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    Dijet events are studied in the proton--proton collision dataset recorded at $\sqrt{s}=$13 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider in 2015 and 2016, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 3.5 fb$^{-1}$ and 33.5 fb$^{-1}$ respectively. Invariant mass and angular distributions are compared to background predictions and no significant deviation is observed. For resonance searches, a new method for fitting the background component of the invariant mass distribution is employed. The dataset is then used to set upper limits at a 95% confidence level on a range of new physics scenarios. Excited quarks with masses below 6.0 TeV are excluded, and limits are set on quantum black holes, heavy W' bosons, W* bosons, and a range of masses and couplings in a Z' dark matter mediator model. Model-independent limits on signals with a Gaussian shape are also set, using a new approach allowing factorization of physics and detector effects. From the angular distributions, a scale of new physics in contact interaction models is excluded for scenarios with either constructive or destructive interference. These results represent a substantial improvement over those obtained previously with lower integrated luminosity.
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    If a significant fraction of the dark matter in the Universe is made of an ultra-light scalar field, named fuzzy dark matter (FDM) with a mass $m_a$ of the order of $10^{-22}-10^{-21}$ eV, then its de Broglie wavelength is large enough to impact the physics of large scale structure formation. In particular, the associated cutoff in the linear matter power spectrum modifies the structure of the intergalactic medium (IGM) at the scales probed by the Lyman-$\alpha$ forest of distant quasars. We study this effect by making use of dedicated cosmological simulations which take into account the hydrodynamics of the IGM. We explore heuristically the amplitude of quantum pressure for the FDM masses considered here and conclude that quantum effects should not modify significantly the non-linear evolution of matter density at the scales relevant to the measured Lyman-$\alpha$ flux power, and for $m_a \geq 10^{-22}$ eV. We derive a scaling law between $m_a$ and the mass of the well-studied thermal warm dark matter (WDM) model that is best adapted to the Lyman-$\alpha$ forest data, and differs significantly from the one infered by a simple linear extrapolation. By comparing FDM simulations with the Lyman-$\alpha$ flux power spectra determined from the BOSS survey, and marginalizing over relevant nuisance parameters, we exclude FDM masses in the range $10^{-22} \leq m_a < 2.3\times 10^{-21}$ eV at 95 \% CL. Adding higher-resolution Lyman-$\alpha$ spectra extends the exclusion range up to $2.9\times 10^{-21}$ eV. This provides a significant constraint on FDM models tailored to solve the "small-scale problems" of $\Lambda$CDM.
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    We generalise Gabidulin codes to the case of infinite fields, eventually with characteristic zero. For this purpose, we consider an abstract field extension and any automorphism in the Galois group. We derive some conditions on the automorphism to be able to have a proper notion of rank metric which is in coherence with linearized polynomials. Under these conditions, we generalize Gabidulin codes and provide a decoding algorithm which decode both errors and erasures. Then, we focus on codes over integer rings and how to decode them. We are then faced with the problem of the exponential growth of intermediate values, and to circumvent the problem, it is natural to propose to do computations modulo a prime ideal. For this, we study the reduction of generalized Gabidulin codes over number ideals codes modulo a prime ideal, and show they are classical Gabidulin codes. As a consequence, knowing side information on the size of the errors or the message, we can reduce the decoding problem over the integer ring to a decoding problem over a finite field. We also give examples and timings.
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    This paper considers the remote state estimation in a cyber-physical system (CPS) using multiple sensors. The measurements of each sensor are transmitted to a remote estimator over a shared channel, where simultaneous transmissions from other sensors are regarded as interference signals. In such a competitive environment, each sensor needs to choose its transmission power for sending data packets taking into account of other sensors' behavior. To model this interactive decision-making process among the sensors, we introduce a multi-player non-cooperative game framework. To overcome the inefficiency arising from the Nash equilibrium (NE) solution, we propose a correlation policy, along with the notion of correlation equilibrium (CE). An analytical comparison of the game value between the NE and the CE is provided, with/without the power expenditure constraints for each sensor. Also, numerical simulations demonstrate the comparison results.
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    The evanescent field outside an optical nanofiber (ONF) can create optical traps for neutral atoms. We present a non-destructive method to characterize such trapping potentials. An off-resonance linearly polarized probe beam that propagates through the ONF experiences a slow axis of polarization produced by trapped atoms on opposite sides along the ONF. The transverse atomic motion is imprinted onto the probe polarization through the changing atomic index of of refraction. By applying a transient impulse, we measure a time-dependent polarization rotation of the probe beam that provides both a rapid and non-destructive measurement of the optical trapping frequencies.
