states are challenging to isolate in the busy multi-jet hadron collider environment of the LHC run 2. This makes the necessity to extend the list of potentially observable production mechanisms obvious. Most of the phenomenological analyses in the past have focused on $gg\to hh+jets$; in this paper we study $pp\to t\bar t hh$ at LHC run 2 and find that this channel for $h\to b\bar b$ and semi-leptonic and hadronic top decays has the potential to provide an additional handle to constrain the Higgs trilinear coupling in a global fit at the end of run 2.
- If the LHC run 2 will not provide conclusive hints for new resonant Physics beyond the Standard Model, dedicated and consistent search strategies at high momentum transfers will become the focus of searches for anticipated deviations from the Standard Model expectation. We discuss the phenomenological importance of QCD and electroweak corrections in bounding higher dimensional operators when analysing energy-dependent differential distributions. In particular, we study the impact of RGE-induced operator running and mixing effects on measurements performed in the context of an Effective Field Theory extension of the SM. Furthermore we outline a general analysis strategy which allows a RGE-improved formulation of constraints free of theoretical shortcomings that can arise when differential distributions start to probe the new interaction scale. We compare the numerical importance of such a programme against the standard analysis approach which is widely pursued at present.
- In the Standard Model the Higgs coupling to gluons is almost entirely induced by top quark loops. We derive the logarithmic structure of Higgs production in association with two jets. Just like in the one-jet case the transverse momentum distributions exhibit logarithms of the top quark mass and can be used to test the nature of the loop-induced Higgs coupling to gluons. Using Higgs decays to W bosons and to tau leptons we show how the corresponding analyses hugely benefit from the second jet in the relevant signal rate as well as in the background rejection.
- May 08 2014 hep-ph arXiv:1405.1617v1We present the activities of the "New Physics" working group for the "Physics at TeV Colliders" workshop (Les Houches, France, 3--21 June, 2013). Our report includes new computational tool developments, studies of the implications of the Higgs boson discovery on new physics, important signatures for searches for natural new physics at the LHC, new studies of flavour aspects of new physics, and assessments of the interplay between direct dark matter searches and the LHC.
- Indirect constraints on the total Higgs width $\Gamma_h$ from correlating Higgs signal strengths with cross section measurements in the off-shell region for $p(g)p(g)\to 4\ell$ production have received considerable attention recently, and the CMS collaboration have published a first measurement. We revisit this analysis from a new physics and unitarity constraints perspective and conclude that limits on $\Gamma_h$ obtained in this fashion are not reliable unless we make model-specific assumptions, which cannot be justified at the current stage of the LHC programme. Relaxing the $\Gamma_h$ interpretation, we discuss the merits of high invariant mass cross section measurements in the context of Higgs CP analyses, higher dimensional operator testing, and resolved new physics in the light of electroweak precision constraints beyond effective theory limitations. Furthermore, we show that a rather model-independent LHC constraint can be obtained from adapting the $gg\to 4\ell$ analysis to the weak boson fusion channels at lower statistical yield.
- Mar 28 2014 hep-ph arXiv:1403.7191v2The measured properties of the recently discovered Higgs boson are in good agreement with predictions from the Standard Model. However, small deviations in the Higgs couplings may manifest themselves once the currently large uncertainties will be improved as part of the LHC program and at a future Higgs factory. We review typical new physics scenarios that lead to observable modifications of the Higgs interactions. They can be divided into two broad categories: mixing effects as in portal models or extended Higgs sectors, and vertex loop effects from new matter or gauge fields. In each model we relate coupling deviations to their effective new physics scale. It turns out that with percent level precision the Higgs couplings will be sensitive to the multi-TeV regime.
- After the discovery of the 125 GeV scalar boson with gauge properties similar to the Standard Model Higgs, the search for beyond the SM interactions will focus on studying the discovered particles' coupling properties more precisely and shedding light on the relation of fermion masses with the electroweak vacuum. The large mass of the top quark and the SM-predicted order one top Yukawa coupling is a natural candidate for BSM physics, though experimentally challenging to constrain. In this paper, we argue that investigating angular correlations in $pp\to tHj$ production provides an excellent handle to constrain the top Yukawa coupling $y_t$ via direct measurements, even when we focus on rare exclusive final states. We perform a hadron-level analysis and show that we may expect to constrain $y_t\gtrsim 0.5\, y_t^{\text{SM}}$ at 95%-99% confidence level at the high luminosity LHC using semi-leptonic top decays and $H\to \gamma \gamma$ alone, by employing a two-channel measurement approach.
