results for au:Campbell_R in:cs
Convolutional autoregressive models have recently demonstrated state-of-the-art performance on a number of generation tasks. While fast, parallel training methods have been crucial for their success, generation is typically implemented in a naïve fashion where redundant computations are unnecessarily repeated. This results in slow generation, making such models infeasible for production environments. In this work, we describe a method to speed up generation in convolutional autoregressive models. The key idea is to cache hidden states to avoid redundant computation. We apply our fast generation method to the Wavenet and PixelCNN++ models and achieve up to $21\times$ and $183\times$ speedups respectively.
Dec 05 2016 cs.DC
During the past decade, machine learning has become extremely popular and can be found in many aspects of our every day life. Nowayadays with explosion of data while rapid growth of computation capacity, Distributed Deep Neural Networks (DDNNs) which can improve their performance linearly with more computation resources, have become hot and trending. However, there has not been an in depth study of the performance of these systems, and how well they scale. In this paper we analyze CNTK, one of the most commonly used DDNNs, by first building a performance model and then evaluating the system two settings: a small cluster with all nodes in a single rack connected to a top of rack switch, and in large scale using Blue Waters with arbitary placement of nodes. Our main focus was the scalability of the system with respect to adding more nodes. Based on our results, this system has an excessive initialization overhead because of poor I/O utilization which dominates the whole execution time. Because of this, the system does not scale beyond a few nodes (4 in Blue Waters). Additionally, due to a single server-multiple worker design the server becomes a bottleneck after 16 nodes limiting the scalability of the CNTK.
Neural networks are usually over-parameterized with significant redundancy in the number of required neurons which results in unnecessary computation and memory usage at inference time. One common approach to address this issue is to prune these big networks by removing extra neurons and parameters while maintaining the accuracy. In this paper, we propose NoiseOut, a fully automated pruning algorithm based on the correlation between activations of neurons in the hidden layers. We prove that adding additional output neurons with entirely random targets results into a higher correlation between neurons which makes pruning by NoiseOut even more efficient. Finally, we test our method on various networks and datasets. These experiments exhibit high pruning rates while maintaining the accuracy of the original network.