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    For the polynomial ring over an arbitrary field with twelve variables, there exists a prime ideal whose symbolic Rees algebra is not finitely generated.
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    In this paper, we describe measurements of the response functions of a fiber-based dual- readout calorimeter for pions, protons and multiparticle "jets" with energies in the range from 10 to 180 GeV. The calorimeter uses lead as absorber material and has a total mass of 1350 kg. It is complemented by leakage counters made of scintillating plastic, with a total mass of 500 kg. The effects of these leakage counters on the calorimeter performance are studied as well. In a separate section, we investigate and compare different methods to measure the energy resolution of a calorimeter. Using only the signals provided by the calorimeter, we demonstrate that our dual-readout calorimeter, calibrated with electrons, is able to reconstruct the energy of proton and pion beam particles to within a few percent at all energies. The fractional widths of the signal distributions for these particles (sigma/E) scale with the beam energy as 30%/sqrt(E), without any additional contributing terms.
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    We investigate the dynamics of a spin-orbit (SO) coupled BECs in a time dependent harmonic trap and show the dynamical system to be completely integrable by constructing the Lax pair. We then employ gauge transformation approach to witness the rapid oscillations of the condensates for a relatively smaller value of SO coupling in a time independent harmonic trap compared to their counterparts in a transient trap. Keeping track of the evolution of the condensates in a transient trap during its transition from confining to expulsive trap, we notice that they collapse in the expulsive trap. We further show that one can manipulate the scattering length through Feshbach resonance to stretch the lifetime of the confining trap and revive the condensate. Considering a SO coupled state as the initial state, the numerical simulation indicates that the reinforcement of Rabi coupling on SO coupled BECs generates the striped phase of the bright solitons and does not impact the stability of the condensates despite destroying the integrability of the dynamical system.
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    The compact and, with about 4.3+-0.3 million solar masses, very massive object located at the center of the Milky Way is currently the very best candidate for a supermassive black hole (SMBH) in our immediate vicinity. If SgrA* is indeed a SMBH it will, in projection onto the sky, have the largest event horizon and will certainly be the first and most important target for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations currently being prepared by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). These observations in combination with the infrared interferometry experiment GRAVITY at the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) and other experiments across the electromagnetic spectrum might yield proof for the presence of a black hole at the center of the Milky Way. This manuscript reviews the observational facts, theoretical grounds and conceptual aspects for the case of SgrA* being a black hole. We treat theory and observations in the framework of the philosophical discussions about "(Anti)Realism and Underdetermination", as this line of arguments allows us to describe the situation in observational astrophysics with respect to supermassive black holes. Questions concerning the existence of supermassive black holes and in particular SgrA* are discussed using causation as an indispensable element. We show that the results of our investigation are convincingly mapped out by this combination of concepts.
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    It has been recently reported that the reciprocity of real-life weighted networks is very pronounced, however its impact on dynamical processes is poorly understood. In this paper, we study random walks in a scale-free directed weighted network with a trap at the central hub node, where the weight of each directed edge is dominated by a parameter controlling the extent of network reciprocity. We derive two expressions for the mean first passage time (MFPT) to the trap, by using two different techniques, the results of which agree well with each other. We also analytically determine all the eigenvalues as well as their multiplicities for the fundamental matrix of the dynamical process, and show that the largest eigenvalue has an identical dominant scaling as that of the MFPT.We find that the weight parameter has a substantial effect on the MFPT, which behaves as a power-law function of the system size with the power exponent dependent on the parameter, signaling the crucial role of reciprocity in random walks occurring in weighted networks.
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    Eddy current flow meters (ECFM) are widely used for measuring the flow velocity of electrically conducting fluids. Since the flow induced perturbations of a magnetic field depend both on the geometry and the conductivity of the fluid, extensive calibration is needed to get accurate results. Transient eddy current flow metering (TECFM) has been developed to overcome this problem. It relies on tracking the position of an impressed eddy current system which is moving with the same velocity as the conductive fluid. We present an immersed version of this measurement technique and demonstrate its viability by numerical simulations and a first experimental validation.