- The top quark, being the heaviest particle of the Standard Model, is a prime candidate of where physics beyond the SM might currently hide before our eyes. There are many natural extensions of the SM that rely on top compositeness, and the top quark could follow the paradigm of revealing a substructure when it is probed at high enough momentum transfers. Observing high $p_T$ top final states naturally drives us towards boosted hadronic analyses that can be tackled efficiently with jet substructure techniques. In this paper we analyse the prospects of constraining exemplary non-standard QCD top interactions in this kinematical regime. We correctly include QCD modifications to additional gluon emission off the boosted top quark and keep track of the modified top tagging efficiencies. We conclude that non-standard top QCD interactions can be formidably constrained at the LHC 14 TeV. Experimental systematic uncertainties are a major obstacle of the described measurement. Unless significantly improved for the 14 TeV run, they will saturate the direct sensitivity to non-resonant BSM top physics at luminosities of around 100/fb.
- Oct 18 2013 hep-ph arXiv:1310.4828v2Analyses of boosted Higgs bosons from associated production comprise some of the main search channels for the Higgs boson at the LHC. The gluon-initiated $gg\to hZ$ subprocess has largely been ignored in phenomenological analyses of boosted associated production although this contribution is sizable as the $p_T$ spectrum for this process is maximised in the boosted regime due to the top quark loop threshold. In this paper, we discuss this contribution to boosted $pp\to hZ$ analyses in detail. We find there are previously overlooked modifications of Standard Model Higgs rates at the LHC which depend on the $p_T$ cuts applied and can be significant. There are also important consequences for physics beyond the Standard Model as the $gg\to hZ$ process introduces significant dependence on the magnitude and sign of the Higgs-top quark coupling $c_t$, which is overlooked if it is assumed that associated production depends only on the Higgs-$Z$ boson coupling as $c_V^2$. This new dependence on $c_t$ impacts interpretations of Higgs rates in the contexts of Supersymmetry, Two Higgs Doublet Models, and general scenarios with modified couplings. We suggest that these effects be included in current and future LHC boosted Higgs analyses.
- A measurement of the $hh+2j$ channel at the LHC would be particularly thrilling for electroweak physics. It is not only the leading process which is sensitive to the $W^+W^- hh$ and $ZZhh$ interactions, but also provides a potentially clear window to study the electroweak symmetry-breaking sector by probing Higgs-Goldstone interactions through the weak boson fusion component of the scattering process. Until now, a phenomenologically complete analysis of this channel has been missing. This is mostly due to the high complexity of the involved one-loop gluon fusion contribution and the fact that a reliable estimate thereof cannot be obtained through simplified calculations in the $m_t\to \infty$ limit. In particular, the extraction of the Higgs trilinear coupling from this final state rests on a delicate $m_t$-dependent interference pattern which is not captured in an effective field theory approach. In this paper, we report on the LHC's potential to access di-Higgs production in association with two jets in a fully-showered hadron-level analysis. Our study includes the finite top and bottom mass dependencies for the gluon fusion contribution. On the basis of these results, we also comment on the potential sensitivity to the trilinear Higgs and $VV^\dagger hh$ ($V=W^\pm,Z$) couplings that can be expected from measurements of this final state.
- Higgs boson self-interactions can be investigated via di-Higgs ($pp\to hh+X$) production at the LHC. With a small ${\cal{O}}(30)$ fb Standard Model production cross section, and a large $t\bar t$ background, this measurement has been considered challenging, even at a luminosity-upgraded LHC. We demonstrate that by using simple kinematic bounding variables, of the sort already employed in existing LHC searches, the dominant $t\bar t$ background can be largely eliminated. Simulations of the signal and the dominant background demonstrate the prospect for measurement of the di-Higgs production cross section at the 30% level using 3/ab of integrated luminosity at a high-luminosity LHC. This corresponds to a Higgs self-coupling determination with 60% accuracy in the $b\bar b \tau^+\tau^-$ mode, with potential for further improvements from e.g. subjet technologies and from additional di-Higgs decay channels.
