- University of Warwick
- Coventry, United Kingdom
- http://pabryan.github.io/
- Joined 21 Dec 2015

Mar 23 2017 02:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published Harnack inequalities for curvature flows in Riemannian and Lorentzian manifolds

We obtain Harnack estimates for a class of curvature flows in Riemannian manifolds of constant non-negative sectional curvature as well as in the Lorentzian Minkowski and de Sitter spaces. Furthermore, we prove a Harnack estimate with a bonus term for mean curvature flow in locally symmetric Riemannian Einstein manifold of non-negative sectional curvature. Using a concept of "duality" for strictly convex hypersurfaces, we also obtain a new type of inequalities, so-called "pseudo"-Harnack inequalities, for expanding flows in the sphere and in the hyperbolic space.

Aug 10 2016 02:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published A unified flow approach to smooth, even $L_p$-Minkowski problems

We study long-time existence and asymptotic behaviour for a class of anisotropic, expanding curvature flows. For this we adapt new curvature estimates, which were developed by Guan, Ren and Wang to treat some stationary prescribed curvature problems. As an application we give a unified flow approach to the existence of smooth, even $L_p$-Minkowski problems in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ for $p>-n-1.$

Apr 07 2016 02:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published On the classification of ancient solutions to curvature flows on the sphere

We consider the evolution of hypersurfaces on the unit sphere $\mathbb{S}^{n+1}$ by smooth functions of the Weingarten map. We introduce the notion of `quasi-ancient' solutions for flows that do not admit non-trivial, convex, ancient solutions. Such solutions are somewhat analogous to ancient solutions for flows such as the mean curvature flow, or 1-homogeneous flows. The techniques presented here allow us to prove that any convex, quasi-ancient solution of a curvature flow which satisfies a backwards in time uniform bound on mean curvature must be stationary or a family of shrinking geodesic spheres. The main tools are geometric, employing the maximum principle, a rigidity result in the sphere and an Alexandrov reflection argument. We emphasize that no homogeneity or convexity/concavity restrictions are placed on the speed, though we do also offer a short classification proof for several such restricted cases.

Jan 27 2016 16:29 UTC

Paul Bryan subscribed to Analysis of PDEs

Dec 21 2015 13:51 UTC

Paul Bryan subscribed to Differential Geometry

Dec 11 2015 02:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published Harnack inequalities for evolving hypersurfaces on the sphere

We prove Harnack inequalities for hypersurfaces flowing on the unit sphere by $p$-powers of a strictly monotone, 1-homogeneous, convex, curvature function $f$, $0<p\leq 1.$ If $f$ is the mean curvature, we obtain stronger Harnack inequalities.

Aug 13 2015 02:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published Harnack estimate for mean curvature flow on the sphere

We consider the evolution of hypersurfaces on the unit sphere $\mathbb{S}^{n+1}$ by their mean curvature. We prove a differential Harnack inequality for any weakly convex solution to the mean curvature flow. As an application, by applying an Aleksandrov reflection argument, we classify convex, ancient solutions of the mean curvature flow on the sphere.

Aug 26 2014 01:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published Classification of Convex Ancient Solutions to Curve Shortening Flow on the Sphere

We prove that the only closed, embedded ancient solutions to the curve shortening flow on $\mathbb{S}^2$ are equators or shrinking circles, starting at an equator at time $t=-\infty$ and collapsing to the north pole at time $t=0$. To obtain the result, we first prove a Harnack inequality for the curve shortening flow on the sphere. Then an application of the Gauss-Bonnet, easily allows us to obtain curvature bounds for ancient solutions leading to backwards smooth convergence to an equator. To complete the proof, we use an Aleksandrov reflection argument to show that maximal symmetry is preserved under the flow.

Mar 20 2014 01:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published Curvature bounds via an isoperimetric comparison for Ricci flow on surfaces

A comparison theorem for the isoperimetric profile on the universal cover of surfaces evolving by normalised Ricci flow is proven. For any initial metric, a model comparison is constructed that initially lies below the profile of the initial metric and which converges to the profile of the constant curvature metric. The comparison theorem implies that the evolving metric is bounded below by the model comparison for all time and hence converges to the constant curvature profile. This yields a curvature bound and a bound on the isoperimetric constant, leading to a direct proof that the metric converges to the constant curvature metric.

Apr 06 2011 01:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published A comparison theorem for the isoperimetric profile under curve shortening flow

We prove a comparison theorem for the isoperimetric profiles of simple closed curves evolving by the normalized curve shortening flow: If the isoperimetric profile of the region enclosed by the initial curve is greater than that of some `model' convex region with exactly four vertices and with reflection symmetry in both axes, then the inequality remains true for the isoperimetric profiles of the evolved regions. We apply this using the Angenent solution as the model region to deduce sharp time-dependent upper bounds on curvature for arbitrary embedded closed curves evolving by the normalized curve shortening flow. A slightly different comparison also gives lower bounds on curvature, and the result is a simple and direct proof of Grayson's theorem without use of any blowup or compactness arguments, Harnack estimates, or classification of self-similar solutions.

Aug 26 2009 01:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published Curvature bounds by isoperimetric comparison for normalized Ricci flow on the two-sphere

We prove a comparison theorem for the isoperimetric profiles of solutions of the normalized Ricci flow on the two-sphere: If the isoperimetric profile of the initial metric is greater than that of some positively curved axisymmetric metric, then the inequality remains true for the isoperimetric profiles of the evolved metrics. We apply this using the Rosenau solution as the model metric to deduce sharp time-dependent curvature bounds for arbitrary solutions of the normalized Ricci flow on the two-sphere. This gives a simple and direct proof of convergence to a constant curvature metric without use of any blowup or compactness arguments, Harnack estimates, or any classification of behaviour near singularities.

Aug 20 2009 01:00 UTC

Paul Bryan published Curvature bound for curve shortening flow via distance comparison and a direct proof of Grayson's theorem

A new isoperimetric estimate is proved for embedded closed curves evolving by curve shortening flow, normalized to have total length $2\pi$. The estimate bounds the length of any chord from below in terms of the arc length between its endpoints and elapsed time. Applying the estimate to short segments we deduce directly that the maximum curvature decays exponentially to 1. This gives a self-contained proof of Grayson's theorem which does not require the monotonicity formula or the classification of singularities.

Dec 21 2015 13:34 UTC

Paul Bryan joined SciRate