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    This paper is devoted to prove the existence of one or multiple solutions of a wide range of nonlinear differential boundary value problems. To this end, we obtain some new fixed point theorems for a class of integral operators. We follow the well-known Krasnoselskiı̆'s fixed point Theorem together with two fixed point results of Leggett-Williams type. After obtaining a general existence result for a one parameter family of nonlinear differential equations, are proved, as particular cases, existence results for second and fourth order nonlinear boundary value problems.
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    Fluctuations of conserved quantities, such as baryon, electric charge and strangeness number, are sensitive observables in heavy-ion collisions to search for the QCD phase transition and critical point. In this paper, we performed a systematical analysis on the various cumulants and cumulant ratios of event-by-event net-strangeness distributions in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV from UrQMD model. We performed a systematical study on the contributions from various strange baryons and mesons to the net-strangeness fluctuations. The results demonstrate that the cumulants and cumulant ratios of net-strangeness distributions extracted from different strange particles show very different centrality and energy dependence behavior. By comparing with the net-kaon fluctuations, we found that the strange baryons play an important role in the fluctuations of net-strangeness. This study can provide useful baselines to study the QCD phase transition and search for the QCD critical point by using the fluctuations of net-strangeness in heavy-ion collisions experiment. It can help us to understand non-critical physics contributions to the fluctuations of net-strangeness.
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    Let Q be an acyclic quiver. The dimension vectors of indecomposable rigid representations are called real Schur roots. We give a conjectural description for real Schur roots of Q using non-self-intersecting paths on Riemann surfaces, and prove it for certain quivers of finite types and for the quivers with three or less vertices and multiple arrows between every pair of vertices. Each of such paths gives rise to a reflection of the Weyl group of the corresponding Kac--Moody algebra and determines a real Schur root uniquely.
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    In this paper we prove that translation structures for which the corresponding vertical translation flows is weakly mixing and disjoint with its inverse, form a $G_\delta$-dense set in every non-hyperelliptic connected component of the moduli space $\mathcal M$. This is in contrast to hyperelliptic case, where for every translation structure the associated vertical flow is isomorphic to its inverse. To prove the main result, we study limits of the off-diagonal 3-joinings of special representations of vertical translation flows. Moreover, we construct a locally defined continuous embedding of the moduli space into the space of measure-preserving flows to obtain the $G_\delta$-condition.
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    When matter is exposed to a high-intensity x-ray free-electron-laser pulse, the x rays excite inner-shell electrons leading to the ionization of the electrons through various atomic processes and creating high-energy-density plasma, i.e., warm dense matter. The resulting system consists of atoms in various electronic configurations, thermalizing on sub-picosecond to picosecond timescales after photoexcitation. We present a simulation study of x-ray-heated warm dense matter. For this we use XMDYN, a Monte-Carlo molecular-dynamics-based code with periodic boundary conditions, which allows one to investigate non-equilibrium dynamics and in particular, the approach to equilibrium. XMDYN is capable of treating systems containing light and heavy atomic species with full electronic configuration space and 3D spatial inhomogeneity. We compare the electron temperatures and the ion charge-state distribution from XMDYN to results on the thermalized system based on the average-atom model implemented in XATOM, an \textitab-initio x-ray atomic physics toolkit extended to include a plasma environment. Further, we also compare average charge evolution for a system reaching towards equilibrium with the predictions of a Boltzmann continuum approach. We demonstrate that XMDYN results are in good quantitative agreement with the above mentioned approaches, suggesting that the current implementation of XMDYN is a viable approach to simulate the dynamics of x-ray-driven matter.
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    The aim of this paper is to study the following fourth-order operator: T[p,c]\u2009u(t)≡u^(4)(t)-p\u2009u"(t)+c(t)\u2009u(t)\,,\quad t∈I≡[a,b]\,, coupled with the non-homogeneous simply supported beam boundary conditions: u(a)=u(b)=0\,,\quad u"(a)=d_1\leq0\,,\ u"(b)=d_2≤0\,. First, we prove a result which makes an equivalence between the strongly inverse positive (negative) character of this operator with the previously introduced boundary conditions and with the homogeneous boundary conditions, given by: T[p,c]\u2009u(t)=h(t)(\geq0)\,, u(a)=u(b)=u"(a)=u"(b)=0\,, Once that we have done that, we prove several results where the strongly inverse positive (negative) character of $T[p,c]$ it is ensured. Finally, there are shown a couple of result which say that under the hypothesis that $h>0$, we can affirm that the problem for the homogeneous boundary conditions has a unique constant sign solution.