- We develop a phenomenological formalism for mixing effects between the Standard Model and hidden-sector fields, motivated by dark matter in the Universe as well as string theories. The scheme includes multiple Higgs-portal interactions in the scalar sector as well as multiple gauge-kinetic mixings in the abelian gauge sector. While some of the mixing effects can be cast in closed form, other elements can be controlled analytically only by means of perturbative expansions in the ratio of standard scales over large hidden scales. Higgs and vector-boson masses and mixings are illustrated numerically for characteristic processes.
- The status of di-boson and tri-boson production is shortly review. Using the VBFNLO and the LOOPSIM package, approximated results at NNLO QCD are given for WZ production. Results for waa + jet at NLO QCD are also shown.
- Extensions of the Standard Model Higgs sector involving weak isotriplet scalars are not only benchmark candidates to reconcile observed anomalies of the recently discovered Higgs-like particle, but also exhibit a vast parameter space, for which the lightest Higgs' phenomenology turns out to be very similar to the Standard Model one. A generic prediction of this model class is the appearance of exotic doubly charged scalar particles. In this paper we adapt existing dilepton+missing energy+jets measurements in the context of SUSY searches to the dominant decay mode $H^{\pm\pm}\to W^\pm W^\pm$ and find that the LHC already starts probing the model's parameter space. A simple modification towards signatures typical of weak boson fusion searches allows us to formulate even tighter constraints with the 7 TeV LHC data set. A corresponding analysis of this channel performed at 14 TeV center of mass energy will constrain the model over the entire parameter space and facilitate potential $H^{\pm\pm}\to W^\pm W^\pm$ discoveries.
- May 23 2013 hep-ph arXiv:1305.5251v1Any new scalar fields that perturbatively solve the hierarchy problem by stabilizing the Higgs mass also generate new contributions to the Higgs field-strength renormalization, irrespective of their gauge representation. These new contributions are physical and their magnitude can be inferred from the requirement of quadratic divergence cancellation, hence they are directly related to the resolution of the hierarchy problem. Upon canonically normalizing the Higgs field these new contributions lead to modifications of Higgs couplings which are typically great enough that the hierarchy problem and the concept of electroweak naturalness can be probed thoroughly within a precision Higgs program. Specifically, at a Linear Collider this can be achieved through precision measurements of the Higgs associated production cross-section. This would lead to indirect constraints on perturbative solutions to the hierarchy problem in the broadest sense, even if the relevant new fields are gauge singlets.
- Apr 02 2013 hep-ph arXiv:1304.0033v1After the discovery of a Higgs-like particle at the LHC, the determination of its spin quantum numbers across different channels will be the next step in arriving at a more precise understanding of the new state and its role in electroweak symmetry breaking. Event shape observables have been shown to provide extremely sensitive observables for the discrimination of the scalar Higgs boson's CP quantum numbers as a consequence of the different radiation patterns of Higgs production via gluon fusion vs. weak boson fusion in the $pp\to X+2j$ selection. We show that a similar strategy serves to constrain the spin quantum numbers of the discovered particle as a function of the involved couplings. We also discuss the prospects of applying a similar strategy to future discoveries of Higgs-like particles.
- Mar 08 2013 hep-ph arXiv:1303.1526v1Many beyond the Standard Model (BSM) scenarios involve Higgs couplings to additional electroweak fields. It is well established that these new fields may modify Higgs gamma-gamma and gamma-Z decays at one-loop. However, one unexplored aspect of such scenarios is that by electroweak symmetry one should also expect modifications to the Higgs Z-Z coupling at one-loop and, more generally, modifications to Higgs production and decay channels beyond tree-level. In this paper we investigate the full BSM modified electroweak corrections to associated Higgs production at both the LHC and a future lepton collider in two simple SM extensions. From both inclusive and differential NLO associated production cross sections we find BSM-NLO corrections can be as large as O(>10%) when compared to the SM expectation, consistent with other precision electroweak measurements, even in scenarios where modifications to the Higgs diphoton rate are not significant. At the LHC such corrections are comparable to the involved QCD uncertainties. At a lepton collider the Higgs associated production cross section can be measured to high accuracy (O(1%) independent of uncertainties in total width and other couplings), and such a deviation could be easily observed even if the new states remain beyond kinematic reach. This should be compared to the expected accuracy for a model-independent determination of the Higgs diphoton coupling at a lepton collider, which is O(15%). This work demonstrates that precision measurements of the Higgs associated production cross section constitute a powerful probe of modified Higgs sectors and will be valuable for indirectly exploring BSM scenarios.
