results for au:Dong_D in:math

- We prove that for a large class of functions $P$ and $Q$, there exists $d\in (0,1)$ such that the discrete bilinear Radon transform $$B^\rm dis_P,Q(f,g)(n)=\sum_m∈\mathbbZ∖{0} f(n-P(m))g(n-Q(m))\frac1m$$ is bounded from $l^2\times l^2$ into $l^{1+\epsilon}$ for any $\epsilon\in (d,1)$. In particular, the boundedness holds for any $\epsilon\in (0,1)$ when $P$ (or $Q$) is the Euler totient function $\phi(|m|)$ or the prime counting function $\pi(|m|)$.
- Sep 22 2017 math.CA arXiv:1709.07162v1We prove the boundedness of a class of tri-linear operators consisting of a quasi piece of bilinear Hilbert transform whose scale equals to or dominates the scale of its linear counter part. Such type of operators is motivated by the tri-linear Hilbert transform and its curved versions.
- Sep 04 2017 math.NT arXiv:1709.00080v3We prove that, under certain conditions on the function pair $\varphi_1$ and $\varphi_2$, bilinear average $p^{-1}\sum_{y\in \mathbb{F}_p}f_1(x+\varphi_1(y)) f_2(x+\varphi_2(y))$ along curve $(\varphi_1, \varphi_2)$ satisfies certain decay estimate. As a consequence, Roth type theorems hold in the setting of finite fields. In particular, if $\varphi_1,\varphi_2\in \mathbb{F}_p[X]$ with $\varphi_1(0)=\varphi_2(0)=0$ are linearly independent polynomials, then for any $A\subset \mathbb{F}_p, |A|=\delta p$ with $\delta>c p^{-\frac{1}{12}}$, there are $\gtrsim \delta^3p^2$ triplets $x,x+\varphi_1(y), x+\varphi_2(y)\in A$. This extends a recent result of Bourgain and Chang who initiated this type of problems, and strengthens the bound in a result of Peluse, who generalized Bourgain and Chang's work. The proof uses discrete Fourier analysis and algebraic geometry.
- Aug 07 2017 math.CA arXiv:1708.01326v1We prove that the bilinear Hilbert transform along two polynomials $B_{P,Q}(f,g)(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}f(x-P(t))g(x-Q(t))\frac{dt}{t}$ is bounded from $L^p \times L^q$ to $L^r$ for a large range of $(p,q,r)$, as long as the polynomials $P$ and $Q$ have distinct leading and trailing degrees. The same boundedness property holds for the corresponding bilinear maximal function $\mathcal{M}_{P,Q}(f,g)(x)=\sup_{\epsilon>0}\frac{1}{2\epsilon}\int_{-\epsilon}^{\epsilon} |f(x-P(t))g(x-Q(t))|dt$.
- The purpose of this paper is to solve a fault tolerant filtering and fault detection problem for a class of open quantum systems driven by a continuous-mode bosonic input field in single photon states when the systems are subject to stochastic faults. Optimal estimates of both the system observables and the fault process are simultaneously calculated and characterized by a set of coupled recursive quantum stochastic differential equations.
- This paper aims to determine the fault tolerant quantum filter and fault detection equation for a class of open quantum systems coupled to a laser field that is subject to stochastic faults. In order to analyze this class of open quantum systems, we propose a quantum-classical Bayesian inference method based on the definition of a so-called quantum-classical conditional expectation. It is shown that the proposed Bayesian inference approach provides a convenient tool to simultaneously derive the fault tolerant quantum filter and the fault detection equation for this class of open quantum systems. An example of two-level open quantum systems subject to Poisson-type faults is presented to illustrate the proposed method. These results have the potential to lead to a new fault tolerant control theory for quantum systems.
- In this paper, we propose and study a master-equation based approach to drive a quantum network with $n$ qubits to a consensus (symmetric) state introduced by Mazzarella et al. The state evolution of the quantum network is described by a Lindblad master equation with the Lindblad terms generated by continuous-time swapping operators, which also introduce an underlying interaction graph. We establish a graphical method that bridges the proposed quantum consensus scheme and classical consensus dynamics by studying an induced graph (with $2^{2n}$ nodes) of the quantum interaction graph (with $n$ qubits). A fundamental connection is then shown that quantum consensus over the quantum graph is equivalent to componentwise classical consensus over the induced graph, which allows various existing works on classical consensus to be applicable to the quantum setting. Some basic scaling and structural properties of the quantum induced graph are established via combinatorial analysis. Necessary and sufficient conditions for exponential and asymptotic quantum consensus are obtained, respectively, for switching quantum interaction graphs. As a quantum analogue of classical synchronization of coupled oscillators, quantum synchronization conditions are also presented, in which the reduced states of all qubits tend to a common trajectory.
- The concept of topological persistence, introduced recently in computational topology, finds applications in studying a map in relation to the topology of its domain. Since its introduction, it has been extended and generalized in various directions. However, no attempt has been made so far to extend the concept of topological persistence to a generalization of `maps' such as cocycles which are discrete analogs of closed differential forms, a well known concept in differential geometry. We define a notion of topological persistence for 1-cocycles in this paper and show how to compute its relevant numbers. It turns out that, instead of the standard persistence, one of its variants which we call level persistence can be leveraged for this purpose. It is worth mentioning that 1-cocyles appear in practice such as in data ranking or in discrete vector fields.
- This paper proposes a robust control method based on sliding mode design for two-level quantum systems with bounded uncertainties. An eigenstate of the two-level quantum system is identified as a sliding mode. The objective is to design a control law to steer the system's state into the sliding mode domain and then maintain it in that domain when bounded uncertainties exist in the system Hamiltonian. We propose a controller design method using the Lyapunov methodology and periodic projective measurements. In particular, we give conditions for designing such a control law, which can guarantee the desired robustness in the presence of the uncertainties. The sliding mode control method has potential applications to quantum information processing with uncertainties.
- This paper presents a survey on quantum control theory and applications from a control systems perspective. Some of the basic concepts and main developments (including open-loop control and closed-loop control) in quantum control theory are reviewed. In the area of open-loop quantum control, the paper surveys the notion of controllability for quantum systems and presents several control design strategies including optimal control, Lyapunov-based methodologies, variable structure control and quantum incoherent control. In the area of closed-loop quantum control, the paper reviews closed-loop learning control and several important issues related to quantum feedback control including quantum filtering, feedback stabilization, LQG control and robust quantum control.