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    We present results on the growth of CdTe-HgTe core-shell nanowires, a realization of a quasi one-dimensional heterostructure of the topological insulator HgTe. The growth is a two step process consisting of the growth of single crystalline zinc blende CdTe nanowires with the vapor-liquid-solid method and the overgrowth of these wires with HgTe such that a closed shell is formed around the CdTe core structure. The CdTe wire growth is monitored by RHEED allowing us to infer information on the crystal properties from the electron diffraction pattern. This information is used to find and control the optimal growth temperature. High quality single crystal CdTe nanowires grow with a preferred orientation. For the growth of the conductive HgTe shell structure we find that the supplied Hg:Te ratio is the crucial parameter to facilitate growth on all surface facets.
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    We deal with reflected solutions of anticipated backward doubly stochastic differential equations (RABDSDEs) driven by Teugels martingales associated with Lévy process under a Lipschitz generator where the coefficients of these BDSDEs depend on the future and present value of the solution $\left( Y,Z\right) $. Also we study the existence of a solution for anticipated BDSDEs.
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    We study fractional variational problems of Herglotz type of variable order. Necessary optimality conditions, described by fractional differential equations depending on a combined Caputo fractional derivative of variable order, are proved. Two different cases are considered: the fundamental problem, with one independent variable, and the general case, with several independent variables. We end with some illustrative examples of the results of the paper.
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    This letter is about a principal weakness of the published article by Li et al. in 2014. It seems that the mentioned work has a terrible conceptual mistake while presenting its theoretical approach. In fact, the work has tried to design a new attack and its effective solution for a basic watermarking algorithm by Zhu et al. published in 2013, however in practice, we show the Li et al.'s approach is not correct to obtain the aim. For disproof of the incorrect approach, we only apply a numerical example as the counterexample of the Li et al.'s approach.
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    Let $BS(1,n)= \langle a,b : a b a ^{-1} = b ^n\rangle$ be the solvable Baumslag-Solitar group, where $n \geq 2$. We study representations of $BS(1, n)$ by planar orientation preserving homeomorphisms with linear diagonalizable conjugating element. That is, we consider orientation preserving homeomorphisms $f, h: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ such that $h f h^{-1} = f^n$, for some $ n\geq 2$ and we assume that $h$ is a linear diagonalizable transformation. Assuming that $f$ has bounded displacement, we give examples or prove rigidity theorems depending on the eigenvalues of $h$ and give applications to toral homeomorphisms.
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    We consider the $L^2$-critical nonlinear Schrodinger equation with an inhomogeneous damping term. We prove that there exists an initial data such that the corresponding solution is global in $H^1(R^d)$ and we give the minimal time of the blow up for some initial data.
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    We investigate theoretical aspects of the detection of Majorana bound states in Josephson junctions using the semiclassical RCSJ model of junction dynamics. The influence of a 4$\pi$-periodic supercurrent contribution can be detected through its effect on the width of the Shapiro steps and the Fourier spectrum of the voltage signal. We explain how the inclusion of a capacitance term results in a strong quenching of the odd steps when the junction is underdamped, and hence may be used to effectively detect Majorana bound states. Furthermore, in presence of capacitance the first and third steps are quenched to a different degree, as observed experimentally. We examine the emission spectrum of phase-locked solutions, showing that the presence of period-doubling may difficult the measurement of the 4$\pi$-periodic contribution from the Fourier spectrum. Finally, we study the voltage response in the quasiperiodic regime and indicate how the Fourier spectra and the first-return maps in this regime reflect the change of periodicity in the supercurrent.
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    We discuss about the Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST), anti-BRST and (anti-)co-BRST symmetry transformations and derive their corresponding conserved charges in the case of a two (1+1)-dimensional (2D) self-interacting non-Abelian gauge theory (without any interaction with matter fields). We point out a set of novel features that emerge out in the BRST and co-BRST analysis of the above 2D gauge theory. The algebraic structures of the symmetry operators (and corresponding conserved charges) and their relationship with the cohomological operators of differential geometry are established, too. To be more precise, we demonstrate the existence of a single Lagrangian density that respects the continuous symmetries which obey proper algebraic structure of the cohomological operators of differential geometry. We lay emphasis on the existence and properties of the Curci-Ferrari (CF) type restrictions in the context of (anti-)BRST and (anti-)co-BRST symmetry transformations and pin-point their differences and similarities. All the observations, connected with the (anti-)co-BRST symmetries, are completely novel.