- Feb 27 2013 hep-ph arXiv:1302.6505v2ATLAS and CMS have discovered a Standard Model Higgs-like particle. One of the main discovery channels is the Higgs decay to two photons, which, at the moment, seems to be considerably enhanced over the Standard Model expectation. Models with additional charged matter coupling to the Higgs sector can enhance or decrease the Higgs to two photons branching ratio. We take this as motivation to confront the so-called Georgi-Machacek model of Higgs triplets with the results of recent searches for a SM Higgs boson performed at the LHC. We also investigate the model in regions of the allowed parameter space relevant for a SM-like phenomenology. The Georgi-Machacek model avoids tree-level issues of the T parameter, while offering a vastly modified Higgs phenomenology compared to the Standard Model. This comes at the price of introducing another fine-tuning problem related to electroweak precision measurements. We investigate the collider phenomenology of the Georgi-Machacek model in the light of existing collider constraints beyond any effective field theory approximation and contextualize our findings with electroweak precision constraints.
- Jan 19 2013 hep-ph arXiv:1301.4224v2Having discovered a candidate for the final piece of the Standard Model, the Higgs boson, the question remains why its vacuum expectation value and its mass are so much smaller than the Planck scale (or any other high scale of new physics). One elegant solution was provided by Coleman and Weinberg, where all mass scales are generated from dimensionless coupling constants via dimensional transmutation. However, the original Coleman-Weinberg scenario predicts a Higgs mass which is too light; it is parametrically suppressed compared to the mass of the vectors bosons, and hence is much lighter than the observed value. In this paper we argue that a mass scale, generated via the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism in a hidden sector and then transmitted to the Standard Model through a Higgs portal, can naturally explain the smallness of the electroweak scale compared to the UV cutoff scale, and at the same time be consistent with the observed value. We analyse the phenomenology of such a model in the context of present and future colliders and low energy measurements.
- Recently, the ATLAS and CMS experiments have reported the discovery of a Higgs like resonance at the LHC. The next analysis step will include the determination of its spin and CP quantum numbers or the form of its interaction Lagrangian channel-by-channel. We show how weak-boson-fusion Higgs production and associated ZH production can be used to separate different spin and CP states.
- After the recent discovery of a Standard Model Higgs boson-like particle at the LHC, the question of its couplings to known and unknown matter is eminent. In this letter, we present a method that allows for an enhancement in S/B(irreducible) of the order of 100% in $pp\to (h\to \gamma\gamma) jj$ for a center of mass energy of 8 and 14 TeV. This is achieved by applying the matrix element method. We discuss the implications of detector resolution effects and various approximations of the involved event simulation and reconstruction. The matrix element method provides a reliable, stable, and efficient handle to separate signal from background, and the gluon and weak boson fusion components involved in this process. Employing this method, a more precise Higgs boson coupling extraction can be obtained, and our results are of immediate relevance for current searches.
- Multi-Higgs production provides a phenomenologically clear window to the electroweak symmetry breaking sector. We perform a comprehensive and comparative analysis of new electroweak physics effects in di-Higgs and di-Higgs+jet production. In particular, we discuss resonant di-Higgs phenomenology, which arises in the Higgs portal model and in the MSSM at small tan beta, and non-resonant new physics contributions to di-Higgs production in models where the newly discovered Higgs candidate is interpreted as a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson. We show that, for all these scenarios, a measurement of the di-Higgs and di-Higgs+jet final states provides an accessible and elaborate handle to understand electroweak symmetry breaking in great detail.
- The basic structure of top-quarks as spin-1/2 particles is characterized by the radius $R_t$ and the intrinsic magnetic dipole moment $\kappa_t$, both individually associated with gauge interactions. They are predicted to be zero in pointlike theories as the Standard Model. We derive upper limits of these parameters in the color sector from cross sections measured at Tevatron and LHC in top-pair production $p{\bar{p}}/pp \to t{\bar{t}}$, and we predict improved limits expected from LHC in the future, especially for analyses exploiting boosted top final states. An additional method for measuring the intrinsic parameters is based on $t \bar{t} + jet$ final states.
