Legal professionals worldwide are currently trying to get up-to-pace with the explosive growth in legal document availability through digital means. This drives a need for high efficiency Legal Information Retrieval (IR) and Question Answering (QA) methods. The IR task in particular has a set of unique challenges that invite the use of semantic motivated NLP techniques. In this work, a two-stage method for Legal Information Retrieval is proposed, combining lexical statistics and distributional sentence representations in the context of Competition on Legal Information Extraction/Entailment (COLIEE). The combination is done with the use of disambiguation rules, applied over the rankings obtained through n-gram statistics. After the ranking is done, its results are evaluated for ambiguity, and disambiguation is done if a result is decided to be unreliable for a given query. Competition and experimental results indicate small gains in overall retrieval performance using the proposed approach. Additionally, an analysis of error and improvement cases is presented for a better understanding of the contributions.
Flight delays have a negative effect on airlines, airports and passengers. Their prediction is crucial during the decision-making process for all players of commercial aviation. Moreover, the development of accurate prediction models for flight delays became cumbersome due to the complexity of air transportation system, the amount of methods for prediction, and the deluge of data related to such system. In this context, this paper presents a thorough literature review of approaches used to build flight delay prediction models from the Data Science perspective. We propose a taxonomy and summarize the initiatives used to address the flight delay prediction problem, according to scope, data and computational methods, giving special attention to an increasing usage of machine learning methods. Besides, we also present a timeline of major works that depicts relationships between flight delay prediction problems and research trends to address them.
Static verification of a program source code correctness is an important element of software reliability. Formal verification of software programs involves proving that a program satisfies a formal specification of its behavior. Many languages use both static and dynamic type checking. With such approach, the static type checker verifies everything possible at compile time, and dynamic checks the remaining. The current state of the Jolie programming language includes a dynamic type system. Consequently, it allows avoidable run-time errors. A static type system for the language has been formally defined on paper but lacks an implementation yet. In this paper, we describe a prototype of Jolie Static Type Checker (JSTC), which employs a technique based on a SMT solver. We describe the theory behind and the implementation, and the process of static analysis.
In the context of the Competition on Legal Information Extraction/Entailment (COLIEE), we propose a method comprising the necessary steps for finding relevant documents to a legal question and deciding on textual entailment evidence to provide a correct answer. The proposed method is based on the combination of several lexical and morphological characteristics, to build a language model and a set of features for Machine Learning algorithms. We provide a detailed study on the proposed method performance and failure cases, indicating that it is competitive with state-of-the-art approaches on Legal Information Retrieval and Question Answering, while not needing extensive training data nor depending on expert produced knowledge. The proposed method achieved significant results in the competition, indicating a substantial level of adequacy for the tasks addressed.
Feb 10 2015 cs.LO
We prove a completeness result for Multiplicative Exponential Linear Logic (MELL): we show that the relational model is injective for MELL proof-nets, i.e. the equality between MELL proof-nets in the relational model is exactly axiomatized by cut-elimination.
We prove that given two cut free nets of linear logic, by means of their relational interpretations one can: 1) first determine whether or not the net obtained by cutting the two nets is strongly normalizable 2) then (in case it is strongly normalizable) compute the maximal length of the reduction sequences starting from that net.
Feb 17 2010 cs.LO
We show that for Multiplicative Exponential Linear Logic (without weakenings) the syntactical equivalence relation on proofs induced by cut-elimination coincides with the semantic equivalence relation on proofs induced by the multiset based relational model: one says that the interpretation in the model (or the semantics) is injective. We actually prove a stronger result: two cut-free proofs of the full multiplicative and exponential fragment of linear logic whose interpretations coincide in the multiset based relational model are the same "up to the connections between the doors of exponential boxes".
The multiset based relational model of linear logic induces a semantics of the type free lambda-calculus, which corresponds to a non-idempotent intersection type system, System R. We prove that, in System R, the size of the type derivations and the size of the types are closely related to the execution time of lambda-terms in a particular environment machine, Krivine's machine.
Mar 30 2006 cs.CV
In this paper, we focus on Fourier analysis and holographic transforms for signal representation. For instance, in the case of image processing, the holographic representation has the property that an arbitrary portion of the transformed image enables reconstruction of the whole image with details missing. We focus on holographic representation defined through the Fourier Transforms. Thus, We firstly review some results in Fourier transform and Fourier series. Next, we review the Discrete Holographic Fourier Transform (DHFT) for image representation. Then, we describe the contributions of our work. We show a simple scheme for progressive transmission based on the DHFT. Next, we propose the Continuous Holographic Fourier Transform (CHFT) and discuss some theoretical aspects of it for 1D signals. Finally, some testes are presented in the experimental results