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    We discuss a novel microscopic model for collective decision-making interacting multi-agent systems. In particular we are interested in modeling a well known phenomena in the experimental literature called equality bias, where agents tend to behave in the same way as if they were as good, or as bad, as their partner. We analyze the introduced problem and we prove the suboptimality of the collective decision-making in the presence of equality bias. Numerical experiments are addressed in the last section.
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    In this article we investigate the pressure function and affinity dimension for iterated function systems associated to the "box-like" self-affine fractals investigated by D.-J. Feng, Y. Wang and J.M. Fraser. Combining previous results of V. Yu. Protasov, A. Käenmäki and the author we obtain an explicit formula for the pressure function which makes it straightforward to compute the affinity dimension of box-like self-affine sets. We also prove a variant of this formula which allows the computation of a modified singular value pressure function defined by J.M. Fraser. We give some explicit examples where the packing and box dimensions of a box-like self-affine fractal may be easily computed.
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    In this work we generalize the Jacobi-Davidson method to the case when eigenvector can be reshaped into a low-rank matrix. In this setting the proposed method inherits advantages of the original Jacobi-Davidson method, has lower complexity and requires less storage. We also introduce low-rank version of the Rayleigh quotient iteration which naturally arises in the Jacobi-Davidson method.
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    We analyze theoretically the Schrodinger-Poisson equation in two transverse dimensions in the presence of a Kerr term. The model describes the nonlinear propagation of optical beams in thermooptical media and can be regarded as an analogue system for a self-gravitating self-interacting wave. We compute numerically the family of radially symmetric ground state bright stationary solutions for focusing and defocusing local nonlinearity, keeping in both cases a focusing nonlocal nonlinearity. We also analyze excited states and oscillations induced by fixing the temperature at the borders of the material. We provide simulations of soliton interactions, drawing analogies with the dynamics of galactic cores in the scalar field dark matter scenario.
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    In this paper we will apply the modified potential well method and variational method to the study of the long time behaviors of solutions to a class of parabolic equation of Kirchhoff type. Global existence and blow up in finite time of solutions will be obtained for arbitrary initial energy. To be a little more precise, we will give a threshold result for the solutions to exist globally or to blow up in finite time when the initial energy is subcritical and critical, respectively. The decay rate of the $L^2(\Omega)$ norm is also obtained for global solutions in these cases. Moreover, some sufficient conditions for the existence of global and blow-up solutions are also derived when the initial energy is supercritical.
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    A discrete analogue of the extended Bogomolny-Prasad-Sommerfeld (BPS) Skyrme model that admits time-dependent solutions is presented. Using the spacing h of adjacent lattice nodes as a parameter, we identify the spatial profile of the solution and the continuation of the relevant branch of solutions over the lattice spacing for different values of the potential (free) parameter \alpha. In particular, we explore the dynamics and stability of the obtained solutions, finding that, while they generally seem to be prone to instabilities, for suitable values of the lattice spacing and for sufficiently large value of \alpha, they may be long-lived in direct numerical simulations.
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    We prove that for arbitrary free probability measure preserving actions of connected simple Lie groups of real rank one, the crossed product has a unique Cartan subalgebra up to unitary conjugacy. We prove more generally that this result holds for all products of locally compact groups that are nonamenable, weakly amenable and that belong to Ozawa's class S. We deduce a W* strong rigidity theorem for irreducible actions of such product groups and we prove strong solidity of the associated locally compact group von Neumann algebras.
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    Let $i\colon X\to \Pk^N$ be a projective manifold of dimension $n$ embedded in projective space $\Pk^N$, and let $L$ be the pull-back to $X$ of the line bundle $\Ok_{\Pk^N}(1)$. We construct global explicit Koppelman formulas on $X$ for smooth $(0,*)$-forms with values in $L^s$ for any $s$. %The formulas are intrinsic on $X$. The same construction works for singular, even non-reduced, $X$ of pure dimension, if the sheaves of smooth forms are replaced by suitable sheaves $\A_X^*$ of $(0,*)$-currents with mild singularities at $X_{sing}$. In particular, if $s\ge \reg X -1$, ' where $\reg X$ is the Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity, we get an explicit %%% representation of the well-known vanishing of $H^{0,q}(X, L^{s-q})$, $q\ge 1$. Also some other applications are indicated.
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    In [2], the authors constructed closed oriented hyperbolic surfaces with pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphisms from certain class of integral matrices. In this paper, we present a very simple algorithm to compute the Teichmueller polynomial corresponding to those surface diffeomorphisms.