- Both Atlas and CMS have reported a discovery of a Standard Model-like Higgs boson $H$ of mass around 125 GeV. Consistency with the Standard Model implies the non-observation of non-SM like decay modes of the newly discovered particle. Sensitivity to such decay modes, especially when they involve partially invisible final states is currently beyond scrutiny of the LHC. We systematically study such decay channels in the form of $H\rightarrow AA\rightarrow jets+missing energy$, with $A$ a light scalar or scalar, and analyze to what extent these exotic branching fractions can be constrained by direct measurements at the LHC. While the analysis is challenging, constraints as good as ${BR}\lesssim 10%$ can be obtained.
- Vbfnlo is a flexible parton level Monte Carlo program for the simulation of vector boson fusion (VBF), double and triple vector boson (plus jet) production in hadronic collisions at next-to-leading order (NLO) in the strong coupling constant, as well as Higgs boson plus two jet production via gluon fusion at the one-loop level. This note briefly describes the main additional features and processes that have been added in the new release -- Vbfnlo Version 2.6.0. At NLO QCD diboson production (W\gamma, WZ, ZZ, Z\gamma and \gamma\gamma), same-sign W pair production via vector boson fusion and the process W\gamma\gamma j have been implemented (for which one-loop tensor integrals up to six-point functions are included). In addition, gluon induced diboson production can be studied separately at the leading order (one-loop) level. The diboson processes WW, WZ and W\gamma can be run with anomalous gauge boson couplings, and anomalous couplings between a Higgs and a pair of gauge bosons is included in WW, ZZ, Z\gamma and \gamma\gamma diboson production. The code has also been extended to include anomalous gauge boson couplings for single vector boson production via VBF, and a spin-2 model has been implemented for diboson pair production via vector boson fusion.
- Both the ATLAS and CMS collaborations have reported a Standard Model Higgs-like excess at around $m_h = 125$ GeV. If an SM-like Higgs particle is discovered in this particular mass range, an important additional test of the SM electroweak symmetry breaking sector is the measurement of the Higgs self-interactions. We investigate the prospects of measuring the Higgs self-coupling for $m_h=125 \gev$ in the dominant SM decay channels in boosted and unboosted kinematical regimes. We further enhance sensitivity by considering dihiggs systems recoiling against a hard jet. This configuration exhibits a large sensitivity to the Higgs self-coupling which can be accessed in subjet-based analyses. Combining our analyses allows constraints to be set on the Higgs self-coupling at the LHC.
- Jun 05 2012 hep-ph arXiv:1206.0544v1The properties of multi-jet events impact many LHC analysis. The exclusive number of jets at hadron colliders can be described in terms of two simple patterns: staircase scaling and Poisson scaling. In photon plus jets production we can interpolate between the two patterns using simple kinematic cuts. The associated theoretical errors are well under control. Understanding such exclusive jet multiplicities significantly impacts Higgs searches and searches for supersymmetry at the LHC.
- We present recent results in precision multiboson (+jet) phenomenology at the LHC. Results for diboson + jet, triboson, and also for WAA + jet will be discussed focusing on the impact of the perturbative corrections on the expected phenomenology.
- Recent measurements by the ATLAS and CMS experiments have excluded the Standard Model Higgs boson in the high mass region, even if it is produced with a significantly smaller cross section than expected. The bounds are dominated by the non-observation of a signal in the clean gold-plated mode $h\to ZZ\to 4\ell$ and, hence, are directly related to the special role of the Higgs in electroweak symmetry breaking. A smaller cross section in comparison to the Standard Model is expected if the Higgs is realized as an unparticle in the Unhiggs scenario. With the LHC probing $\sigma/\sigma^{SM}<1$, we can therefore reinterpret the $h\to ZZ\to 4\ell$ exclusion limits as bounds on the Unhiggs' scaling dimension. Throughout the high Higgs mass range, where we expect a large signal in the presence of the Standard Model Higgs for the 2011 ATLAS and CMS data sets, the observed limits translate into mild bounds on the Unhiggs scaling dimension in the high mass region.
