results for au:Cleju_N in:cs

- Optimizing the acquisition matrix is useful for compressed sensing of signals that are sparse in overcomplete dictionaries, because the acquisition matrix can be adapted to the particular correlations of the dictionary atoms. In this paper a novel formulation of the optimization problem is proposed, in the form of a rank-constrained nearest correlation matrix problem. Furthermore, improvements for three existing optimization algorithms are introduced, which are shown to be particular instances of the proposed formulation. Simulation results show notable improvements and superior robustness in sparse signal recovery.
- Analysis based reconstruction has recently been introduced as an alternative to the well-known synthesis sparsity model used in a variety of signal processing areas. In this paper we convert the analysis exact-sparse reconstruction problem to an equivalent synthesis recovery problem with a set of additional constraints. We are therefore able to use existing synthesis-based algorithms for analysis-based exact-sparse recovery. We call this the Analysis-By-Synthesis (ABS) approach. We evaluate our proposed approach by comparing it against the recent Greedy Analysis Pursuit (GAP) analysis-based recovery algorithm. The results show that our approach is a viable option for analysis-based reconstruction, while at the same time allowing many algorithms that have been developed for synthesis reconstruction to be directly applied for analysis reconstruction as well.
- Network coding permits to deploy distributed packet delivery algorithms that locally adapt to the network availability in media streaming applications. However, it may also increase delay and computational complexity if it is not implemented efficiently. We address here the effective placement of nodes that implement randomized network coding in overlay networks, so that the goodput is kept high while the delay for decoding stays small in streaming applications. We first estimate the decoding delay at each client, which depends on the innovative rate in the network. This estimation permits to identify the nodes that have to perform coding for a reduced decoding delay. We then propose two iterative algorithms for selecting the nodes that should perform network coding. The first algorithm relies on the knowledge of the full network statistics. The second algorithm uses only local network statistics at each node. Simulation results show that large performance gains can be achieved with the selection of only a few network coding nodes. Moreover, the second algorithm performs very closely to the central estimation strategy, which demonstrates that the network coding nodes can be selected efficiently in a distributed manner. Our scheme shows large gains in terms of achieved throughput, delay and video quality in realistic overlay networks when compared to methods that employ traditional streaming strategies as well as random network nodes selection algorithms.