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    Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension of number fields with Galois group $G$. Let $p$ be an odd prime and $r>1$ be an integer. Assuming a conjecture of Schneider, we formulate a conjecture that relates special values of equivariant Artin $L$-series at $s=r$ to the compact support cohomology of the étale $p$-adic sheaf $\mathbb Z_p(r)$. We show that our conjecture is essentially equivalent to the $p$-part of the equivariant Tamagawa number conjecture for the pair $(h^0(\mathrm{Spec}(L))(r), \mathbb Z[G])$. We derive from this explicit constraints on the Galois module structure of Banaszak's $p$-adic wild kernels.
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    Norms have been extensively proposed as coordination mechanisms for both agent and human societies. Nevertheless, choosing the norms to regulate a society is by no means straightforward. The reasons are twofold. First, the norms to choose from may not be independent (i.e, they can be related to each other). Second, different preference criteria may be applied when choosing the norms to enact. This paper advances the state of the art by modeling a series of decision-making problems that regulation authorities confront when choosing the policies to establish. In order to do so, we first identify three different norm relationships -namely, generalisation, exclusivity, and substitutability- and we then consider norm representation power, cost, and associated moral values as alternative preference criteria. Thereafter, we show that the decision-making problems faced by policy makers can be encoded as linear programs, and hence solved with the aid of state-of-the-art solvers.
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    The existence of doubly heavy baryons have not been well established in experiments so far. Searching for them is one of the important purposes at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) where plenty of heavy quarks have been generated. In this Letter we study the weak decays of doubly charmed baryons, $\Xi_{cc}^{++}$ and $\Xi_{cc}^{+}$, using the light-front quark model to calculate the transition form factors and firstly considering the rescattering mechanism for the long-distance contributions to predict the corresponding branching fractions. Considering the predicted larger lifetime of $\Xi_{cc}^{++}$ than that of $\Xi_{cc}^{+}$, we find the processes of $\Xi_{cc}^{++}\to \Lambda_c^+K^-\pi^+\pi^+$, $\Xi_c^+\pi^+$ and $p D^0\pi^+$ are accessible with more possibilities at LHCb.
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    Hierarchical matrices can be used to construct efficient preconditioners for partial differential and integral equations by taking advantage of low-rank structures in triangular factorizations and inverses of the corresponding stiffness matrices. The setup phase of these preconditioners relies heavily on low-rank updates that are responsible for a large part of the algorithm's total run-time, particularly for matrices resulting from three-dimensional problems. This article presents a new algorithm that significantly reduces the number of low-rank updates and can reduce the setup time by 50 percent or more.
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    Using 2.93~fb$^{-1}$ of data taken at 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider, we study the semileptonic decays $D^+ \to \bar K^0e^+\nu_e$ and $D^+ \to \pi^0 e^+\nu_e$. We measure the absolute decay branching fractions $\mathcal B(D^+ \to \bar K^0e^+\nu_e)=(8.60\pm0.06\pm 0.15)\times10^{-2}$ and $\mathcal B(D^+ \to \pi^0e^+\nu_e)=(3.63\pm0.08\pm0.05)\times10^{-3}$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. We also measure the differential decay rates and study the form factors of these two decays. With the values of $|V_{cs}|$ and $|V_{cd}|$ from Particle Data Group fits assuming CKM unitarity, we obtain the values of the form factors at $q^2=0$, $f^K_+(0) = 0.725\pm0.004\pm 0.012$ and $f^{\pi}_+(0) = 0.622\pm0.012\pm 0.003$. Taking input from recent lattice QCD calculations of these form factors, we determine values of the CKM matrix elements $|V_{cs}|=0.944 \pm 0.005 \pm 0.015 \pm 0.024$ and $|V_{cd}|=0.210 \pm 0.004 \pm 0.001 \pm 0.009$, where the third uncertainties are theoretical.
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    We study the stable matching problem in non-bipartite graphs with incomplete but strict preference lists, where the edges have weights and the goal is to compute a stable matching of minimum or maximum weight. This problem is known to be NP-hard in general. Our contribution is two fold: a polyhedral characterization and an approximation algorithm. Previously Chen et al. have shown that the stable matching polytope is integral if and only if the subgraph obtained after running phase one of Irving's algorithm is bipartite. We improve upon this result by showing that there are instances where this subgraph might not be bipartite but one can further eliminate some edges and arrive at a bipartite subgraph. Our elimination procedure ensures that the set of stable matchings remains the same, and thus the stable matching polytope of the final subgraph contains the incidence vectors of all stable matchings of our original graph. This allows us to characterize a larger class of instances for which the weighted stable matching problem is polynomial-time solvable. We also show that our edge elimination procedure is best possible, meaning that if the subgraph we arrive at is not bipartite, then there is no bipartite subgraph that has the same set of stable matchings as the original graph. We complement these results with a $2$-approximation algorithm for the minimum weight stable matching problem for instances where each agent has at most two possible partners in any stable matching. This is the first approximation result for any class of instances with general weights.