- Interpretations of searches for the Higgs boson are governed by model-dependent combinations of Higgs production cross sections and Higgs branching ratios. Mixing of the Higgs doublet with a hidden sector captures modifications from the Standard Model Higgs phenomenology in the standard search channels in a representative way, in particular because invisible Higgs decay modes open up. As a consequence, LHC exclusion bounds, which disfavor a heavy Standard Model Higgs can be consistently understood in terms of a standard-hidden mixed Higgs system. Shedding light on the possible existence of such an admixture with a hidden sector and quantifying the resemblance of an eventually discovered scalar resonance with the Standard Model Higgs crucially depends on measurement of invisible decays. This task will already be tackled at LHC, but eventually requires the clean environment of a future linear collider to be ultimately completed.
- Experimental falsification or validation of the Standard Model of Particle Physics involves the measurement of the CP quantum number and couplings of the Higgs boson. Both ATLAS and CMS have reported an SM Higgs-like excess around m_H=125 GeV. In this mass range the properties of the Higgs boson can be extracted from an analysis of the azimuthal angle distribution of the two jets in pp->Hjj events. This channel is also important to measure the couplings of the Higgs boson to electroweak gauge bosons and fermions, hereby establishing the exceptional role of the Higgs boson in the Standard Model. Instead of exploiting the jet angular correlation, we show that hadronic event shapes exhibit substantial discriminative power to separate a CP even from a CP odd Higgs. Some event shapes even show an increased sensitivity to the Higgs CP compared to the azimuthal angle correlation. Constraining the Higgs couplings via a separation of the weak boson fusion and the gluon fusion Higgs production modes can be achieved applying similar strategies.
- We investigate whether or not perturbative unitarity is preserved in the Unhiggs model for the scattering process of heavy quarks and longitudinal gauge bosons $\bar q q \to V_L^+ V_L^-$. With the Yukawa coupling given in the original formulation of the Unhiggs model, the model preserves unitarity for Unhiggs scaling dimensions $d\leq 1.5$. We examine the LHC phenomenology that is implied by the Unhiggs model in this parameter range in detail and discuss to what extent the LHC can test $d$ if an excess is measured in the phenomenologically clean $ZZ$ channel in the future or if the LHC measurement remains consistent with the background. We then make use of the AdS/CFT correspondence to derive a new Yukawa coupling that is conformally invariant at high energies, and show that with this Yukawa coupling the theory is unitary for $1 \leq d < 2$.
- We review recent results in precision multiboson+jet phenomenology at the LHC. We discuss strategies how to compute these processes at NLO QCD and examine the impact of the perturbative corrections on the expected phenomenology, especially in the context of anomalous gauge boson couplings searches.
- Interpretations of Higgs searches critically involve production cross sections and decay probabilities for different analysis channels. Mixing effects can reduce production rates, while invisible decays can reduce decay probabilities. Both effects can transparently be quantified in Higgs systems where a visible Higgs boson is mixed with a hidden sector Higgs boson. Recent experimental exclusion bounds can be re-interpreted in this context as a sign for non-standard Higgs properties. Should a light Higgs boson be discovered, then our analysis will quantify how closely it may coincide with the Standard Model.
- Non-standard decays of the Higgs boson produced at the Large Hadron Collider can lead to signatures which can easily be missed due to non-adapted trigger or search strategies. Keeping electroweak symmetry breaking Standard Model-like we classify the phenomenology of an evasive Higgs boson into three categories and discuss how they can be described in an effective field theory. We comment on how one can improve the search strategies to also detect such an evasive Higgs.
- Oct 06 2011 hep-ph arXiv:1110.1043v2W+jets, Z+jets and QCD multijet production processes at hadron colliders are backgrounds to many searches for physics beyond the Standard Model which involve leptons and missing energy in the final state. We review the current theoretical and experimental status of these processes at the LHC. Furthermore, we discuss several methods that allow for reliable predictions for these processes in the context of new-physics searches.
- Staircase and Poisson scaling are two typical patterns we observe for the exclusive number of jets at high energy hadron colliders. We examine these scaling properties for photon plus jets production at the LHC and find that this channel is well suited to study these features. We illustrate and discuss when to expect each of the two patterns, how to induce a transition through kinematic cuts, and how photons are related to heavy gauge bosons. Measurements of photon+jets production is therefore providing valuable information on exclusive jet scaling, which is going to help to eventually understand the theoretical origin of exclusive jet scaling properties in more detail.