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    We propose a discussion on the synthesis and scattering analysis of nonlinear metasurfaces. For simplicity, we investigate the case of a second-order nonlinear isotropic metasurface possessing both electric and magnetic linear and nonlinear susceptibility components. We next find the synthesis expressions relating the susceptibilities to the specified fields, which leads to the definition of the nonlinear metasurface conditions for no reflection, themselves revealing the nonreciprocal nature of such structures. Finally, we provide the approximate expressions of the scattered fields based on perturbation theory and compare the corresponding results to finite-difference time-domain simulations.
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    Recent LHCb measurements of the $J/\psi$ meson production in jets is analyzed using fragmentation jet function formalism. It is shown that disagreement with theoretical predictions for distribution over the fraction of $J/\psi$ transverse momentum $z(J/\psi)$ in the cases of prompt production can be explained if one takes into account evolution of the fragmentation function and contributions from double parton scattering mechanism.
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    In a recent paper, it is shown that functions of the form $L_1(x^3)+L_2(x^9)$, where $L_1$ and $L_2$ are linear, are a good source for construction of new infinite families of APN functions. In the present work we study necessary and sufficient conditions for such functions to be APN.
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    Silicon suboxide is currently considered as a unique candidate for lithium ion batteries anode materials due to its considerable capacity. However, no adequate information exist about the role of oxygen content on its performance. To this aim, we used density functional theory to create silicon suboxide matrices of various Si:O ratios and investigated the role of oxygen content on the structural, dynamic, electronic properties and lithiation behavior of the matrices. Our study demonstrates that the O atoms interact strongly with the inserted Li atoms resulting in a disintegration of the host matrix. We found that higher concentration of oxygen atoms in the mixture reduces its relative expansion upon lithiation, which is a desirable quality for anode materials. It helps in preventing crack formation and pulverization due to large fluctuations in volume. Our study also demonstrate that a higher oxygen content increases the lithium storage capacity of the anode. However, it can also cause the formation of stable complexes like lithium silicates that might result into reversible capacity loss as indicated by the voltage-composition curves. The study provides valuable insights into the role of oxygen in moderating the interaction of lithium in silicon suboxide mixture in microscopic details.
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    We explore remanence ($\mu$) as a function of time and temperature, in a variety of rhombohedral antiferromagnets (AFM) which are also weak ferromagnets (WFM) and piezomagnets (PzM). These measurements, across samples with length scales ranging from nano to bulk, firmly establish the presence of a remanence that is quasi static in nature and exhibits a counter-intuitive magnetic field dependence. These observations unravel an ultra-slow magnetization relaxation phenomenon related to this quasi static $\mu$. This feature is also observed in a defect free single crystal of $\alpha$-Fe$_2$O$_3$, which is a canonical WFM and PzM. Notably, $\alpha$-Fe$_2$O$_3$ is not a typical geometrically frustrated AFM and in single crystal form, it is also devoid of any size or interface effect, which are the usual suspects for a slow magnetization relaxation phenomenon. The underlying pinning mechanism appears exclusive to those AFM which are either symmetry allowed WFM, driven by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction (DMI) or can generate this trait by tuning of size and interface. The qualitative features of the quasi static $\mu$ indicate that such WFM are potential piezomagnets, in which magnetization can be tuned by $stress$ alone.
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    The CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) tensor decomposition is a popular dimensionality-reduction method for multiway data. Dimensionality reduction is often sought since many high-dimensional tensors have low intrinsic rank relative to the dimension of the ambient measurement space. However, the emergence of `big data' poses significant computational challenges for computing this fundamental tensor decomposition. Leveraging modern randomized algorithms, we demonstrate that the coherent structure can be learned from a smaller representation of the tensor in a fraction of the time. Moreover, the high-dimensional signal can be faithfully approximated from the compressed measurements. Thus, this simple but powerful algorithm enables one to compute the approximate CP decomposition even for massive tensors. The approximation error can thereby be controlled via oversampling and the computation of power iterations. In addition to theoretical results, several empirical results demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithm.
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Recent comments

Laura Mančinska Mar 28 2017 13:09 UTC

Great result!

For those familiar with I_3322, William here gives an example of a nonlocal game exhibiting a behaviour that many of us suspected (but couldn't prove) to be possessed by I_3322.

gae spedalieri Mar 13 2017 14:13 UTC

1) Sorry but this is false.

1a) That analysis is specifically for reducing QECC protocol to an entanglement distillation protocol over certain class of discrete variable channels. Exactly as in BDSW96. Task of the protocol is changed in the reduction.

1b) The simulation is not via a general LOCC b

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Siddhartha Das Mar 13 2017 13:22 UTC

We feel that we have cited and credited previous works appropriately in our paper. To clarify:

1) The LOCC simulation of a channel and the corresponding adaptive reduction can be found worked out in full generality in the 2012 Master's thesis of Muller-Hermes. We have cited the original paper BD

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gae spedalieri Mar 13 2017 08:56 UTC

This is one of those papers where the contribution of previous literature is omitted and not fairly represented.

1- the LOCC simulation of quantum channels (not necessarily teleportation based) and the corresponding general reduction of adaptive protocols was developed in PLOB15 (https://arxiv.org/

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Noon van der Silk Mar 08 2017 04:45 UTC

I feel that while the proliferation of GUNs is unquestionable a good idea, there are many unsupervised networks out there that might use this technology in dangerous ways. Do you think Indifferential-Privacy networks are the answer? Also I fear that the extremist binary networks should be banned ent

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Qian Wang Mar 07 2017 17:21 UTC

"To get the videos and their labels, we used a YouTube video annotation system, which labels videos with their main topics."
Can anyone explain a bit about this?

Christopher Chamberland Mar 02 2017 18:48 UTC

A good paper for learning about exRec's is this one https://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0504218. Also, rigorous threshold lower bounds are obtained using an adversarial noise model approach.

Anirudh Krishna Mar 02 2017 18:40 UTC

Here's a link to a lecture from Dan Gottesman's course at PI about exRecs.
http://pirsa.org/displayFlash.php?id=07020028

You can find all the lectures here:
http://www.perimeterinstitute.ca/personal/dgottesman/QECC2007/index.html

Ben Criger Mar 02 2017 08:58 UTC

Good point, I wish I knew more about ExRecs.

Robin Blume-Kohout Feb 28 2017 09:55 UTC

I totally agree -- that part is confusing. It's not clear whether "arbitrary good precision ... using a limited amount of hardware" is supposed to mean that arbitrarily low error rates can be achieved with codes of fixed size (clearly wrong) or just that the resources required to achieve arbitraril

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